5,301 research outputs found

    Highly extinguished emission line outflows in the young radio source PKS 1345+12

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    (Abridged) We present new, intermediate resolution spectra (~4A) of the compact radio source PKS 1345+12. Our spectra clearly show extended line emission (~20kpc) consistent with the asymmetric halo of diffuse emission observed in optical and infra-red images. In the nucleus we observe complex emission line profiles requiring 3 Gaussian components (narrow, intermediate and broad). The broadest component (FWHM ~2000 km/s) is blue shifted by ~2000 km/s with respect to the galaxy halo and HI absorption. We interpret this as material in outflow. We find evidence for high reddening and measure E(B-V)>0.92 for the broadest component. From [S II]6716,6731 we estimate electron densities of n_e5300 cm^{-3} and n_{e}>4200 cm^{-3} for the regions emitting the narrow, intermediate and broad components respectively. We calculate a total mass of line emitting gas of M_{gas}<10^6 solar masses. Not all emission line profiles can be reproduced by the same model: [O I]6300,6363 and [S II] require separate, unique models. We argue that PKS 1345+12 is a young radio source whose nuclear regions are enshrouded in a dense cocoon of gas and dust. The radio jets are expanding, sweeping material out of the nuclear regions. Emission originates from three kinematically distinct regions though gradients (e.g. density, ionisation potential, acceleration) must exist across the regions responsible for the emission of the intermediate and broad components.Comment: Accepted for publication in MNRAS, 13 pages, 8 postscript figure

    The impact of the warm outflow in the young (GPS) radio source & ULIRG PKS 1345+12 (4C 12.50)

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    (Abridged) We present new deep VLT/FORS optical spectra with intermediate resolution and large wavelength coverage of the GPS radio source and ULIRG PKS1345+12 (4C12.50; z=0.122), taken with the aim of investigating the impact of the nuclear activity on the circumnuclear ISM. PKS1345+12 is a powerful quasar and is also the best studied case of an emission line outflow in a ULIRG. Using the density sensitive transauroral emission lines [S II]4068,4076 and [O II]7318,7319,7330,7331, we pilot a new technique to accurately model the electron density for cases in which it is not possible to use the traditional diagnostic [S II]6716/6731, namely sources with highly broadened complex emission line profiles and/or high (Ne > 10^4 cm^-3) electron densities. We measure electron densities of Ne=2.94x10^3 cm^-3, Ne=1.47x10^4 cm^-3 and Ne=3.16x10^5 cm^-3 for the regions emitting the narrow, broad and very broad components respectively. We calculate a total mass outflow rate of 8 M_sun yr^-1. We estimate the total mass in the warm gas outflow is 8x10^5 M_sun. The total kinetic power in the warm outflow is 3.4x10^42 erg s^-1. We find that only a small fraction (0.13% of Lbol) of the available accretion power is driving the warm outflow, significantly less than currently required by the majority of quasar feedback models (~5-10\% of Lbol), but similar to recent findings by Hopkins et al. (2010) for a two-stage feedback model. The models also predict that AGN outflows will eventually remove the gas from the bulge of the host galaxy. The visible warm outflow in PKS1345+12 is not currently capable of doing so. However, it is entirely possible that much of the outflow is either obscured by a dense and dusty natal cocoon and/or in cooler or hotter phases of the ISM. This result is important not just for studies of young (GPS/CSS) radio sources, but for AGN in general.Comment: Accepted for publication in MNRAS. 11 pages, 4 figure

    Is Centaurus A special? A neutral hydrogen perspective

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    Due to the proximity, the neutral hydrogen belonging to Centaurus A can be observed at high resolution with good sensitivity. This allows to study the morphology and kinematics in detail in order to understand the evolution of this radio-loud source (e.g. merger history, AGN activity). At the same time, it is important to compare the results to other sources of the same class (i.e. early-type galaxies in general and radio galaxies in particular) to see how Centaurus A fits into the global picture of early-type/radio galaxy evolution. The amount of HI, the morphology of a warped disk with HI clouds surrounding the disk and the regular kinematics of the inner part of the HI disk are not unusual for early-type galaxies. The growing evidence that mergers are not necessarily responsible for AGN activity fits with the observational result that the recent merger event in Centaurus A is not connected to the current phase of activity. Based on these results, we conclude that Centaurus A has typical neutral hydrogen properties for an early-type and radio galaxy and it can therefore - from an HI perspective - be seen as a typical example of its class.Comment: submitted to PASA; 7 pages, 4 figure

