22 research outputs found

    A real thirst?

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    It's not all about healthy eating – what about healthy drinking? Dr Kristy Howells and Dr Jackie Musgrave explain how to ensure young children are achieving good hydratio

    ‘Early childhood studies is more than a degree; it is an experience’: undergraduate students’ motivations, professional aspirations and attributes

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    This mixed methods study sought the views of early childhood studies students from three universities in England. The research explored motivations, professional aspirations and the attributes they believed were required to work in early childhood. Findings highlighted that the holistic study of early childhood is valued by students and placements offered a space where they grew and flourished, as they made sense of where their personal intersected with wider theoretical, practice and political systems embedded in early childhood. Students follow a range of career trajectories, either by choice or because there is no specific practitioner role underpinned by the holistic study of early childhood. This study also revealed factors that led to their choice and place of study, as well as the ways that students’ personal circumstances affected their studies, reinforcing the importance of academic and pastoral support. Very significantly, this research led to discussions about the core purpose of the early childhood studies degree and helped to inform the development of the Graduate Competencies as an addition to ECS degrees that included placements

    Copy number variants as modifiers of breast cancer risk for BRCA1/BRCA2 pathogenic variant carriers

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    The risk of germline copy number variants (CNVs) in BRCA1 and BRCA2 pathogenic variant carriers in breast cancer is assessed, with CNVs overlapping SULT1A1 decreasing breast cancer risk in BRCA1 carriers.The contribution of germline copy number variants (CNVs) to risk of developing cancer in individuals with pathogenic BRCA1 or BRCA2 variants remains relatively unknown. We conducted the largest genome-wide analysis of CNVs in 15,342 BRCA1 and 10,740 BRCA2 pathogenic variant carriers. We used these results to prioritise a candidate breast cancer risk-modifier gene for laboratory analysis and biological validation. Notably, the HR for deletions in BRCA1 suggested an elevated breast cancer risk estimate (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.21), 95% confidence interval (95% CI = 1.09-1.35) compared with non-CNV pathogenic variants. In contrast, deletions overlapping SULT1A1 suggested a decreased breast cancer risk (HR = 0.73, 95% CI 0.59-0.91) in BRCA1 pathogenic variant carriers. Functional analyses of SULT1A1 showed that reduced mRNA expression in pathogenic BRCA1 variant cells was associated with reduced cellular proliferation and reduced DNA damage after treatment with DNA damaging agents. These data provide evidence that deleterious variants in BRCA1 plus SULT1A1 deletions contribute to variable breast cancer risk in BRCA1 carriers.Peer reviewe

    The Use of Observations in Early Childhood Research

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    The aim of this chapter is to describe and evaluate the use of childhood observations as a tool for educational research. Whilst the focus of the chapter is educational research, the content can be applied to how observations can be used in early years practice. The chapter starts with an overview of how observations have been used historically by the pioneers who have helped us to learn about children’s learning and development. I will draw on how I used observations as a tool for my doctoral research which explored how practitioners create inclusive environments for young children with chronic health conditions. The ethical considerations that need to be considered in relation to observing young children will be discussed in detail