328 research outputs found

    PVP2008-61953 THE ULTIMATE STRENGTH OF CYLINDRICAL LIQUID STORAGE TANKS UNDER EARTHQUAKES -Seismic Capacity Test of Tanks Used in PWR Plants - (Part2 : STATIC POST-BUCKLING STRENGTH TESTS)

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    ABSTRACT Since 2002, Japan Nuclear Energy Safety Organization (JNES) has been carrying out seismic capacity tests for several types of equipment which significantly contribute to core damage frequency. The primary purpose of this study is to acquire the seismic capacity data of thin walled cylindrical liquid storage tanks in nuclear power plants and to establish an evaluation procedure of the ultimate strength. As for the refueling water storage tank and the condensate storage tank which are used in PWR plants, elephant-foot bulge (EFB) is the typical buckling behavior of those tanks and the primary failure mode to be focused on. In the previous study, by conducting the dynamic and static buckling tests with aluminum alloy, it was confirmed that static buckling test represents dynamic buckling and post-buckling behavior in terms of energy absorption capacity. In this study, static buckling tests with actual material were performed in order to evaluate the ultimate strength of real tanks. Although the buckling mode did not differ among materials, tests with actual materials (steel, stainless steel) resulted higher seismic capacity compared to the aluminum alloy, and inner water leakage occurred from the cracks initiated at the secondary buckling on the EFB section

    Utilization of Free Sedoheptulose by Green Leaf Preparations

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    Activation of strigolactone biosynthesis by the DWARF14-LIKE/KARRIKIN-INSENSITIVE2 pathway in mycorrhizal angiosperms, but not in Arabidopsis, a non-mycorrhizal plant

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    Strigolactones (SLs) are a class of plant hormones that regulate many aspects of plant growth and development. SLs also improve symbiosis with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) in the rhizosphere. Recent studies have shown that the DWARF14-LIKE (D14L)/KARRIKIN-INSENSITIVE2 (KAI2) family, paralogs of the SL receptor D14, are required for AMF colonization in several flowering plants, including rice. In this study, we found that (−)-GR5, a 2′S-configured enantiomer of a synthetic SL analog (+)-GR5, significantly activated SL biosynthesis in rice roots via D14L. This result is consistent with a recent report, showing that the D14L pathway positively regulates SL biosynthesis in rice. In fact, the SL levels tended to be lower in the roots of the d14l mutant under both inorganic nutrient-deficient and -sufficient conditions. We also show that the increase in SL levels by (−)-GR5 was observed in other mycorrhizal plant species. In contrast, the KAI2 pathway did not upregulate the SL level and the expression of SL biosynthetic genes in Arabidopsis, a non-mycorrhizal plant. We also examined whether the KAI2 pathway enhances SL biosynthesis in the liverwort Marchantia paleacea, where SL functions as a rhizosphere signaling molecule for AMF. However, the SL level and SL biosynthetic genes were not positively regulated by the KAI2 pathway. These results imply that the activation of SL biosynthesis by the D14L/KAI2 pathway has been evolutionarily acquired after the divergence of bryophytes to efficiently promote symbiosis with AMF, although we cannot exclude the possibility that liverworts have specifically lost this regulatory system

    Reducer-integrated motor using simultaneous engagement of gear pairs with small and no differences in teeth number

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    The motors for industrial robots and transporting robots require high-precision positioning, large torque output, and downsizing. However, conventional motors have difficulties in downsizing or supporting large torque. In this research, we propose a novel reducer-integrated motor to solve the problems of existing motors. The proposed reducer-integrated motor has a differential gear mechanism using the simultaneous engagement of two kinds of external and internal gear pairs: one with a small difference in teeth number and the other with no difference in teeth number. Inside the reducer, linear actuators are installed. Two gear pairs with no difference in teeth number are fixed on the base and the gear pair with a small difference in teeth number is set between them. When the linear actuators revolve the external gear, the two kinds of the gear pairs engage simultaneously and the internal gear of the gear pair with a small difference in teeth number outputs the rotation. It is thought that the structure of the proposed motor can realize downsizing of the entire motor system, high load-supporting capacity, and high stiffness. In this paper, the structure and movement of the proposed motor are explained. The geometrical conditions for simultaneous engagement of the two gear pairs with small and no differences in teeth number are clarified. Through the discussion on the solution satisfying the conditions and the relation with the bending strength, a design method for the reducer of this motor is proposed. An experiment conducted on a prototype verifies that the proposed motor works as expected

