5 research outputs found

    Viver como uma águia: uma abordagem sensível da trajetória de um imigrante cubano no Canadá

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    This paper proposes a review of the film The Eagle, directed by anthropologists Alexandrine Boudreault-Fournier & Rose Satiko Gitirana Hikiji. It focuses on the contributions of the sensitive approach of the trajectory of a Cuban immigrant in Canada, Miguel Aguila, provided by the use of audiovisual tools. It aims to reflect on the potential of the senses and sensitive perception in the exercise of analyzing social life, and more specifically the issues related to migration, illness and other lived difficulties. It highlights how, by relying on the associative, sensitive and imagetic dimensions around the figure of an eagle, the audiovisual tools can help to expand the field of observation but also the forms of writing the research. They constitute an important contribution in obtaining elements and nuances that escape immediate attention. The sounds and images also allowing a fine reconstitution of these nuances.Este texto prop√Ķe uma resenha do curta metragem The Eagle, realizado pelas antrop√≥logas Alexandrine Boudreault-Fournier & Rose Satiko Gitirana Hikiji. Foca nos aportes da abordagem sens√≠vel da trajet√≥ria de um imigrante cubano no Canad√°, Miguel Aguila,¬† proporcionada pelo uso da ferramenta audiovisual. Objetiva refletir sobre as potencialidades dos sentidos e da percep√ß√£o sens√≠vel no exerc√≠cio de analise da vida social, e mais especificamente das quest√Ķes ligadas √† migra√ß√£o, √† doen√ßa e outras dificuldades vivenciadas. Destaca como, ao se apoiar nas dimens√Ķes associativas, sens√≠veis e imag√©ticas em torno da figura de uma √°guia, as ferramentas audiovisuais podem auxiliar na amplia√ß√£o do campo de observa√ß√£o mas tamb√©m na formas de escrita da pesquisa. Constituem um aporte importante na obten√ß√£o de elementos e nuances que escapam a aten√ß√£o imediata, e na maneira pela qual essas nuances s√£o reconstitu√≠das em sons e imagens

    Democracia e Sa√ļde: reflex√Ķes e desafios frente √† 16¬™ Confer√™ncia Nacional de Sa√ļde

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    Este texto teve por objetivo analisar as caracter√≠sticas e os desafios da 16¬™ Confer√™ncia Nacional de Sa√ļde a partir dos tr√™s eixos tem√°ticos da confer√™ncia: Sa√ļde como direito; Consolida√ß√£o dos princ√≠pios do Sistema √önico de Sa√ļde (SUS); Financiamento adequado e suficiente para o SUS. Diante das iniciativas de desmonte do modelo de seguridade social e dos retrocessos das pol√≠ticas de prote√ß√£o social, a delimita√ß√£o da sa√ļde em sentido ampliado √© fundamental para a defesa do projeto do SUS. Analisamos a proposta da Cobertura Universal de Sa√ļde como alternativa aos sistemas universais. Apresentamos as restri√ß√Ķes da cobertura universal e as amea√ßas que podem significar aos princ√≠pios do SUS. Discutimos a insufici√™ncia do financiamento do SUS e os poss√≠veis agravamentos diante das pol√≠ticas de austeridade fiscal. √Č necess√°rio o fortalecimento da participa√ß√£o social e o monitoramento das propostas aprovadas na confer√™ncia.This text aimed to analyze characteristics and challenges of the 16th Brazilian National Health Conference based on the conference three thematic axes: Health as a right; Consolidation of the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS) principles; Adequate and enough funding for SUS. Given the initiatives to dismantle the social security model and the setbacks of social protection policies, to delimitate health in an expanded sense is essential to defend the SUS project. We analyzed the proposal of Universal Health Coverage as an alternative to universal systems. We then presented the restrictions of universal coverage and how the restrictions can threaten the SUS principles. We also discussed insufficient SUS funding and possible worsening in the face of fiscal austerity policies. To strengthen social participation and to monitor the proposals approved at the conference are necessar

    Community-based interventions for the prevention and control of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis: A systematic review

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    We reviewed the evidence on community-based interventions for the prevention and control of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL). Community initiatives tailored towards awareness and mobilisation are regarded as a priority area in the Neglected Tropical Disease Roadmap 2021‚Äď2030 by the World Health Organization. We searched nine electronic databases for intervention-based studies. Two independent reviewers screened and assessed the articles for methodological quality using predefined criteria. We conducted a meta-analysis using a random effects model, along with narrative synthesis. Thirteen articles were eligible for inclusion, of which 12 were quantitative studies (quasi-experimental with control group and pre-post interventions) and one qualitative study. All articles reported on health education interventions aimed at changing people‚Äôs knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) in relation to CL. Participant groups included students, mothers, housewives, volunteer health workers, and residents in general. An increased score was recorded for all outcomes across all interventions: knowledge (SMD: 1.85, 95% CI: 1.23, 2.47), attitudes (SMD: 1.36, 95% CI: 0.56, 2.15), and practices (SMD: 1.73, 95% CI: 0.99, 2.47). Whilst our findings show that educational interventions improved people‚Äôs knowledge, attitudes, and practices about CL, we argue that this approach is not sufficient for the prevention and control of this disease. Knowledge does not always translate into action, particularly where other structural barriers exist. Therefore, we recommend the design of more innovative community-based interventions with a broader focus (e.g., stigma, financial barriers, and healthcare access

    Community based interventions for the prevention and control of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis : a systematic review

    Get PDF
    We reviewed the evidence on community-based interventions for the prevention and control of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL). Community initiatives tailored towards awareness and mobilisation are regarded as a priority area in the Neglected Tropical Disease Roadmap 2021‚Äď2030 by the World Health Organization. We searched nine electronic databases for intervention-based studies. Two independent reviewers screened and assessed the articles for methodological quality using predefined criteria. We conducted a meta-analysis using a random effects model, along with narrative synthesis. Thirteen articles were eligible for inclusion, of which 12 were quantitative studies (quasi-experimental with control group and pre-post interventions) and one qualitative study. All articles reported on health education interventions aimed at changing people‚Äôs knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) in relation to CL. Participant groups included students, mothers, housewives, volunteer health workers, and residents in general. An increased score was recorded for all outcomes across all interventions: knowledge (SMD: 1.85, 95% CI: 1.23, 2.47), attitudes (SMD: 1.36, 95% CI: 0.56, 2.15), and practices (SMD: 1.73, 95% CI: 0.99, 2.47). Whilst our findings show that educational interventions improved people‚Äôs knowledge, attitudes, and practices about CL, we argue that this approach is not sufficient for the prevention and control of this disease. Knowledge does not always translate into action, particularly where other structural barriers exist. Therefore, we recommend the design of more innovative community-based interventions with a broader focus (e.g., stigma, financial barriers, and healthcare access).peer-reviewe
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