979 research outputs found

### Magnetization reversals in a disk-shaped small magnet with an interface

We consider a nanodisk possessing two coupled materials with different
ferromagnetic exchange constant. The common border line of the two media passes
at the disk center dividing the system exactly in two similar half-disks. The
vortex core motion crossing the interface is investigated with a simple
description based on a two-dimensional model which mimics a very thin real
material with such a line defect. The main result of this study is that,
depending on the magnetic coupling which connects the media, the vortex core
can be dramatically and repeatedly flipped from up to down and vice versa by
the interface. This phenomenon produces burst-like emission of spin waves each
time the switching process takes place.Comment: 11 pages, 10 figure

### Conditions for free magnetic monopoles in nanoscale square arrays of dipolar spin ice

We study a modified frustrated dipolar array recently proposed by M\"{o}ller
and Moessner [Phys. Rev. Lett. \textbf{96}, 237202 (2006)], which is based on
an array manufactured lithographically by Wang \emph{et al.} [Nature (London)
\textbf{439}, 303 (2006)] and consists of introducing a height offset $h$
between islands (dipoles) pointing along the two different lattice directions.
The ground-states and excitations are studied as a function of $h$. We have
found, in qualitative agreement with the results of M\"{o}ller and Moessner,
that the ground-state changes for $h>h_{1}$, where $h_{1}= 0.444a$ ($a$ is the
lattice parameter or distance between islands). In addition, the excitations
above the ground-state behave like magnetic poles but confined by a string,
whose tension decreases as $h$ increases, in such a way that for $h\approx h_1$
its value is around 20 times smaller than that for $h=0$. The system exhibits
an anisotropy in the sense that the string tension and magnetic charge depends
significantly on the directions in which the monopoles are separated. In turn,
the intensity of the magnetic charge abruptly changes when the monopoles are
separated along the direction of the longest axis of the islands. Such a gap is
attributed to the transition from the anti to the ferromagnetic ground-state
when $h=h_1$.Comment: 6 pages, 7 figures. Published versio

### Berry phases and zero-modes in toroidal topological insulator

An effective Hamiltonian describing the surface states of a toroidal
topological insulator is obtained, and it is shown to support both bound-states
and charged zero-modes. Actually, the spin connection induced by the toroidal
curvature can be viewed as an position-dependent effective vector potential,
which ultimately yields the zero-modes whose wave-functions harmonically
oscillate around the toroidal surface. In addition, two distinct Berry phases
are predicted to take place by the virtue of the toroidal topology.Comment: New version, accepted for publication in EPJB, 6 pages, 1 figur

### On Dirac-like Monopoles in a Lorentz- and CPT-violating Electrodynamics

We study magnetic monopoles in a Lorentz- and CPT-odd electrodynamical
framework in (3+1) dimensions. This is the standard Maxwell model extended by
means of a Chern-Simons-like term, $b_\mu\tilde{F}^{\mu\nu}A_\nu$ ($b_\mu$
constant), which respects gauge invariance but violates both Lorentz and CPT
symmetries (as a consequence, duality is also lost). Our main interest concerns
the analysis of the model in the presence of Dirac monopoles, so that the
Bianchi identity no longer holds, which naively yields the non-conservation of
electric charge. Since gauge symmetry is respected, the issue of charge
conservation is more involved. Actually, the inconsistency may be circumvented,
if we assume that the appearance of a monopole induces an extra electric
current. The reduction of the model to (2+1) dimensions in the presence of both
the magnetic sources and Lorentz-violating terms is presented. There, a
quantization condition involving the scalar remnant of $b_\mu$, say, the mass
parameter, is obtained. We also point out that the breaking of duality may be
associated with an asymmetry between electric and magnetic sources in this
background, so that the electromagnetic force experienced by a magnetic pole is
supplemented by an extra term proportional to $b_\mu$, whenever compared to the
one acting on an electric charge.Comment: 10 pages, no figures, typed in te

### How hole defects modify vortex dynamics in ferromagnetic nanodisks

Defects introduced in ferromagnetic nanodisks may deeply affect the structure
and dynamics of stable vortex-like magnetization. Here, analytical techniques
are used for studying, among other dynamical aspects, how a small cylindrical
cavity modify the oscillatory modes of the vortex. For instance, we have
realized that if the vortex is nucleated out from the hole its gyrotropic
frequencies are shifted below. Modifications become even more pronounced when
the vortex core is partially or completely captured by the hole. In these
cases, the gyrovector can be partially or completely suppressed, so that the
associated frequencies increase considerably, say, from some times to several
powers. Possible relevance of our results for understanding other aspects of
vortex dynamics in the presence of cavities and/or structural defects are also
discussed.Comment: 9 pages, 4 page

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