6,481 research outputs found

    Beam normal spin asymmetry in the quasi-RCS approximation

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    The two-photon exchange contribution to the single spin asymmetries with the spin orientation normal to the reaction plane is discussed for elastic electron-proton scattering in the equivalent photon approximation. In this case, hadronic part of the two-photon exchange amplitude describes real Compton scattering (RCS). We show that in the case of the beam normal spin asymmetry, this approximation selects only the photon helicity flip amplitudes of RCS. At low energies, we make use of unitarity and estimate the contribution of the πN\pi N multipoles to the photon helicity flip amplitudes. In the Regge regime, QRCS approximation allows for a contribution from two pion exchange, and we provide an estimate of such contributions. We furthermore discuss the possibility of the quark and gluon GPD's contributions in the QRCS kinematics.Comment: 10 pages, 5 figures, revtex, submitted to Phys. Rev. C; new version: references adde

    Inelastic electron transport in polymer nanofibers

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    In this paper we present theoretical analysis of the electron transport in conducting polymers. We concentrate on the study of the effects of temperature on characteristics of the transport. We treat a conducting polymers in a metal state as a network of metallic-like grains connected by electron quantum tunneling via intermediate state localized on a polymer chain between the grains. To analyze the effects of temperature on this kind of electron intergrain transport we represent the thermal environment as a phonon bath coupled to the intermediate state. The electron transmission is computed using the Buttiker model within the scattering matrix formalism. This approach is further developed, and the dephasing parameter is expessed in terms of relevant energies including the thermal energy. It is shown that temperature dependencies of both current and conductance associated with the above transport mechanism differ from those typical for other conduction mechanisms in conducting polymers. This could be useful to separate out the contribution from the intergrain electron tunneling to the net electric current in transport experiments on various polymer nanofibers. The proposed model could be used to analyze inelastic electron transport through molecular junctions.Comment: 8 pages, 5 pictures; text added, figures adde

    Electronic origin of the incommensurate modulation in the structure of phosphorus IV

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    An incommensurate modulated structure was found recently in a light group V element phosphorous in the phase P-IV stable in the pressure range 107-137 GPa. We consider configurations of the Brillouin zone and Fermi sphere within a nearly-free-electron model in order to analyze the importance of these configurations for the crystal structure energy. For the phase P-IV with the base-centered orthorhombic structure, oC2, we consider a commensurate approximant with an 11-fold supercell along the c-axis and a modulation wave vector equal 3/11 which is close to the experimentally observed value of 0.267. Atomic shifts due to the modulation result in appearance of satellite reflections and hence in a formation of additional Brillouin zone planes. The stability of this structure is attributed to the lowering of the electronic band structure energy due to Brillouin zone - Fermi surface interactions

    Doubly virtual Compton scattering and the beam normal spin asymmetry

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    We construct an invariant basis for Compton scattering with two virtual photons (VVCS). The basis tensors are chosen to be gauge invariant and orthogonal to each other. The properties of the corresponding 18 invariant amplitudes are studied in detail. We consider the special case of elastic VVCS with the virtualities of the initial and final photons equal. The invariant basis for VVCS in this orthogonal form does not exist in the literatur. We furthermore use this VVCS tensor for a calculation of the beam normal spin asymmetry in the forward kinematics. For this, we relate the invariant amplitudes to the helicity amplitudes of the VVCS reaction. The imaginary parts of these latter are related to the inclusive cross section by means of the optical theorem. We use the phenomenological value of the transverse cross section σT0.1\sigma_T\sim0.1 mbarn and the Callan-Gross relation which relates the longitudinal cross section σL\sigma_L to the transverse one. The result of the calculation agrees with an existing calculation and predicts the negative values of the asymmetry BnB_n of the order of 4-6 ppm in the energy range from 6 to 45 ppm and for very forward angles.Comment: 13 pages, 2 figures, revtex, submitted to Phys. Rev. C; new version: two figures added, typos correcte

    Continuous Transition between Antiferromagnetic Insulator and Paramagnetic Metal in the Pyrochlore Iridate Eu2Ir2O7