    Sublingual Gland Carcinoma Revealed by Choroidal Metastasis

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    A 65-year-old man presented with a 1-week history of left eye distortion. An elevated choroidal lesion covering 6 disc diameters was found in the posterior retina of the left eye. Systemic examination revealed sublingual gland carcinoma and multiple lung metastases, and the diagnosis was choroidal metastasis from sublingual gland carcinoma. Following chemotherapy and radiation therapy, the choroidal lesion shrunk and the patient’s visual acuity improved. The patient died 23 months after his first visit. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of choroidal metastasis from sublingual gland carcinoma

    HSP105 prevents depression-like behavior by increasing hippocampal brain-derived neurotrophic factor levels in mice

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    Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are stress-induced chaperones that are involved in neurological disease. Although increasingly implicated in behavioral disorders, the mechanisms of HSP action, and the relevant functional pathways, are still unclear. We examined whether oral administration of geranylgeranylacetone (GGA), a known HSP inducer, produced an antidepressant effect in a social defeat stress model of depression in mice. We also investigated the possible molecular mechanisms involved, particularly focusing on hippocampal neurogenesis and neurotrophic factor expression. In stressed mice, hippocampal HSP105 expression decreased. However, administration of GGA increased HSP105 expression and improved depression-like behavior, induced hippocampal cell proliferation, and elevated brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels in mouse hippocampus. Co-treatment with GGA and the BDNF receptor inhibitor K252a suppressed the antidepressant effects of GGA. HSP105 knockdown decreased BDNF mRNA levels in HT22 hippocampal cell lines and hippocampal tissue and inhibited the GGA-mediated antidepressant effect. These observations suggest that GGA administration is a therapeutic candidate for depressive diseases by increasing hippocampal BDNF levels via HSP105 expression

    Questionnaire survey on the continuity of home oxygen therapy after a disaster with power outages

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    AbstractBackgroundAfter the Great East Japan Earthquake, oxygen-dependent patients in areas experiencing power outages could not continue home oxygen therapy (HOT) without oxygen cylinders. The purpose of this study was to examine use of oxygen cylinders in areas experiencing power outages and the effects of HOT interruption on patients' health.MethodsQuestionnaires were mailed to 1106 oxygen-dependent patients and HOT-prescribing physicians in Akita, near the disaster-stricken area. We investigated patients' actions when unable to use an oxygen concentrator and classified the patients based on oxygen cylinder use. Patients who experienced an interruption of or reduction in oxygen flow rate by their own judgment were assigned to the “interruption” and “reduction” groups, respectively; those who maintained their usual flow rate were assigned to the “continuation” group. Differences were tested using analysis of variance and the χ2 tests.ResultsIn total, 599 patients responded to the questionnaire. Oxygen cylinders were supplied to 574 patients (95.8%) before their oxygen cylinders were depleted. Comparison of the continuation (n=356), reduction (n=64), and interruption (n=154) groups showed significant differences in family structure (p=0.004), underlying disease (p=0.014), oxygen flow rate (p<0.001), situation regarding use (p<0.001), knowledge of HOT (p<0.001), and anxiety about oxygen supply (p<0.001). There were no differences in changes in physical condition.ConclusionsMost patients could receive oxygen cylinders after the disaster. Some patients discontinued their usual oxygen therapy, but their overall health status was not affected

    Development of 1 MJ Conduction-Cooled LTS Pulse Coil for UPS-SMES

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    A 1 MW, 1 s UPS-SMES is being developed for a protection from a momentary voltage drop and an instant power failure. As a key technology of the UPS-SMES, we developed a prototype LTS pulse coil with a stored energy of 100 kJ and conducted cooling and excitation tests in 2005. The operation test of the prototype UPS-SMES using this 100 kJ coil with power converters have been performed in 2006. A 1 MJ coil was designed before the fabrication of the 100 kJ prototype coil. The superconductor, the electric insulation technique, the winding method, and the cooling structure used for the 100 kJ coil were based upon the 1 MJ coil design. The successful performance test results of the prototype 100 kJ coil validated the design concept and fabrication technique of the 1 MJ coil. According to the achievement of the prototype 100 kJ UPS-SMES, the 1 MJ conduction-cooled LTS pulse coil has been fabricated successfully. The successful experimental results of the 100 kJ prototype coil with power converters and the fabrication procedure of the 1 MJ full size coil are described
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