1,481 research outputs found

    Factors associated with home deliveries in a low income rural setting-observations from Nchelenge district, Zambia

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    Objectives: To determine the proportion of and factors associated with home deliveries in Nchelenge district, Zambia.Design: A population-based cross sectional study survey using simple random sampling was carried out among women (n=499) who attended immunization posts that were randomly selected. Binary multivariate logistic regression was used to determine factors associated with home deliveries.Main outcome measure: Percentage of deliveries reported to have occurred at home.Results: Overall (n=499), the prevalence of home deliveries was 43%, 95% CI (38.62, 47.48). Women who had four years of schooling or less, were 63% (AOR=1.63, 95% CI [1.06, 2.51]) more likely to deliver at home than a health facility compared to those who had at least five years of schooling.  Women who lived within a radius of 5 kilometers to the nearest health facility providing maternal health and delivery services were 39% (AOR=0.61, 95% CI [0.41, 0.90]) less likely to deliver at home compared to those who lived more than 5 km away. Aspects of traditional beliefs, personal experiences of mothers and the perspectives of community members were among possible reasons cited for this outcome. Response rate was 96% (< 5% refused).Conclusion: The association of home deliveries with access to health care suggests a need for structural response coupled with ethnographic studies to explore linked aspects of traditional beliefs, personal experiences of mothers and the perspectives of community members.Keywords: Zambia, Home deliveries, Factors, Crosssectional Surve

    Measurement of the cross-section and charge asymmetry of WW bosons produced in proton-proton collisions at s=8\sqrt{s}=8 TeV with the ATLAS detector

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    This paper presents measurements of the W+→Ό+ÎœW^+ \rightarrow \mu^+\nu and W−→Ό−ΜW^- \rightarrow \mu^-\nu cross-sections and the associated charge asymmetry as a function of the absolute pseudorapidity of the decay muon. The data were collected in proton--proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV with the ATLAS experiment at the LHC and correspond to a total integrated luminosity of 20.2~\mbox{fb^{-1}}. The precision of the cross-section measurements varies between 0.8% to 1.5% as a function of the pseudorapidity, excluding the 1.9% uncertainty on the integrated luminosity. The charge asymmetry is measured with an uncertainty between 0.002 and 0.003. The results are compared with predictions based on next-to-next-to-leading-order calculations with various parton distribution functions and have the sensitivity to discriminate between them.Comment: 38 pages in total, author list starting page 22, 5 figures, 4 tables, submitted to EPJC. All figures including auxiliary figures are available at https://atlas.web.cern.ch/Atlas/GROUPS/PHYSICS/PAPERS/STDM-2017-13

    Search for chargino-neutralino production with mass splittings near the electroweak scale in three-lepton final states in √s=13 TeV pp collisions with the ATLAS detector