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    Our single crystal study of the magneto-thermal and transport properties of the pyrochlore iridate Eu2Ir2O7 reveals a continuous phase transition from a paramagnetic metal to an antiferromagnetic insulator for a sample with stoichiometry within ~1% resolution. The insulating phase has strong proximity to an antiferromagnetic semimetal, which is stabilized by several % level of the off-stoichiometry. Our observations suggest that in addition to electronic correlation and spin-orbit coupling the magnetic order is essential for opening the charge gap.Comment: 6 pages, 6 figure

    From the Kubo formula to variable range hopping

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    Consider a multichannel closed ring with disorder. In the semiclassical treatment its conductance is given by the Drude formula. Quantum mechanics challenge this result both in the limit of strong disorder (eigenstates are not quantum-ergodic in real space) and in the limit of weak disorder (eigenstates are not quantum-ergodic in momentum space). Consequently the analysis of conductance requires going beyond linear response theory, leading to a resistor network picture of transitions between energy levels. We demonstrate that our semi-linear response theory provides a firm unified framework from which the "hopping" phenomenology of Mott can be derived.Comment: 5 pages, published version with an extended concluding paragrap

    Spin polaron theory for the photoemission spectra of layered cobaltates

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    Recently, strong reduction of the quasiparticle peaks and pronounced incoherent structures have been observed in the photoemission spectra of layered cobaltates. Surprisingly, these many-body effects are found to increase near the band insulator regime. We explain these unexpected observations in terms of a novel spin-polaron model for CoO_2 planes which is based on a fact of the spin-state quasidegeneracy of Co^{3+} ions in oxides. Scattering of the photoholes on spin-state fluctuations suppresses their coherent motion. The observed ``peak-dip-hump'' type lineshapes are well reproduced by the theory.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figure

    Theoretical investigation of the magnetic structure in YBa_2Cu_3O_6

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    As experimentally well established, YBa_2Cu_3O_6 is an antiferromagnet with the magnetic moments lying on the Cu sites. Starting from this experimental result and the assumption, that nearest-neighbor Cu atoms within a layer have exactly antiparallel magnetic moments, the orientation of the magnetic moments has been determined within a nonadiabatic extension of the Heisenberg model of magnetism, called nonadiabatic Heisenberg model. Within this group-theoretical model there exist four stable magnetic structures in YBa_2Cu_3O_6, two of them are obviously identical with the high- and low-temperature structure established experimentally. However, not all the magnetic moments which appear to be antiparallel in neutron-scattering experiments are exactly antiparallel within this group-theoretical model. Furthermore, within this model the magnetic moments are not exactly perpendicular to the orthorhombic c axis

    Temperature-dependent Cross Sections for Charmonium Dissociation in Collisions with Pions and Rhos in Hadronic Matter

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    Meson-charmonium dissociation reactions governed by the quark interchange are studied with temperature-dependent quark potentials. Quark-antiquark relative-motion wave functions and masses of charmonia and charmed mesons are determined by the central spin-independent part of the potentials or by the central spin-independent part and a smeared spin-spin interaction. The prominent temperature dependence of the masses is found. Based on the potentials, the wave functions, and the meson masses, we obtain temperature-dependent cross sections for fifteen pion-charmonium and rho-charmonium dissociation reactions. The numerical cross sections are parametrized for future applications in hadronic matter. The particular temperature dependence of the J/psi bound state leads to unusual behavior of the cross sections for endothermic J/psi dissociation reactions. The quantum numbers of psi' and chi_c can not make their difference in mass in the temperature region 0.6T_c < T < T_c, but can make the psi' dissociation different from the chi_c dissociation.Comment: 52 pages, 23 figures, 6 table

    Conductivity in a disordered one-dimensional system of interacting fermions

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    Dynamical conductivity in a disordered one-dimensional model of interacting fermions is studied numerically at high temperatures and in the weak-interaction regime in order to find a signature of many-body localization and vanishing d.c. transport coefficients. On the contrary, we find in the regime of moderately strong local disorder that the d.c. conductivity sigma0 scales linearly with the interaction strength while being exponentially dependent on the disorder. According to the behavior of the charge stiffness evaluated at the fixed number of particles, the absence of the many-body localization seems related to an increase of the effective localization length with the interaction.Comment: 4 pages, 5 figures, submitted to PR
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