5 research outputs found

    RELASI BONDING DALAM MASYARAKAT BINAAN CSR (Studi Deskriptif Interpretif Relasi Sosial Masyarakat Binaan CSR PT Pertamina RU II Sungai Pakning di Kabupaten Bengkalis)

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    Abstrak. Penelitian ini beranjak dari terbatasnya kajian CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility) yang berorientasi pada masyarakat penerima manfaat yang ada di Indonesia. Teori yang diadaptasi dalam penelitian ini adalah teori modal sosial yang dikemukakan oleh Woolcock & Narayan. Metode penelitian dalam penelitian ini adalah kualitatif dengan pendekatan deskriptif interpretif model Neuman. Penelitian ini menelaah bentuk modal sosial dalam bentuk relasi sosial bonding yang ada di masyarakat. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa relasi bonding terdapat dalam pola-pola relasi dalam masyarakat binaan yang menunjukkan bahwa ikatan intra kelompok penting untuk diperhatikan guna menjaga kekompakan kelompok. Hasil ini menunjukkan bahwa bentuk relasi sosial bonding memiliki dampak yang penting terhadap pelaksanaan CSR di suatu perusahaan. Relasi ini penting untuk dijaga melalui kegiatan komunikasi dialogis yang bertujuan untuk pembangunan yang dilakukan melalui cara-cara yang lebih intensif, terbuka dan partisipatif guna melahirkan relasi sosial yang sehat dan berkelanjutan. Kata kunci:   CSR; komunikasi pembangunan; modal sosial; relasi bondingAbstract. This research moved from the limited study of CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility) oriented to beneficiary communities in Indonesia. The theory adapted in this study is the theory of social capital proposed by Woolcock & Narayan. The research method in this study was qualitative with the interpretive descriptive approach of the Neuman model. This research examines forms of social capital in form of social relations that exist in society. The results of this study indicate that there are form of social relations that exist in society, namely bonding relations. Bonding relations show that intra-group bonds are important to consider in order to maintain group cohesiveness. These results indicate that the form of social relations have an important impact on the implementation of CSR in a company. This relation is important to be maintained through communication activities aimed at development carried out through more intensive, open and participatory ways in order to create Health and sustainable Social relations.  Keywords: CSR; Development Communication; Social Capital; Bonding Relations

    Pemberdayaan Masyarakat sebagai Strategi Resolusi Konflik Sosial

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    Pengelolaan konflik dalam tata kelola pemangku kepentingan (stakeholders) merupakan salah satu instrument penting yang menjamin keberlanjutan organisasi. Dalam konteks Pertamina Refinery Unit II Production Sungai Pakning sebagai salah satu perusahaan pengolahan minyak dan gas yang beroperasi di wilayah Bukit Batu, Bengkalis, Riau dengan karakteristik masyarakat pedesaan, pengelolaan konflik sosial menjadi krusial karena tidak hanya untuk menjaga kehandalan operasional pengolahan minyak dan gas namun juga keberlanjutan perusahaan baik dari sisi sosial, ekonomi dan lingkungan. Pemberdayaan masyarakat yang dilakukan dalam kerangka tanggung jawab sosial lingkungan (TJSL) atau yang lebih dikenal denganCorporate Social Responsibility (CSR) merupakan salah satu strategi dalam resolusi dan mitigasi konflik sosial. Keberadaan program pemberdayaan masyarakat yang dilakukan oleh perusahaan kepada masyarakat yang berada di sekitar wilayah operasional dijalankan secara partisipatif mulai dari perencanaan, pelaksanaan hingga pengawasan dan evaluasi sehingga mampu melibatkan peran aktif pemangku kepentingan, terutama masyarakat. Hasilnya, selama pelaksanaan program pemberdayaan masyarakat dari tahun 2017 sampai dengan 2018, tidak hanya mampu meningkatkan kualitas kesejahteraan masyarakat namun juga kecenderungan menurunnya jumlah kasus dan konflik sosial dengan masyarakat. Selain itu, pelaksanaan program pemberdayaan masyarakat yang partisipatif juga mampu menjadi upaya mitigatif untuk mengelola hubungan dengan masyarakat dan pemangku kepentingan sebelum berakhir menjadi konflik sosial. Dampaknya secara keberlanjutan, hubungan sosial antara perusahaan dan masyarakat terbina dengan baik, kesejahteraan ekonomi masyarakat binaan meningkat, serta kualitas lingkungan hidup meningkat berkat adanya program pemberdayaan masyarakat

