2,727 research outputs found

    The comparison of characteristics of pi^{-} mesons produced in central Mg-Mg interactions with the quark gluon string model predictions

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    A detailed study of pion production in central Mg-Mg collisions at a momentum of 4.3 GeV/c per incident nucleon was carried out with use of the setup GIBS. The average kinematical characteristics of pions (multiplicity n_, momentum P, transverse momentum P_{T}, emission angle Q, rapidity Y) and corresponding distributions have been obtained. The experimental results have been compared with the predictions of the Quark Gluon String Model (QGSM) and satisfactory agreement between the experimental data and the model has been found. The QGSM reproduces also the dependence of average P_{T} on n_{-}. The temperatures of pi^{-} mesons have been estimated in the rapidity interval of 0.5<=Y<=2.1. A satisfactory fit for pi^{-} mesons has been achieved by using a form involving two temperatures T_{1} and T_{2}. It was found that the QGSM underestimates T_{2} by (10-15)%. The data have been analyzed using the transverse momentum technique. The observed dependence of the on Y shows the S-shape behaviour. The slope at midrapidity F had been determined. The QGSM reproduces the distribution satisfactorily, but underestimates the parameter F.Comment: 21 pages with 9 postscript figure

    The model of dynamo with small number of modes and magnetic activity of T Tauri stars

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    The model that describes operation of dynamo in fully convective stars is presented. It is based on representation of stellar magnetic field as a superposition of finite number of poloidal and toroidal free damping modes. In the frame of adopted low of stellar differential rotation we estimated minimal value of dynamo number D, starting from which generation of cyclic magnetic field in stars without radiative core is possible. We also derived expression for period of the cycle. It was found that dynamo cycles of fully convective stars and stars with thin convective envelopes differ in a qualitative way: 1) distribution of spots over latitude during the cycle is different in these stars; 2) the model predicts that spot formation in fully convective stars should be strongly suppressed at some phases of the cycle. We have analyzed historical lightcurve of WTTS star V410 Tau and found that long term activity of the star is not periodic process. Rather one can speak about quasi cyclic activity with characteristic time of ‚ąľ4\sim 4 yr and chaotic component over imposed. We concluded also that redistribution of cool spots over longitude is the reason of long term variations of V410 Tau brightness. It means that one can not compare directly results of photometric observations with predictions of our axially symmetric (for simplicity) model which allows to investigate time evolution of spot's distribution over latitude. We then discuss what kind of observations and in which way could be used to check predictions of the dynamo theory.Comment: 18 pages, 5 figures, accepted to Astron. Let

    Single hadron response measurement and calorimeter jet energy scale uncertainty with the ATLAS detector at the LHC

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    The uncertainty on the calorimeter energy response to jets of particles is derived for the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). First, the calorimeter response to single isolated charged hadrons is measured and compared to the Monte Carlo simulation using proton-proton collisions at centre-of-mass energies of sqrt(s) = 900 GeV and 7 TeV collected during 2009 and 2010. Then, using the decay of K_s and Lambda particles, the calorimeter response to specific types of particles (positively and negatively charged pions, protons, and anti-protons) is measured and compared to the Monte Carlo predictions. Finally, the jet energy scale uncertainty is determined by propagating the response uncertainty for single charged and neutral particles to jets. The response uncertainty is 2-5% for central isolated hadrons and 1-3% for the final calorimeter jet energy scale.Comment: 24 pages plus author list (36 pages total), 23 figures, 1 table, submitted to European Physical Journal

    Measurement of the cross-section and charge asymmetry of WW bosons produced in proton-proton collisions at s=8\sqrt{s}=8 TeV with the ATLAS detector