3,187 research outputs found

### Taub-NUT space as a counterexample to almost anything Technical report no. 529

Taub-NUT space as countermeasure to almost anything - Einstein equation, classical mechanics, and differential equation

### Spherical Harmonic Decomposition on a Cubic Grid

A method is described by which a function defined on a cubic grid (as from a
finite difference solution of a partial differential equation) can be resolved
into spherical harmonic components at some fixed radius. This has applications
to the treatment of boundary conditions imposed at radii larger than the size
of the grid, following Abrahams, Rezzola, Rupright et al.(gr-qc/9709082}. In
the method described here, the interpolation of the grid data to the
integration 2-sphere is combined in the same step as the integrations to
extract the spherical harmonic amplitudes, which become sums over grid points.
Coordinates adapted to the integration sphere are not needed.Comment: 5 pages, LaTeX uses cjour.cls (supplied

### Integration over connections in the discretized gravitational functional integrals

The result of performing integrations over connection type variables in the
path integral for the discrete field theory may be poorly defined in the case
of non-compact gauge group with the Haar measure exponentially growing in some
directions. This point is studied in the case of the discrete form of the first
order formulation of the Einstein gravity theory. Here the result of interest
can be defined as generalized function (of the rest of variables of the type of
tetrad or elementary areas) i. e. a functional on a set of probe functions. To
define this functional, we calculate its values on the products of components
of the area tensors, the so-called moments. The resulting distribution (in
fact, probability distribution) has singular ($\delta$-function-like) part with
support in the nonphysical region of the complex plane of area tensors and
regular part (usual function) which decays exponentially at large areas. As we
discuss, this also provides suppression of large edge lengths which is
important for internal consistency, if one asks whether gravity on short
distances can be discrete. Some another features of the obtained probability
distribution including occurrence of the local maxima at a number of the
approximately equidistant values of area are also considered.Comment: 22 page

### Quantum nature of black holes

I reconsider Hawking's analysis of the effects of gravitational collapse on
quantum fields, taking into account interactions between the fields. The
ultra-high energy vacuum fluctuations, which had been considered to be an
awkward peripheral feature of the analysis, are shown to play a key role. By
interactions, they can scatter particles to, or create pairs of particle at,
ultra-high energies. The energies rapidly become so great that quantum gravity
must play a dominant role. Thus the vicinities of black holes are essentially
quantum-gravitational regimes.Comment: 7 pages, 5 figures. Honorable mention in the 2004 Gravity Research
Foundation Essay Competitio

### Holography and non-locality in a closed vacuum-dominated universe

A closed vacuum-dominated Friedmann universe is asymptotic to a de Sitter
space with a cosmological event horizon for any observer. The holographic
principle says the area of the horizon in Planck units determines the number of
bits of information about the universe that will ever be available to any
observer. The wavefunction describing the probability distribution of mass
quanta associated with bits of information on the horizon is the boundary
condition for the wavefunction specifying the probability distribution of mass
quanta throughout the universe. Local interactions between mass quanta in the
universe cause quantum transitions in the wavefunction specifying the
distribution of mass throughout the universe, with instantaneous non-local
effects throughout the universe.Comment: 4 pages, no figures, to be published in Int. J. Theor. Phys,
references correcte

### On the Thermodynamics of NUT charged spaces

We discuss and compare at length the results of two methods used recently to
describe the thermodynamics of Taub-NUT solutions in a deSitter background. In
the first approach (\mathbb{% C}-approach), one deals with an analytically
continued version of the metric while in the second approach
($\mathbb{R}$-approach), the discussion is carried out using the unmodified
metric with Lorentzian signature. No analytic continuation is performed on the
coordinates and/or the parameters that appear in the metric. We find that the
results of both these approaches are completely equivalent modulo analytic
continuation and we provide the exact prescription that relates the results in
both methods. The extension of these results to the AdS/flat cases aims to give
a physical interpretation of the thermodynamics of nut-charged spacetimes in
the Lorentzian sector. We also briefly discuss the higher dimensional spaces
and note that, analogous with the absence of hyperbolic nuts in AdS
backgrounds, there are no spherical Taub-Nut-dS solutions.Comment: 35pages, 4 figures. v.4 references added,few typos corrected, to
appear in Phys. Rev.

### The Dynamics of General Relativity

This article--summarizing the authors' then novel formulation of General
Relativity--appeared as Chapter 7 of an often cited compendium edited by L.
Witten in 1962, which is now long out of print. Intentionally unretouched, this
posting is intended to provide contemporary accessibility to the flavor of the
original ideas. Some typographical corrections have been made: footnote and
page numbering have changed--but not section nor equation numbering etc. The
authors' current institutional affiliations are encoded in:
[email protected], [email protected], [email protected] .Comment: 30 pages (LaTeX2e), uses amsfonts, no figure

### Gravitomagnetic time delay and the Lense-Thirring effect in Brans-Dicke theory of gravity

We discuss the gravitomagnetic time delay and the Lense-Thirring effect in
the context of Brans-Dicke theory of gravity. We compare the theoretical
results obtained with those predicted by general relativity. We show that
within the accuracy of experiments designed to measure these effects both
theories predict essentially the same result.Comment: 10 pages Typeset using REVTE

### Notes on Spinoptics in a Stationary Spacetime

In arXiv:1105.5629, equations of the modified geometrical optics for
circularly polarized photon trajectories in a stationary spacetime are derived
by using a (1+3)-decomposed form of Maxwell's equations. We derive the same
results by using a four-dimensional covariant description. In our procedure,
the null nature of the modified photon trajectory naturally appears and the
energy flux is apparently null. We find that, in contrast to the standard
geometrical optics, the inner product of the stationary Killing vector and the
tangent null vector to the modified photon trajectory is no longer a conserved
quantity along light paths. This quantity is furthermore different for left and
right handed photon. A similar analysis is performed for gravitational waves
and an additional factor of 2 appears in the modification due to the spin-2
nature of gravitational waves.Comment: 15 pages, to appear in PR

### A new time-machine model with compact vacuum core

We present a class of curved-spacetime vacuum solutions which develope closed
timelike curves at some particular moment. We then use these vacuum solutions
to construct a time-machine model. The causality violation occurs inside an
empty torus, which constitutes the time-machine core. The matter field
surrounding this empty torus satisfies the weak, dominant, and strong energy
conditions. The model is regular, asymptotically-flat, and
topologically-trivial. Stability remains the main open question.Comment: 7 page

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