537 research outputs found

    Time Dependent Pairing Equations for Seniority One Nuclear Systems

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    When the time dependent Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov intrinsic equations of motion are solved in the case of seniority one nuclear systems, the unpaired nucleon remains on the same orbital. The blocking effect hinders the possibility to skip from one orbital to another. This unpleasant feature is by-passed with a new set of pairing time dependent equations that allows the possibility that the unpaired nucleon changes its single-particle level. These equations generalize the time dependent Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov equations of motion by including the Landau-Zener effect. The derivation of these new equations is presented in details. These equations are applied in the case of a superasymmetric fission process, that is, in order to explain the fine structure the 14C emission from 233Ra. A new version of the Woods-Saxon model extended for two-center potentials is used in this context.Comment: 12 pages, 6 figure

    Pairing gaps and Fermi energies at scission for 296Lv alpha-decay

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    The pairing corrections, the single particle occupation numbers, are investigated within density-dependent delta interaction formalism for pairing residual interactions. The potential barrier is computed in the framework of the macroscopic-microscopic model. The microscopic part is based on the Woods-Saxon two center shell model. The alpha-decay of a superheavy element is treated, by paying a special attention to the region of the scission configurations. The sequence of nuclear shapes follows the superasymmetric fission path for alpha decay. It was found that the pairing gaps of the states that reach asymptotically the potential well of the alpha particle have large values at scission but become zero after scission. The 1s1/2 single particle levels of the nascent alpha particle are fully occupied while the superior levels are empties in the scission region and remains in the same states during the penetration of the Coulomb barrier. The projection of the numbers of particle on the two fragments are obtained naturally. At scission, the nascent alpha particle forms a very bound cluster

    New dynamical pair breaking effect

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    A dynamical pair breaking effect is evidenced at very low excitation energies. For this purpose, a new set of time-dependent coupled channel equations for pair-breaking in superfluid systems are deduced from the variational principle. These equations give the probability to destroy or to create a Cooper pair under the action of some perturbations or when the mean field varies in time. The odd-even effect in fission is investigated within the model as an example. For this purpose, the time-dependent probability to find the system in a seniority-one or in a seniority-two state is restricted in the sense that the perturbations are considered only in the avoided crossing regions.Comment: 6 pages, 3 figure

    Fine structure of alpha decay in odd nuclei

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    Using an alpha decay level scheme, an explanation for the fine structure in odd nuclei is evidenced by taking into account the radial and rotational couplings between the unpaired nucleon and the core of the decaying system. It is stated that the experimental behavior of the alpha decay fine structure phenomenon is directed by the dynamical characteristics of the system.Comment: 8 pages, 3 figures, REVTex, submitted to Physical Review

    Threshold Resonant Structure of the 232Th Neutron-Induced Fission Cross Section

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    The structures observed in the sub-threshold neutron-induced fission of ^{232}Th were investigated employing a recent developed model. Theoretical single-particle excitations of a phenomenological two-humped barrier are determined by solving a system of coupled differential equations for the motion along the optimal fission path. A rather good agreement with experimental data was obtained using a small number of independent parameters. It is predicted that the structure at 1.4 and 1.6 MeV is mainly dominated by spin 3/2 partial cross-section with small admixture of spin 1/2, while the structure at 1.7 MeV is given by a large partial cross section of spin 5/2.Comment: 17 pages 11 figure

    Fine structure of the 0.7 MeV resonance in the 230Th neutron--induced cross section

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    The fine structure of the 0.7 MeV resonance in the 230Th neutron-induced cross section is investigated within the hybrid model. A very good agreement with experimental data is obtained. It is suggested that fine structure of the cross section quantify the changes of the intrinsic states of the nucleus during the disintegration process.Comment: 7 pages, 5 figure
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