49,991 research outputs found

    A nonlinear filter for compensating for time delays in manual control systems

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    A nonlinear filter configured to provide phase lead without accompanying gain distortion is analyzed and evaluated. The nonlinear filter is superior to a linear lead/lag compensator in its ability to maintain system stability as open loop crossover frequency is increased. Test subjects subjectively rated the filter as slightly better than a lead/lag compensator in its ability to compensate for delays in a compensatory tracking task. However, the filter does introduce unwanted harmonics. This is particularly noticeable for low frequency pilot inputs. A revised compensation method is proposed which allows such low frequency inputs to bypass the nonlinear filter. A brief analytical and experimental evaluation of the revised filter indicates that further evaluation in more realistic tasks is justified

    Managing fisheries in a changing climate

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    No need to wait for more information: industrialized fishing is already wiping out stocks

    The Bursty Dynamics of the Twitter Information Network

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    In online social media systems users are not only posting, consuming, and resharing content, but also creating new and destroying existing connections in the underlying social network. While each of these two types of dynamics has individually been studied in the past, much less is known about the connection between the two. How does user information posting and seeking behavior interact with the evolution of the underlying social network structure? Here, we study ways in which network structure reacts to users posting and sharing content. We examine the complete dynamics of the Twitter information network, where users post and reshare information while they also create and destroy connections. We find that the dynamics of network structure can be characterized by steady rates of change, interrupted by sudden bursts. Information diffusion in the form of cascades of post re-sharing often creates such sudden bursts of new connections, which significantly change users' local network structure. These bursts transform users' networks of followers to become structurally more cohesive as well as more homogenous in terms of follower interests. We also explore the effect of the information content on the dynamics of the network and find evidence that the appearance of new topics and real-world events can lead to significant changes in edge creations and deletions. Lastly, we develop a model that quantifies the dynamics of the network and the occurrence of these bursts as a function of the information spreading through the network. The model can successfully predict which information diffusion events will lead to bursts in network dynamics

    On the Convexity of Latent Social Network Inference

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    In many real-world scenarios, it is nearly impossible to collect explicit social network data. In such cases, whole networks must be inferred from underlying observations. Here, we formulate the problem of inferring latent social networks based on network diffusion or disease propagation data. We consider contagions propagating over the edges of an unobserved social network, where we only observe the times when nodes became infected, but not who infected them. Given such node infection times, we then identify the optimal network that best explains the observed data. We present a maximum likelihood approach based on convex programming with a l1-like penalty term that encourages sparsity. Experiments on real and synthetic data reveal that our method near-perfectly recovers the underlying network structure as well as the parameters of the contagion propagation model. Moreover, our approach scales well as it can infer optimal networks of thousands of nodes in a matter of minutes.Comment: NIPS, 201

    Comparative study of heat rejection systems for portable life support equipment Final report

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    Comparsion of heat rejection systems for portable life support equipment for earth orbital or lunar surface EV

    Delay Parameter Selection in Permutation Entropy Using Topological Data Analysis

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    Permutation Entropy (PE) is a powerful tool for quantifying the predictability of a sequence which includes measuring the regularity of a time series. Despite its successful application in a variety of scientific domains, PE requires a judicious choice of the delay parameter τ\tau. While another parameter of interest in PE is the motif dimension nn, Typically nn is selected between 44 and 88 with 55 or 66 giving optimal results for the majority of systems. Therefore, in this work we focus solely on choosing the delay parameter. Selecting τ\tau is often accomplished using trial and error guided by the expertise of domain scientists. However, in this paper, we show that persistent homology, the flag ship tool from Topological Data Analysis (TDA) toolset, provides an approach for the automatic selection of τ\tau. We evaluate the successful identification of a suitable τ\tau from our TDA-based approach by comparing our results to a variety of examples in published literature

    Amplified wind turbine apparatus

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    An invention related to the utilization of wind energy and increasing the effects thereof for power generation is described. Amplified wind turbine apparatus is disclosed wherein ambient inlet air is prerotated in a first air rotation chamber having a high pressure profile increasing the turbulence and Reynolds number thereof. A second rotation chamber adjacent and downstream of the turbine has a low pressure core profile whereby flow across the turbine is accelerated and thereafter exits the turbine apparatus through a draft anti-interference device. Interference with ambient winds at the outlet of the turbine apparatus is thus eliminated. Pivotable vanes controlled in response to prevailing wind direction admit air to the chambers and aid in imparting rotation. A central core may be utilized for creating the desired pressure profile in the chamber
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