466 research outputs found

    Tissue doppler imaging predicts improved systolic performance and reversed left ventricular remodeling during long-term cardiac resynchronization therapy

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    AbstractObjectivesWe sought to evaluate the long-term impact of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) on left ventricular (LV) performance and remodeling using three-dimensional echocardiography and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI).BackgroundThree-dimensional echocardiography and TDI allow rapid and accurate evaluation of LV volumes and performance.MethodsTwenty-five consecutive patients with severe heart failure and bundle branch block who underwent biventricular pacemaker implantation were included. Before and after implantation of the pacemaker, three-dimensional echocardiography and TDI were performed. These examinations were repeated at outpatient visits every six months.ResultsFive patients (20%) died during one-year follow-up. In the remaining 20 patients, significant reductions in LV end-diastolic volume and LV end-systolic volume of 9.6 ± 14% and 16.5 ± 15%, respectively (p < 0.01), could be demonstrated during long-term follow-up. Accordingly, LV ejection fraction increased by 21.7 ± 18% (p < 0.01). According to a newly developed TDI technique—tissue tracking—all regional myocardial segments improved their longitudinal systolic shortening (p < 0.01). The extent of the LV base displaying delayed longitudinal contraction, as detected by TDI before pacemaker implantation, predicted long-term efficacy of CRT. The QRS duration failed to predict resynchronization efficacy.ConclusionsCardiac resynchronization significantly improved LV function and reversed LV remodeling during long-term follow-up. Patients likely to benefit from CRT can be identified by TDI before implantation of a biventricular pacemaker

    Kinect Depth Sensor Evaluation for Computer Vision Applications

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    This technical report describes our evaluation of the Kinect depth sensor by Microsoft for Computer Vision applications. The depth sensor is able to return images like an ordinary camera, but instead of color, each pixel value represents the distance to the point. As such, the sensor can be seen as a range- or 3D-camera. We have used the sensor in several different computer vision projects and this document collects our experiences with the sensor. We are only focusing on the depth sensing capabilities of the sensor since this is the real novelty of the product in relation to computer vision. The basic technique of the depth sensor is to emit an infrared light pattern (with an IR laser diode) and calculate depth from the reflection of the light at different positions (using a traditional IR sensitive camera). In this report, we perform an extensive evaluation of the depth sensor and investigate issues such as 3D resolution and precision, structural noise, multi-cam setups and transient response of the sensor. The purpose is to give the reader a well-founded background to choose whether or not the Kinect sensor is applicable to a specific problem

    Rapid and widely disseminated acute phase protein response after experimental bacterial infection of pigs

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    The acute phase protein response is a well-described generalized early host response to tissue injury, inflammation and infection, observed as pronounced changes in the concentrations of a number of circulating serum proteins. The biological function of this response and its interplay with other parts of innate host defence reactions remain somewhat elusive. In order to gain new insight into this early host defence response in the context of bacterial infection we studied gene expression changes in peripheral lymphoid tissues as compared to hepatic expression changes, 14–18 h after lung infection in pigs. The lung infection was established with the pig specific respiratory pathogen Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae. Quantitative real-time PCR based expression analysis were performed on samples from liver, tracheobronchial lymph node, tonsils, spleen and on blood leukocytes, supplemented with measurements of interleukin-6 and selected acute phase proteins in serum. C-reactive protein and serum amyloid A were clearly induced 14–18 h after infection. Extrahepatic expression of acute phase proteins was found to be dramatically altered as a result of the lung infection with an extrahepatic acute phase protein response occurring concomitantly with the hepatic response. This suggests that the acute phase protein response is a more disseminated systemic response than previously thought. The current study provides to our knowledge the first example of porcine extrahepatic expression and regulation of C-reactive protein, haptoglobin, fibrinogen, pig major acute phase protein, and transferrin in peripheral lymphoid tissues

    Implementation of neck/shoulder exercises for pain relief among industrial workers: A randomized controlled trial

