1,633 research outputs found

    Sartre on Embodiment, Touch, and the “Double Sensation”

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    The chapter titled “The Body” in Being and Nothingness offers a groundbreaking, if somewhat neglected, philosophical analysis of embodiment. As part of his “es- say on phenomenological ontology,” he is proposing a new multi-dimensional ontological approach to the body. Sartre’s chapter offers a radical approach to the body and to the ‘flesh’. However, it has not been fully appreciated. Sartre offers three ontological dimensions to embodiment. The first “ontological dimension” addresses the way, as Sartre puts it, “I exist my body.” The second dimension is the manner in which my body is experienced and utilized by the other. This includes my ready-to-hand equipmental engagement with the world and my body as the “tool of tools.” The third dimension is the manner in which “I exist for myself as a body known by the other.” In this paper, I explore Sartre’s original analysis and suggest comparisons with Merleau-Ponty’s account of embodiment. I shall suggest that Sartre offers more discussion on intercorporeality than Merleau-Ponty

    Measuring luminosity at LHCb using elastic diphoton dimuon production

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    We report on an indirect method being used to measure luminosity at LHCb. It involves recording the event rate of elastic diphoton dimuon production. Preliminary MC studies suggest that with 1 fb^{-1} of data this method could provide a luminosity measurement with a precision of better than 2%Comment: Presented at "XVIII International Workshop on Deep-Inelastic Scattering and Related Subjects", (DIS2010) Firenze, 19-23rd April 201

    The dynamic viscoelastic characterisation of the impact behaviour of the GAA sliotar

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    In recent years variability in behaviour of the sliotar, a small leather-bound ball used in the Irish sport of hurling, became evident in championship matches. The current standard has not provided adequate repeatability of ball performance. A new method for assessing the dynamic impact behaviour of approved sliotar cores has been characterised. This test system was developed to measure the performance characteristics, such as coefficient of restitution, deformation and contact time, and the viscoelastic properties of dynamic stiffness and hysteresis energy dissipation. In this paper, the relationship between the viscoelastic properties and the coefficient of restitution is presented

    Diseccionando las experiencias mentales: las reflexiones fenomenológicas de Husserl sobre “Erlebnisen” en “Ideas”

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    What interests us are not the facticities [FaktizitĂ€ten] of consciousness and in-stances of it elapsing [AblĂ€ufe], but ra-ther the problems of its essence [Wesensprobleme], problems which would need to be formulated there. (Husserl, Ideas, § 135, p. 269; Hua III/1 312)In this paper I shall focus on the following matters: (a) what is new in Husserl’s Ideas (b) the need for a transcendental epochĂ© or reduction in order to access the noesi-noema correlation (c) the complex structure of an intentional Erlebnis and some aspects of noesis and noema (d) the eidetic laws Husserl identifies, and, finally, (e) some remarks on the role of the ego in the stream of experiences (Erlebnisstrom).No nos interesan las facticidades [FaktizitĂ€ten] de la conciencia y de sus cursos [AblĂ€ufe], pero sĂ­ los problemas esenciales [Wesensprobleme], que aquĂ­ habrĂ­a que formular. (Husserl, Ideas § 135, p. 412; Hua III/1 312)En el presente artĂ­culo me centrarĂ© en las siguientes cuestiones: (a) que hay de nuevo en las Ideas de Husserl (b) la necesidad de una epochĂ© trascendental o una reducciĂłn para acceder a la correlaciĂłn noesis-noema (c) la estructura compleja de Erlebnis intencional y algunos aspectos de noesis y noema (d) las leyes eidĂ©ticas identificadas por Husserl y, finalmente, (e) algunas observaciones sobre el papel del ego en la corriente de las vivencias (Erlebnissstorm)What interests us are not the facticities [FaktizitĂ€ten] of consciousness and in-stances of it elapsing [AblĂ€ufe], but ra-ther the problems of its essence [Wesensprobleme], problems which would need to be formulated there. (Husserl, Ideas, § 135, p. 269; Hua III/1 312)In this paper I shall focus on the following matters: (a) what is new in Husserl’s Ideas (b) the need for a transcendental epochĂ© or reduction in order to access the noesi-noema correlation (c) the complex structure of an intentional Erlebnis and some aspects of noesis and noema (d) the eidetic laws Husserl identifies, and, finally, (e) some remarks on the role of the ego in the stream of experiences (Erlebnisstrom)

    Husserl and Ricoeur: The Influence of Phenomenology on the Formation of Ricoeur’s Hermeneutics of the ‘Capable Human’

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    The phenomenology of Edmund Husserl had a permanent and profound impact on the philosophical formation of Paul Ricoeur. One could truly say, paraphrasing Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s brilliant 1959 essay ‘The Philosopher and his Shadow’,that Husserl is the philosopher in whose shadow Ricoeur, like Merleau-Ponty, also stands, the thinker to whom he constantly returns. Husserl is Ricoeur’s philosopher of reflection, par excellence. Indeed, Ricoeur always invokes Husserl when he is discussing a paradigmatic instance of contemporary philosophy of ‘reflection’ and also of  descriptive, ‘eidetic’ phenomenology. Indeed, I shall argue in this chapter that Husserl’s influence on Ricoeur was decisive and provided an eidetic, descriptive methodology which is permanently in play, even when it has to be concretized and mediated by hermeneutics, as Ricoeur proposes after 1960

    Viscoelastic impact characterisation of solid sports balls used in the Irish sport of Hurling

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    In recent years, variability in behaviour of the sliotar, a small leather-bound ball used in the Irish sport of hurling, has become evident in championship matches. The inconsistency in performance was attributed to the range of constructions and material compositions of currently approved ball types. With a view to adopting a standard core, a new methodology has been commissioned to assess the dynamic impact behaviour of approved sliotar cores. In this paper, the relationship between the dynamic stiffness and the coefficient of restitution is presented with regard to material properties, ball construction and viscoelastic strain and strain-rate dependencies. The modern polymer ball types were shown to exhibit strain-rate sensitivity, while the performance of the traditional multi-compositional ball types exhibited lesser strain-rate dependence. The traditional balls types were shown to be up to 2.5 times stiffer than the modern ball types, with this finding having implications for ball energy dissipation
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