6 research outputs found

    Inventions in the Area of Nanotechnologies and Nanomaterials. Part I

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    Introduction. Advanced technologies inspire people by demonstrating the latest achievements (materials, methods, systems, technologies, devices etc.) that dramatically change the world. This, first of all, concerns nanotechnological inventions designed by scientists, engineers and specialists from different countries. Main part. The article provides an abstract overview of inventions of scientists, engineers and specialists from different countries: Germany, Russia, China, USA et al. The results of the creative activity of scientists, engineers and specialists, including inventions in the field of nanotechnology and nanomaterials allow, when introduced to industry, achieving a significant effect in construction, housing and communal services, and related sectors of the economy. For example, the invention Ā«The composition and manufacturing method of non-fired zirconium heat-resistant concreteĀ» refers to the construction materials industry and can be used in the manufacture of products from zirconium non-fired heat-resistant concrete obtained without pre-firing. The purpose of the invention is to increase the thermal resistance at 1300Š¾C, improve the water resistance of non-fired zirconium heat-resistant concrete and the exclusion a technologically complex method of converting the above-mentioned components into nanoscale particles and heat-shock treatment requiring high energy costs. The following inventions in the field of nanotechnology can also be interesting for specialists: a method to obtain multi-layered nanocomposite coating: a method for modifying carbon nanomaterials in nitrogen-containing plasma; a method for regeneration of aerosol filters and protective membranes; a method for obtaining a polymer nanocomposite material with reduced flammability; a robotic complex for obtaining nanostructured chromium coatings; a method for producing hydrogen from methane, a method for forming a combined hydrophilic coating; thermochromic nanoencapsulated material, production method and a product containing such material; a method for obtaining a water-soluble paint-and-lacquer material with photobactericidal activity for applying photobactericidal coatings based on water-soluble paint-and-lacquer materials Šµt al. Conclusion. One of the most challenging tasks the economy of every country face is to increase industrial competitiveness through technological upgrade. From the side of the state and companies the principal object to control in this process are the people and enterprises dealing with introduction of inventions and new technologie

    Inventions in the Area of Nanomaterials and Nanotechnologies. Part II

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    Introduction. Advanced technologies impress peopleā€™s imagination demonstrating the latest achievements (materials, methods, systems, technologies, devices etc.) that dramatically change the world. This, first of all, concerns nanotechnological inventions designed by scientists, engineers and specialists from different countries. Main part. The article provides an abstract overview of inventions of scientists, engineers and specialists from different countries: Germany, Russia, USA, et al. The results of the creative activity of scientists, engineers and specialists, including inventions in the field of nanotechnology and nanomaterials allow, when introduced to industry, achieving a significant effect in construction, housing and communal services, and related sectors of the economy. For example, the task resolved by the invention Ā«A composition on the basis of oxide nanostructures to provide surface with superhydrophobic propertiesĀ», means to design a new method of obtaining materials with superhydrophobic properties which possess improved performance and functional characteristics which can be applied in various areas: power engineering, electronics, machine-building, construction, ship-building, aviation, aerospace and food industries. The feature of the invention is that the surfaces demonstrate superhydrophobic properties and, as a result of that, their applying allows protecting metal structures, such as power lines, frame structures, roofs, from ice formation and dirtying. The technical result is possible due to the use of composition on the basis of oxide nanostructures to provide surface with superhydrophobic properties. The composition contains tetraethoxysilane and tetraisopropyl titanate as structure-forming agents, hexamethyldisilazane as hydrophobic element, isopropyl alcohol as dissolvent, non-spheric nanocrystal titanium dioxide with particle size from 10 to 50 nm as a grow accelerator of anisotropic structures to provide specified roughness of the surface. The specialist can be also interested in the following inventions in the area of nanotechnologies: a composite heat-conducting material on the basis of nanoliquid, a nanocomposite material on the basis of potassium titanate, a method of obtaining of nanodispersed powders, hybrid supercondenser on the basis of nanosized nickel hydroxide, etc. Conclusion. One of the most challenging tasks the economy of every country faces is to increase industrial competitiveness through technological upgrade. From the side of the state and companies the principal object to control in this process are the people and enterprises dealing with introduction of inventions and new technologie

    The inventions in nanotechnologies as practical solutions. Part II

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    A brief review of patents is given. The research performed by scientists, engineers and specialists in the area of nanotechnologies and nanomaterials result in increased efficiency of construction, housing sector and adjacent fields of economy. For example, invention Ā«Elastic conductive film on the basis of silver nanoparticlesĀ», according to experts, is of great interest for science and industry. This new type of electronics potentially can be applied in many fields, such as elastic sensor skin for robot devices, portable electronics for functional clothes, elastic sensors and flexible electronic displays. Elasticity of materials is highly needed in electronic devices that contact the human body or curved surfaces. Elastic conductive film contains many annealed nanoparticles of conductive metal, in particular silver, applied on substrate. Adhesion of silver film is of great quality: when abrasion test was finished, there were no defects or there were slight defects. The specialists can also be interested in the following inventions in the area of nanotechnologies: a method to introduce single-wall and/or two-wall and/or multi-wall carbon nanotubes in composition of adhesive additives for asphalt coating and application of single-wall and/or two-wall and/or multi-wall carbon nanotubes in composition of adhesive additives; welding wire with nanocomposite coating for welding of high-tensile steel; A method to produce nanocomposite material based on aluminium; sewage treatment system with nanomodified natural sorbents et al

