3 research outputs found

    Preventing overtreatment in dentistry: causes, types and how to be avoided

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    Background and objectives. The aim of the study was to identify in the literature the potential causes of overtreatment in dentistry, the most frequent types of overtreatments and recommendations of how to avoid those issues. Materials and methods. A literature search was carried out in the PubMed/Medline, Web of Science and ScienceDirect databases. The search used following keywords: “overtreatment” and “dentistry” for papers published in English until June 2022. Results. 211 results were found in PubMed, 122 in Web of Science and 523 in ScienceDirect. The duplicates, the titles and the abstracts that were not related to the reviewed topic and the papers not available in full text were excluded. 27 papers were selected and included in this study. From the 27 papers selected 7 were Clinical research, 7 questionnaire-based studies, 5 case reports, 8 review articles. Conclusions: Most of the analyzed overtreatments in the literature were unintentionally performed except for those related to the financial gain and business development. The research revealed that the overtreatments or overdiagnosis were in general due directly or indirectly to the lake of knowledge of the practitioner. It is important to know and to identify the causes of possible overtreatments as early as possible and acting ethically to achieve good results in avoiding them

    Modernism-context and Overlooked Literary Manifestations

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    The following paper discusses the emergence and characteristics of modernism, a dominant trend in art and culture that emerged in the late 19th century. Modernism encompasses various aspects of culture, including high art, criticism, city planning, and more. In literature, modernism represents a reaction against the conventions of realist narrative, moving away from traditional storytelling and embracing new techniques such as interior monologue and showing instead of telling. The research explores the debate on whether modernism has come to an end. Critics argue that it ended around 1930, while others disagree, pointing to the continued emergence of literary studies on modernism and its influence on various literary theories. The concept of modernism is discussed in an interdisciplinary context, encompassing various artistic currents, including symbolism, impressionism, expressionism, and more. The paper also touches upon the development of modernism in different art forms like visual arts, music, and architecture, and its influence on the concept of the “Bauhaus” movement. Furthermore, the paper discusses the Harlem Renaissance, a cultural movement centered in Harlem, New York, during the early 20th century. It highlights prominent figures of the movement, such as Langston Hughes, Zora Neale Hurston, and Richard Bruce Nugent, who expressed African American life and culture through various forms of art. The impact of mass culture on modernism is also explored, with references to Mathew Arnold’s concept of culture and anarchy and F.R. Leavis’ criticism of mass civilization and its effect on authentic feeling and responsible thinking. Overall, the paper provides and overview of modernism’s multifaceted nature, its influence on various art forms, and its interaction with societal and cultural shifts during the 20th century

    Photodynamic Therapy with Natural Photosensitizers in the Management of Periodontal Disease Induced in Rats

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    This study aims to investigate the effect of new natural photosensitizers (PS) (based on oregano essential oil, curcuma extract, and arnica oil) through in vitro cytotoxicity and biological tests in rat-induced periodontal disease, treated with photodynamic therapy (aPDT). The cytotoxicity of PS was performed on human dental pulp mesenchymal stem cells (dMSCs) and human keratinocyte (HaCaT) cell lines. Periodontal disease was induced by ligation of the first mandibular molar of 25 rats, which were divided into 5 groups: control group, periodontitis group, Curcuma and aPDT-treated group, oregano and aPDT-treated group, and aPDT group. The animals were euthanized after 4 weeks of study. Computed tomography imaging has been used to evaluate alveolar bone loss. Hematological and histological evaluation showed a greater magnitude of the inflammatory response and severe destruction of the periodontal ligaments in the untreated group.. For the group with the induced periodontitis and treated with natural photosensitizers, the aPDT improved the results; this therapy could be an important adjuvant treatment. The obtained results of these preliminary studies encourage us to continue the research of periodontitis treated with natural photosensitizers activated by photodynamic therapy