    Fast Outflows of Neutral Hydrogen in Radio Galaxies

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    AGN activity is known to drive fast outflows of gas. We report the discovery of fast outflows of neutral gas with velocities over 1000 km/s in a number of radio galaxies. In the best studied object, 3C~293, the kinematical properties of the neutral and ionised outflows are similar, indicating a common origin. Moreover, the outflow appears to be located near the radio lobes and not near the nucleus. This suggests that the interaction between the radio jet and the ISM is driving the outflow.Comment: To appear in the proceedings of IAU Symposium 222,"The Interplay among Black Holes, Stars and ISM in Galactic Nuclei", eds Storchi-Bergmann et al; 2 pages, 1 figur

    Gas outflows in radio galaxies

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    We present a summary of our recent results on gas outflows in radio galaxies. Fast outflows (up to 2000 km/s) have been detected both in ionized and neutral gas. The latter is particularly surprising as it shows that, despite the extremely energetic phenomena occurring near an AGN, some of the outflowing gas remains, or becomes again, neutral. These results are giving new and important insights on the physical conditions of the gaseous medium around an AGN.Comment: To appear in the proceedings of the IAU Symposium #217, Recycling Intergalactic and Interstellar Matter, eds. P.-A. Duc, J. Braine, and E. Brinks, 6 pages. The full paper with high resolution images can be downloaded from http://www.astron.nl/~morganti/Papers/outflows.ps.g

    IC5063: AGN driven outflow of warm and cold gas

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    We present new ATCA 17- and 24-GHz radio images and ESO-NTT optical spectra of the radio-loud Seyfert galaxy IC5063, the first galaxy in which a fast (~ 600 km/s) outflow of neutral hydrogen was discovered. The new radio data confirm the triple radio structure with a central core and two resolved radio lobes. This implies that the previously detected fast outflow of neutral gas is occurring off-nucleus, near a radio lobe about 0.5 kpc from the core. The ionised gas shows complex kinematics in the region co-spatial with the radio emission. Broad and blueshifted (~ 500 km/s) emission is observed in the region of the radio lobe, at the same location as the blueshifted HI absorption. The velocity of the ionised outflow is similar to the one found in HI. The first order correspondence between the radio and optical properties suggests that the outflow is driven by the interaction between the radio jet and the ISM. Despite the high outflow velocities, no evidence is found for the ionisation of the gas being due to fast shocks in the region of the outflow, indicating that photoionisation from the AGN is likely to be the dominant ionisation mechanism. The outflow rate of the warm (ionised) gas is small compared to that of the cold gas. The mass outflow rate associated with the HI is in the same range as for ``mild'' starburst-driven superwinds in ULIRGs. However, in IC5063, the AGN-driven outflow appears to be limited to the inner kpc region of the galaxy. The kinetic power associated with the HI outflow is a small fraction (a few x 10^-4) of the Eddington luminosity of the galaxy but is a significant fraction (~ 0.1) of the nuclear bolometric luminosity. In IC5063, the outflows may have sufficient kinetic power to have a significant impact on the evolution of the ISM in the host galaxy.Comment: Accepted for publication in A&A, 11 pages, 8 figure

    The dust masses of powerful radio galaxies: clues to the triggering of their activity

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    We use deep Herschel Space Observatory observations of a 90% complete sample of 32 intermediate-redshift 2Jy radio galaxies (0.05 < z < 0.7) to estimate the dust masses of their host galaxies and thereby investigate the triggering mechanisms for their quasar-like AGN. The dust masses derived for the radio galaxies (7.2x10^5 < M_d < 2.6x10^8 M_sun) are intermediate between those of quiescent elliptical galaxies on the one hand, and ultra luminous infrared galaxies (ULIRGs) on the other. Consistent with simple models for the co-evolution of supermassive black holes and their host galaxies, these results suggest that most of the radio galaxies represent the late time re-triggering of AGN activity via mergers between the host giant elliptical galaxies and companion galaxies with relatively low gas masses. However, a minority of the radio galaxies in our sample (~20%) have high, ULIRG-like dust masses, along with evidence for prodigious star formation activity. The latter objects are more likely to have been triggered in major, gas-rich mergers that represent a rapid growth phase for both their host galaxies and their supermassive black holes.Comment: 5 pages, 2 figures, accepted for publication in MNRAS Letter
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