7 research outputs found

    A model of intra-annual flow distribution with scanty observational data

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    A model of intra-annual (mean annual and mean monthly) flow distribution and methods of its application to reconstructing the zonal runoff in West Siberia Plain are developed with scanty initial information. Analysis of the results shows that the model allows us to satisfactorily describe the observable changes in the total runoff and its groundwater component. The observed increase in the groundwater levels in the taiga zone of Western Siberia may occur even with decreasing annual precipitation. Increasing air temperature at the beginning and end of the winter period leads to an increase in the underground runoff. In addition, during the winter period the average air temperature increases and, as a consequence, the soil ice content decreases and the filtration properties of the soil increase

    A model of intra-annual flow distribution with scanty observational data

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    A model of intra-annual (mean annual and mean monthly) flow distribution and methods of its application to reconstructing the zonal runoff in West Siberia Plain are developed with scanty initial information. Analysis of the results shows that the model allows us to satisfactorily describe the observable changes in the total runoff and its groundwater component. The observed increase in the groundwater levels in the taiga zone of Western Siberia may occur even with decreasing annual precipitation. Increasing air temperature at the beginning and end of the winter period leads to an increase in the underground runoff. In addition, during the winter period the average air temperature increases and, as a consequence, the soil ice content decreases and the filtration properties of the soil increase

    Techno-science in information society

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    Science is a potential that provides intelligent and productive power of society. Therefore, it is important to study the changes and transformations taking place in science and scientific knowledge, thus, the study of such phenomenon as techno-science is vital. The paper deals with the development of techno-science that indicates a change in the epistemological scheme of modern scientific knowledge. The key element of these changes are associated with the following characteristics such as the interdisciplinary technoscience, externalism, constructivism and purely pragmatic orientation implemented on the basis of technology platforms in the unity of university, business and the state. It is established that in the information society techno-science expands the range of community initiatives contributing to the formation and development of civil society as well as optimization and comfort of everyday life

    Change of climate conditions in the forest area of South Yakutia

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    A statistical analysis of meteorological parameters which influence the intensity of exogenous processes in the forest area of South Yakutia has been performed. The indicated increase in mean annual air and soil temperature rates occurred non-uniformly. Annual precipitation increase was due to precipitation rates in cold or transitional seasons; increase in snow cover depth and decrease in diurnal air temperature range was observed in cold season

    The essence of social epistemology

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    The relevance of the presented research is explained by the fact that in the conditions of the modern "knowledge society" a new interpretation of the classical epistemological subjects is required based on the formation of a new paradigm of knowledge. Social epistemology appears as a program of modern non-classical epistemology. In this regard, the purpose of the study is to study the essence of social epistemology. Analyzing the phenomenon of social epistemology, it was possible to reveal that social epistemology is a philosophical and interdisciplinary teaching about cognition aimed at studying knowledge in a sociocultural context. As a discipline, social epistemology, which arose in the second half of the 20th century, develops new approaches to the study of the phenomenon of knowledge. Nowadays, two competing approaches have emerged: classical, involving the study of social practices in terms of their impact on the process of acquiring true knowledge and non-classical, focusing on the study of social determination and the socialhistorical relativity of beliefs of any kind not paying attention to their truth and rationality. However, modern foreign and domestic researchers do not accept the dichotomy of "rational" - "social" and propose to overview the program of social epistemology and integrate these two aspects

    The essence of social epistemology

    Get PDF
    The relevance of the presented research is explained by the fact that in the conditions of the modern "knowledge society" a new interpretation of the classical epistemological subjects is required based on the formation of a new paradigm of knowledge. Social epistemology appears as a program of modern non-classical epistemology. In this regard, the purpose of the study is to study the essence of social epistemology. Analyzing the phenomenon of social epistemology, it was possible to reveal that social epistemology is a philosophical and interdisciplinary teaching about cognition aimed at studying knowledge in a sociocultural context. As a discipline, social epistemology, which arose in the second half of the 20th century, develops new approaches to the study of the phenomenon of knowledge. Nowadays, two competing approaches have emerged: classical, involving the study of social practices in terms of their impact on the process of acquiring true knowledge and non-classical, focusing on the study of social determination and the socialhistorical relativity of beliefs of any kind not paying attention to their truth and rationality. However, modern foreign and domestic researchers do not accept the dichotomy of "rational" - "social" and propose to overview the program of social epistemology and integrate these two aspects

    Climatic features and statistical evaluation of climate change in permafrost regions in the north of Western Siberia

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    The relevance of the research is related to the necessity to assess climate changes affecting the permafrost due to the possible growth of greenhouse gas emissions and increase of accident rate in industrial, oil and gas infrastructure at permafrost thawing. The aim of the research is to estimate the current changes in climate characteristics, which affect directly the thermal state of soils in permafrost areas in the north of Western Siberia. Methods. Analysis of long-term changes of meteorological data consisted of tests of null hypothesis of randomness and homogeneity of observation series and trend presence. The homogeneity test was carried out using the Abbe test, the test of randomness was carried out by Pitman criterion, the trend presence was checked using the criterion of inversions. The conclusion on nonrandom change or violation of the homogeneity of rows corresponded to the condition, when the modulus of the estimated statistics exceeded the corresponding critical value at significance level of 0,05. Results. The paper considers the climatic features in the north of Western Siberia and its variability in recent years. The analysis of temperature changes of air and soil at depths of 160 and 320 cm, the amount of precipitation and snow cover based on the instrumental data for the last 35 years has shown that air temperature continues rising in the warmer months, soil temperature increases throughout the year. The authors have revealed zonal character of changes in the amount of precipitation and snow cover. Microclimatic changes in characteristic of meteorological values can distort the real picture of climate change
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