233 research outputs found

    The role of cultural values in understanding the challenges faced by female entrepreneurs in Nigeria

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    This article is (c) Emerald Group Publishing and permission has been granted for this version to appear here (http://bura.brunel.ac.uk/handle/2438/4036). Emerald does not grant permission for this article to be further copied/distributed or hosted elsewhere without the express permission from Emerald Group Publishing Limited.Purpose: This paper examines the challenges female entrepreneurs face in the development of their business in the context of Nigeria. In so doing, it addresses a gap in the literature on the experiences of female entrepreneurs in a non-Western context and acknowledges the contribution that women make in this area of work. Design: It draws on survey data from 274 female entrepreneurs currently engaged in their businesses in three states—Lagos (Nigeria’s largest city), Ogun, and Oyo within the south west of Nigeria. Findings: Results indicate that female entrepreneurs are generally confident and resourceful and that they enjoy the challenge of entrepreneurial activity. As in the West, they experience difficulties relating to family commitments and access to finance – as well as problems gaining acceptance and accessing networks. Originality: It is argued that cultural values specific to the situation mean that these challenges, while common to female entrepreneurs in other national contexts, ‘play out’ differentially and that they are experienced with different levels of depth and ‘intensity’. It is also argued that future research might uncover at a deeper level and drawing on qualitative methodology how some of the factors identified are experienced in women’s day to day lives. The paper suggests some policy implications in the form of support for female entrepreneurs in this context

    Freedom and Flexibility: The Work-Family Balance of Single Female Entrepreneurs in Nigeria

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    Purpose – Work-family research has mainly focused on nuclear families, neglecting other types of families, such as single self-employed parents. To what extent does the freedom and flexibility attached to being single and self-employed hinder or enhance single parents’ work family balance? Using role theory as a theoretical lens, this study examines single self-employed parents’ work-family balance. Methodology – Drawing on the accounts of 25 single self-employed parents in Nigeria, the article uses semi-structured interviews to examine how this group achieves work-family balance. Findings – We found that the freedom and flexibility associated with being single and self-employed form a double-edged sword that increases the spate of singlehood and intensifies commitments to work, altogether preventing the participants in the study from achieving work-family balance. The findings also indicate that singlehood and a lack of spousal support cause and exacerbate work-family imbalance for this group. The findings further indicate that the reconstruction of functions, and the recreation of the traditional masculine gender role overwhelm single self-employed women in their entrepreneurial activities, thereby causing a lack of time and the energy required to function well in a family role, thus creating imbalance between the different spheres of life. Research limitations – The extent to which the findings of this research can be generalised is constrained by the limited sample and scope of the research. Practical implications – While literature espouses freedom and flexibility as important ingredients needed to achieve work-family balance, this study shows that they enhance inter-role role conflict. The study suggests creation of private or family time, devoid of work or entrepreneurial engagements, for single female entrepreneurs. This will ensure quality time and energy for the family and for fresh relationship – all of which will impact business positively. Originality/value – Rather than enhancing work-family balance, the freedom and flexibility attached to being single and self-employed remain the main source of work-family imbalance for Nigerian single self-employed parents

    Antidiabetic Potential of the Aqueous Leaf Extract of Cnidoscolus aconitifolius on Streptozotocin (STZ) Induced Diabetes in Wistar Rat Hepatocytes

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    Abstract: Cnidoscolus aconitifolius has been reported to exhibit hypoglycaemic property and hence recommended traditionally for the treatment of diabetes mellitus. However, the effect of Cnidoscolus aconitifolius leaf extract on the biochemical complication of Streptozotocin (STZ) induced-diabetes is yet to be scientifically verified. Body weight changes, blood glucose and serum lipids were assessed as indicators of diabetes severity and complication in this present study. 60 mg/kg body weight of STZ was administered to male Wistar rats intraperitoneally once as a single dose. In a dose dependent manner (100 mg/kg and 200 mg/kg), the aqueous leaf extract were administered orally (by intubation) as single daily dose for a routine period of 21 days. Relative to the control, STZ treatment significantly increased (p<0.05) blood glucose from 90.61±5.9 mg/dL (Control) to 237.70±18.7 mg/dL (STZ group alone). Results further indicated that Cnidoscolus aconitifolius treated group significantly (p<0.05) decreased blood glucose level in a dose dependent manner when compared with STZ induced diabetic group. Coupled with the loss in body weight and disturbed lipid homeostasis (serum total-cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and TAG) in the diabetic group, Cnidoscolus aconitifolius significantly (p<0.05) returned the changes in body weight and lipid profile close to control values. Serum lipids were significantly (p<0.05) decreased except for serum HDL-cholesterol that was increased by the extract when compared with the STZ treated group. The findings obtained from this study suggest that in STZ-induced diabetic rats, aqueous leaf extract of Cnidoscolus aconitifolius may be effective for the treatment of insulin dependent diabetes mellitus