    Bonding, bridging and linking relationships of the CSR target communities of PT Pertamina Refinery Unit II Sungai Pakning

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    PT Pertamina (Persero) Sungai Pakning Refinery Unit II as one of Indonesia's state-owned oil and gas companies has contributed to the empowerment of communities around its operational areas through the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) scheme. In carrying out CSR programs, the company pays attention to the social relations of the target communities. This study focuses on analyzing the forms of social relations of the CSR target communities and their impacts on the implementation of CSR programs of PT Pertamina (Persero) Refinery Unit II Sungai Pakning. Social relations in this study are defined into three forms of relations, namely bonding, bridging and linking, each of which has different impacts on the social conditions of the beneficiary communities. This research is based on qualitative approach, conducted in three target communities in different areas within Bengkalis Regency, Riau Province, namely Sungai Pakning Village, Sungai Selari Village, and Pangkalan Jambi Village, during the period of 2017-2018. The data were collected through in-depth interviews, observations, and documentations. The study finds various forms of social relations. Bonding relations show that intra-group bonds are important to maintain group cohesiveness. Bridging relations show that ties between groups need to be developed in order to connect each others and work together. While the linking relationships show that there is a good impact for groups that have closer relationships with the higher power institutions. These results indicate that the forms of social relations have important impacts on the implementation of CSR programs and need to be maintained through participatory communication activities in order to create sustainable social relations. This study also finds that good social relations will be strong support to raise community awareness and participation in practicing sustainable environmental management

    Realizing Gender Equality in Coastal Areas: Conservation of Critical Land and Empowerment of Women

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    The conversion of mangroves into shrimp ponds occurred in the coastal area of Kampung Beting, Pantai Bahagia Village, Bekasi Regency, West Java Province, Indonesia, in the period 1990–2010. High income from shrimp ponds makes people ignore the ecological functions of mangrove forests, one of which is to prevent abrasion. However, since 2010, the destruction of hundreds of hectares of mangrove forests, worsened by climate change that hits almost the whole world, especially island countries like Indonesia, has submerged the shrimp ponds in Pantai Bahagia Village with sea water. Now, not only the shrimp ponds as their major income have disappeared, but also their living space is also threatened by severe abrasion. Gender inequality and the marginalized role of coastal women also make the socio-economic conditions of the community become worse. This study observes the role of women in Pantai Bahagia Village in responding to environmental and socio-economic problems in their area. This study uses a phenomenological approach, data is collected through observation, interviews, and documentation. The results of the study show that women's empowerment plays a role in conserving critical land. Women's responses to environmental problems in their area include: 1) creating changes in women's awareness and behavior as an effort to repair and restore damaged mangrove land, and 2) carrying out activities to protect mangrove plants. Women's responses to socio-economic problems include 1) women's active involvement in productive economic activities 2) Utilization of non-timber mangrove products in processed food and crafts. Finally, this study recommends a concept to address critical coastal land issues, namely by involving women in various activities, both nature conservation and empowerment activities

    Community Development Model by Corporate Social Responsibility in Indonesia: A Systematic Literature Review

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    Community empowerment is one form of implementation of corporate social responsibility (CSR) carried out by companies. In its implementation, there are various models and strategies that can be used to support implementation. In Indonesia, the study of community empowerment by companies has become a new tradition in the development of CSR models. In the last decade, various models of community empowerment by companies have developed resulting from research related to CSR, especially those that examine community empowerment. This research is a systematic literature review to analyze the model of community empowerment by companies that are reviewed based on dissertation research sources published in the 2013-2020 period by Sebelas Maret University. There are 9 dissertation studies that were analyzed to find a synthesis of community empowerment models in corporate social responsibility programs. The majority of the studies were conducted in case studies with a qualitative approach. The findings of this study are that the model of community empowerment by companies in Indonesia is developed based on the “local context” and “actor relations” that exist within the scope of the community empowerment program
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