28 research outputs found

    Strange quark contributions to nucleon electric and magnetic form factors from parity-violating electron scattering asymmetries in the backward angle g0 experiment

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    The G0 collaboration has measured parity-violating asymmetries in elastic electron-proton and quasi-elastic electron-deuteron scattering at Q^2 = 0.22, 0.63 GeV^2. These asymmetries are sensitive to strange quark contributions to electric and magnetic properties of the nucleon, as well as to the axial current of the nucleon. The measurements were made using the polarized beam at Jefferson Laboratory by detecting electrons scattered at ~110 degrees from liquid targets. Together with previous results from the G0 forward angle measurement, the form factors which characterize the strange electric, strange magnetic and axial contributions were found to be G^{s}_{E}(0.221 GeV^2)= -0.0142305 +/- 0.035562 +/- 0.0181952 +/-0.0176497 G^{s}_{M}(0.221 GeV^2)=0.0833777 +/- 0.18337 +/- 0.0854892 +/- 0.0780912 G^{e}_{A}(0.221 GeV^2)=-0.501236 +/- 0.317127 +/- 0.193005 +/- 0.0878386 G^{s}_{E}(0.628 GeV^2)=0.110227 +/-0.0488068 +/- 0.0296044 +/- 0.0236998 G^{s}_{M}(0.628 GeV^2)=-0.12354 +/- 0.10953 +/- 0.0614285 +/- 0.0316972 G^{e}_{A}(0.628 GeV^2)=-0.197329 +/- 0.425414 +/- 0.256755 +/- 0.0948741 with statistical, point-to-point systematic and global systematic uncertainties given respectively. These results indicate small (<10%) strange quark contributions to the charge and magnetic nucleon form factors at the measured momentum transfers and are also consistent with a signïŹcant reduction in the magnitude of the effective axial form factor compared with that measured in neutrino scattering experiments, providing the first experimental information on the nucleon anapole moment

    Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE), Far Detector Technical Design Report, Volume I Introduction to DUNE

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    International audienceThe preponderance of matter over antimatter in the early universe, the dynamics of the supernovae that produced the heavy elements necessary for life, and whether protons eventually decay—these mysteries at the forefront of particle physics and astrophysics are key to understanding the early evolution of our universe, its current state, and its eventual fate. The Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE) is an international world-class experiment dedicated to addressing these questions as it searches for leptonic charge-parity symmetry violation, stands ready to capture supernova neutrino bursts, and seeks to observe nucleon decay as a signature of a grand unified theory underlying the standard model. The DUNE far detector technical design report (TDR) describes the DUNE physics program and the technical designs of the single- and dual-phase DUNE liquid argon TPC far detector modules. This TDR is intended to justify the technical choices for the far detector that flow down from the high-level physics goals through requirements at all levels of the Project. Volume I contains an executive summary that introduces the DUNE science program, the far detector and the strategy for its modular designs, and the organization and management of the Project. The remainder of Volume I provides more detail on the science program that drives the choice of detector technologies and on the technologies themselves. It also introduces the designs for the DUNE near detector and the DUNE computing model, for which DUNE is planning design reports. Volume II of this TDR describes DUNE's physics program in detail. Volume III describes the technical coordination required for the far detector design, construction, installation, and integration, and its organizational structure. Volume IV describes the single-phase far detector technology. A planned Volume V will describe the dual-phase technology

    Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE), Far Detector Technical Design Report, Volume II: DUNE Physics

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    The preponderance of matter over antimatter in the early universe, the dynamics of the supernovae that produced the heavy elements necessary for life, and whether protons eventually decay -- these mysteries at the forefront of particle physics and astrophysics are key to understanding the early evolution of our universe, its current state, and its eventual fate. DUNE is an international world-class experiment dedicated to addressing these questions as it searches for leptonic charge-parity symmetry violation, stands ready to capture supernova neutrino bursts, and seeks to observe nucleon decay as a signature of a grand unified theory underlying the standard model. The DUNE far detector technical design report (TDR) describes the DUNE physics program and the technical designs of the single- and dual-phase DUNE liquid argon TPC far detector modules. Volume II of this TDR, DUNE Physics, describes the array of identified scientific opportunities and key goals. Crucially, we also report our best current understanding of the capability of DUNE to realize these goals, along with the detailed arguments and investigations on which this understanding is based. This TDR volume documents the scientific basis underlying the conception and design of the LBNF/DUNE experimental configurations. As a result, the description of DUNE's experimental capabilities constitutes the bulk of the document. Key linkages between requirements for successful execution of the physics program and primary specifications of the experimental configurations are drawn and summarized. This document also serves a wider purpose as a statement on the scientific potential of DUNE as a central component within a global program of frontier theoretical and experimental particle physics research. Thus, the presentation also aims to serve as a resource for the particle physics community at large

    Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE) Near Detector Conceptual Design Report

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    International audienceThe Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE) is an international, world-class experiment aimed at exploring fundamental questions about the universe that are at the forefront of astrophysics and particle physics research. DUNE will study questions pertaining to the preponderance of matter over antimatter in the early universe, the dynamics of supernovae, the subtleties of neutrino interaction physics, and a number of beyond the Standard Model topics accessible in a powerful neutrino beam. A critical component of the DUNE physics program involves the study of changes in a powerful beam of neutrinos, i.e., neutrino oscillations, as the neutrinos propagate a long distance. The experiment consists of a near detector, sited close to the source of the beam, and a far detector, sited along the beam at a large distance. This document, the DUNE Near Detector Conceptual Design Report (CDR), describes the design of the DUNE near detector and the science program that drives the design and technology choices. The goals and requirements underlying the design, along with projected performance are given. It serves as a starting point for a more detailed design that will be described in future documents

    The DUNE Far Detector Vertical Drift Technology, Technical Design Report