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    BACKGROUND: Although leisure-time physical activity is important for health, adherence to regular exercise is challenging for many adults. The workplace may provide an optimal setting to reach a large proportion of the adult population needing regular physical exercise. This study evaluates the effect of implementing strength training at the workplace on non-specific neck and shoulder pain among industrial workers. METHODS: Cluster-randomized controlled trial involving 537 adults from occupations with high prevalence of neck and shoulder pain (industrial production units). Participants were randomized to 20 weeks of high-intensity strength training for the neck and shoulders three times a week (n = 282) or a control group receiving advice to stay physically active (n = 255). The strength training program followed principles of progressive overload and periodization. The primary outcome was changes in self-reported neck and shoulder pain intensity (scale 0-9). RESULTS: 85% of the participants followed the strength training program on a weekly basis. In the training group compared with the control group, neck pain intensity decreased significantly (-0.6, 95% CI -1.0 to -0.1) and shoulder pain intensity tended to decrease (-0.2, 95% CI -0.5 to 0.1, P = 0.07). For pain-cases at baseline (pain intensity > = 3) the odds ratio - in the training group compared with the control group - for being a non-case at follow-up (pain intensity < 3) was 2.0 (95% CI 1.0 to 4.2) for the neck and 3.9 (95% CI 1.7 to 9.4) for the shoulders. CONCLUSION: High-intensity strength training relying on principles of progressive overload can be successfully implemented at industrial workplaces, and results in significant reductions of neck and shoulder pain. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT01071980

    A seven-octave-bandwidth echo sounding system for application to fish and zooplankton

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    Abstract only. Journal home page: http://scitation.aip.org/jasa

    The Citrullinated and MMP-degraded Vimentin Biomarker (VICM) Predicts Early Response to Anti-TNF alpha Treatment in Crohn's Disease

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    Background: In Crohn's disease (CD), 10% to 40% of patients do not respond to anti-tumor necrosis factor- (TNF) treatment. Currently, there are no biomarkers with adequate sensitivity to separate responders from nonresponders at an early stage. Aim: The aim of this study was to investigated whether early changes in the VICM (citrullinated and matrix metalloproteinase-degraded vimentin) biomarker were associated with response to anti-TNF treatment in patients with CD. Methods: Serum VICM levels were measured by ELISA in 2 independent cohorts of CD patients (n=42) treated with anti-TNF (infliximab or adalimumab). Response was determined by achieving clinical remission (Harvey Bradshaw Index<5). Results: Compared with baseline, VICM serum levels were reduced by anti-TNF in the infliximab cohort (week 6 and 14) and in the adalimumab cohort (week 8). VICM was lower in the responders compared with the nonresponders [infliximab: Week 6, P<0.05; area under the curve (AUC)=0.90; adalimumab: Week 1, P<0.01 (AUC=0.91), and week 8, P<0.05 (AUC=0.86)], and were able to predict response to treatment after 1 week of treatment with an odds ratio of 42.5. Conclusions: The VICM biomarker was time dependently reduced in CD patients responding to anti-TNF treatment. We suggest that VICM may be used as a marker for monitoring early response to anti-TNF in patients with CD

    Quantification of DNA-associated proteins inside eukaryotic cells using single-molecule localization microscopy

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    Development of single-molecule localization microscopy techniques has allowed nanometre scale localization accuracy inside cells, permitting the resolution of ultra-fine cell structure and the elucidation of crucial molecular mechanisms. Application of these methodologies to understanding processes underlying DNA replication and repair has been limited to defined in vitro biochemical analysis and prokaryotic cells. In order to expand these techniques to eukaryotic systems, we have further developed a photo-activated localization microscopy-based method to directly visualize DNA-associated proteins in unfixed eukaryotic cells. We demonstrate that motion blurring of fluorescence due to protein diffusivity can be used to selectively image the DNA-bound population of proteins. We designed and tested a simple methodology and show that it can be used to detect changes in DNA binding of a replicative helicase subunit, Mcm4, and the replication sliding clamp, PCNA, between different stages of the cell cycle and between distinct genetic backgrounds
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