    The inventions in nanotechnologies as practical solutions. Part I

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    A brief review of patents is given. The research performed by scientists, engineers and specialists in the area of nanotechnologies and nanomaterials result in increased efficiency of construction, housing sector and adjacent fields of economy. The invention Ā«A method of introduction of single-shell and/or double-shell and/or multi-shell carbon nanotubes in adhesive additive composition for asphalt coating and application of single-shell and/or double-shell and/or multi-shell carbon nanotubes as a part of adhesive additive compositionĀ» refers to construction, in particular, to the materials used in road, airdrome and civil construction. Concentration (content) of single-shell and/or double-shell and/or multi-shell carbon nanotubes varies from 0,01% to 15% of volume of asphalt covering. The invention Ā«A method to produce nanocomposite materialĀ» based on aluminium refers to powder metallurgy, in particular to production of metal and carbon composite materials and articles of them in different shapes and can be used in auto industry, shipbuilding, aircraft engineering and instrument manufacture and other areas. The invention Ā«A method of low temperature application of nanocrystal coating of alpha-oxide aluminiumĀ» refers to method of production nanocrystal coating of alpha-oxide aluminium with high rate under low temperature. Coatings of aluminium oxide are characterized by high thermal resistance, chemical inaction, hardness, compression resistance, heat-insulation capacity and is widely used for protection the products exposed to high temperatures and aggressive environments. The specialists can also be interested in the following inventions in the area of nanotechnologies: device and method for production of powder materials based on nano- and microparticles through electric explosion of wire; vacuum machine for application of nanostructured coating made of material with shape memory effect on the detail surface; hierarchically reinforced heteromodular extrudable solid lubricant nanocomposite based on UHMW PE and a method to produce it; hydrogen-accumulating materials and a method to produce them et al

    Inventions of Scientists, Engineers and Specialists from Different Countries in the Area of Nanotechnologies. Part IV

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    Introduction. Advanced technologies impress people\u27s imagination demonstrating the latest achievements (materials, methods, systems, technologies, devices etc.) that dramatically change the world. This, first of all, concerns nanotechnological inventions designed by scientists, engineers and specialists from different countries. Main part. The paper briefly reviews inventions made by scientists, engineers and specialists from different countries: Russia, USA, China, Belarus, Great Britain, Vietnam, Denmark, the Kyrgyz Republic. The application of the results of scientists\u27, engineers\u27 and specialists\u27 investigations, including inventions in the area of nanotechnology and nanomaterials allow achieving significant efficiency in construction, house and communal service, related sectors of economy. For example, the invention A method to modify concrete with complex additive which includes hydrothermal nanoparticles SiO2 and multi-layer carbon nanotubes refers to methods of modifying concrete by introducing combination of nanoparticles with high specific surface into concrete mixture and can be used in production of precast and monolithic parts and structures of buildings and facilities of different purpose. This method of nanomodifying concrete makes it possible to achieve increased mechanical characteristics of concrete: compressive strength (25-77% at the age of 28 days) and bending strength, resistance to damage, Young\u27s mod of elasticity and shearing modulus, density (up to 10%), accelerated hardening at the early age and rate of strength development, decreased water absorbtion ability and improved indicators of porous structure (pore size and pore differential size uniformity), decreased total capillary porosity, increased frost resistance. The specialists can also be interested in the following nanotechnological inventions: a method to obtain polycrystalline diamond films; phase change materials for building construction: an overview of nano-/microencapsulation, solar collector of transpiration type; a method to obtain composition for antimicrobic coating on the basis of silver sulphide associates with molecules of methylene blue; broadband electromagnetic absorbing coating; a method to produce dry building mixtures; self-organizing nanostructures and separation membrane including aquaporin water channels and the methods to produce and use them; a method to obtain nanocrystalline titanium dioxide with anatase structure, etc. Conclusion. One of the most challenging tasks the economy of every country face is to increase industrial competitiveness through technological upgrade. From the side of the state and companies the principal object to control in this process are the people and enterprises dealing with introduction of inventions and new technologies

    Inventions in the Area of Nanomaterials and Nanotechnologies. Part III

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    Introduction. Advanced technologies inspire people by demonstrating the latest achievements (materials, methods, systems, technologies, devices etc.) that dramatically change the world. This, first of all, concerns nanotechnological inventions designed by scientists, engineers and specialists from different countries. Main part. The article provides an abstract overview of inventions of scientists, engineers and specialists from different countries: Russia, USA, Turkmenistan, Japan et al. The results of the creative activity of scientists, engineers and specialists, including inventions in the field of nanotechnology and nanomaterials allow, when introduced to industry, achieving a significant effect in construction, housing and communal services, and related sectors of the economy. For example, the invention Ā«Modifying additiveĀ» is related to the road construction and can be applied in production of asphalt-concrete, including that with utilizing of nanotechnologies. To improve performance characteristics of bitumen and asphalt concrete one can use modifying additive which comprises a mix of carbon nanomaterials. The aim of the invention is to solve the task of creating new technology which could provide obtaining of asphalt concrete with enhanced performance characteristics. The following inventions in the field of nanotechnology can also be interesting for specialists: a method to obtain multi-layered nanocomposite coating; a method of laser surface treatment for steel products; a device to obtain graphene-containing suspension; a method to obtain nanocrystal silicon powder; a self-cleaning material with chemical and biological protection properties; a method of obtaining nanostructured composite material on the basis of aluminum; a device control system with the shape memory effect to manipulate micro- and nanoobjects; a method to form plasmon nanostructures on the object surfaces to provide non-destructive analysis of low concentrations of chemical compounds by Raman spectroscopy et al. Conclusion. One of the most challenging tasks the economy of every country face is to increase industrial competitiveness through technological upgrade. From the side of the state and companies the principal object to control in this process are the people and enterprises dealing with introduction of inventions and new technologies
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