6,134 research outputs found

    The interaction between a superconducting vortex and an out-of-plane magnetized ferromagnetic disk: influence of the magnet geometry

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    The interaction between a superconducting vortex in a type II superconducting film (SC) and a ferromagnet (FM) with out-of-plane magnetization is investigated theoretically within the London approximation. The dependence of the interaction energy on the FM-vortex distance, film thickness and different geometries of the magnetic structures: disk, annulus(ring), square and triangle are calculated. Analytic expressions and vectorplots of the current induced in the SC due to the presence of the FM are presented. For a FM disk with a cavity, we show that different local minima for the vortex position are possible, enabling the system to be suitable to act as a qubit. For FMs with sharp edges, like e.g. for squares and triangles, the vortex prefers to enter its equilibrium position along the corners of the magnet.Comment: Preprint, 10 pages, 10 figures, submitted to Phys. Rev.

    Field-enhanced critical parameters in magnetically nanostructured superconductors

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    Within the phenomenological Ginzburg-Landau theory, we demonstrate the enhancement of superconductivity in a superconducting film, when nanostructured by a lattice of magnetic particles. Arrays of out-of-plane magnetized dots (MDs) extend the critical magnetic field and critical current the sample can sustain, due to the interaction of the vortex-antivortex pairs and surrounding supercurrents induced by the dots and the external flux lines. Depending on the stability of the vortex-antivortex lattice, a peak in the Hext-T boundary is found for applied integer and rational matching fields, which agrees with recent experiments [Lange et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 197006 (2003)]. Due to compensation of MDs- and Hext-induced currents, we predict the field-shifted jc-Hext characteristics, as was actually realized in previous experiment but not commented on [Morgan and Ketterson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3614 (1998)].Comment: 8 pages, 5 figures, to appear in Europhysics Letter

    Fluxonic Cellular Automata

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    We formulate a new concept for computing with quantum cellular automata composed of arrays of nanostructured superconducting devices. The logic states are defined by the position of two trapped flux quanta (vortices) in a 2x2 blind-hole-matrix etched on a mesoscopic superconducting square. Such small computational unit-cells are well within reach of current fabrication technology. In an array of unit-cells, the vortex configuration of one cell influences the penetrating flux lines in the neighboring cell through the screening currents. Alternatively, in conjoined cells, the information transfer can be strengthened by the interactions between the supercurrents in adjacent cells. Here we present the functioning logic gates based on this fluxonic cellular automata (FCA), where the logic operations are verified through theoretical simulations performed in the framework of the time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau theory. The input signals are defined by current loops placed on top of the two diagonal blind holes of the input cell. For given current-polarization, external flux lines are attracted or repelled by the loops, forming the '0' or '1' configuration. The read-out technology may be chosen from a large variety of modern vortex imaging methods, transport and LDOS measurements.Comment: Featured on the cover page of APL, November 2007 issu

    Evolution of multi-gap superconductivity in the atomically thin limit: Strain-enhanced three-gap superconductivity in monolayer MgB2_2

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    Starting from first principles, we show the formation and evolution of superconducting gaps in MgB2_2 at its ultrathin limit. Atomically thin MgB2_2 is distinctly different from bulk MgB2_2 in that surface states become comparable in electronic density to the bulk-like σ\sigma- and π\pi-bands. Combining the ab initio electron-phonon coupling with the anisotropic Eliashberg equations, we show that monolayer MgB2_2 develops three distinct superconducting gaps, on completely separate parts of the Fermi surface due to the emergent surface contribution. These gaps hybridize nontrivially with every extra monolayer added to the film, owing to the opening of additional coupling channels. Furthermore, we reveal that the three-gap superconductivity in monolayer MgB2_2 is robust over the entire temperature range that stretches up to a considerably high critical temperature of 20 K. The latter can be boosted to >>50 K under biaxial tensile strain of \sim 4\%, which is an enhancement stronger than in any other graphene-related superconductor known to date.Comment: To appear in Phys. Re

    Irreducible Representations of Diperiodic Groups

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    The irreducible representations of all of the 80 diperiodic groups, being the symmetries of the systems translationally periodical in two directions, are calculated. To this end, each of these groups is factorized as the product of a generalized translational group and an axial point group. The results are presented in the form of the tables, containing the matrices of the irreducible representations of the generators of the groups. General properties and some physical applications (degeneracy and topology of the energy bands, selection rules, etc.) are discussed.Comment: 30 pages, 5 figures, 28 tables, 18 refs, LaTex2.0

    Tunable magnon topology in monolayer CrI3_\mathbf{3} under external stimuli

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    Two-dimensional (2D) honeycomb ferromagnets, such as monolayer chromium-trihalides, are predicted to behave as topological magnon insulators - characterized by an insulating bulk and topologically protected edge states, giving rise to a thermal magnon Hall effect. Here we report the behavior of the topological magnons in monolayer CrI3_3 under external stimuli, including biaxial and uniaxial strain, electric gating, as well as in-plane and out-of-plane magnetic field, revealing that one can thereby tailor the magnetic states as well as the size and the topology of the magnonic bandgap. These findings broaden the perspective of using 2D magnetic materials to design topological magnonic devices

    Enhancing superconductivity in MXenes through hydrogenation

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    Two-dimensional transition metal carbides and nitrides (MXenes) are an emerging class of atomically-thin superconductors, whose characteristics are highly prone to tailoring by surface functionalization. Here we explore the use of hydrogen adatoms to enhance phonon-mediated superconductivity in MXenes, based on first-principles calculations combined with Eliashberg theory. We first demonstrate the stability of three different structural models of hydrogenated Mo- and W-based MXenes. Particularly high critical temperatures of over 30 K are obtained for hydrogenated Mo2_2N and W2_2N. Several mechanisms responsible for the enhanced electron-phonon coupling are uncovered, namely (i) hydrogen-induced changes in the phonon spectrum of the host MXene, (ii) emerging hydrogen-based phonon modes, and (iii) charge transfer from hydrogen to the MXene layer, boosting the density of states at the Fermi level. Finally, we demonstrate that hydrogen adatoms are moreover able to induce superconductivity in MXenes that are not superconducting in pristine form, such as Nb2_2C
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