213 research outputs found

    Antitumor Agents 6. Synthesis, Structure-Activity Relationships, and Biological Evaluation of Spiro[imidazolidine-4,3′-thieno[2,3-g]quinoline]-tetraones and Spiro[thieno[2,3-g]quinoline-3,5′- [1,2,4]triazinane]-tetraones with Potent Antiproliferative Activity†

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    Two series of quinolinquinone derivatives, 2′H-spiro[imidazolidine-4,3′-thieno[2,3-g]quinoline]-2,4′,5,9′- tetraones (2a-n) and 2H-spiro[thieno[2,3-g]quinoline-3,5′-[1,2,4]triazinane]-3′,4,6′,9-tetraones (3a-e), were designed and synthesized using the previously described ethyl 3-amino-4,9-dioxo-2,3,4,9-tetrahydrothieno[2,3- g]quinoline-3-carboxylate (1) as a starting material. All compounds were evaluated for their antiproliferative activity against a panel of representative liquid and solid human tumor cell lines and exhibit IC50 values in the micromolar/submicromolar range. Series 2 displayed higher cytotoxicity than did series 3. The nature of the substituents on both imidazoline and triazinane N1 nitrogen markedly affected the activity profile of these series. Spectrophotometric and fluorescence measurements as well as unwinding assays performed on the most cytotoxic compounds, 2c, 2g, and 2k, showed that they are nonintercalative DNA agents and inhibit the catalytic activity of Topo II in a concentration-dependent mode. 2g was the most active Topo II inhibitor with activity levels comparable to those of VP-16

    Antitumor Agents. 5. Synthesis, Structure-Activity Relationships, and Biological Evaluation of Dimethyl-5H-pyridophenoxazin-5-ones, Tetrahydro-5H-benzopyridophenoxazin-5-ones, and 5H-Benzopyridophenoxazin-5-ones with Potent Antiproliferative Activity

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    New antiproliferative compounds, dimethyl-5H-pyrido[3,2-a]phenoxazin-5-ones (1-6), tetrahydro-5Hbenzopyrido[ 2,3-j]phenoxazin-5-ones (7-9), and 5H-benzopyrido[3,2-a]phenoxazin-5-ones (10-12) were synthesized and evaluated against representative human neoplastic cell lines. Dimethyl derivatives 1-6 were more active against carcinoma than leukemia cell lines. The tetrahydrobenzo derivatives 7-9 were scarcely active, whereas the corresponding benzo derivatives 10-12 showed notable cytotoxicity against a majority of the tested cell lines. Molecular modeling studies indicated that the high potency of 10 and 11, the most cytotoxic compounds of the whole series, could be due to the position of the condensed benzene ring, which favors ð-ð stacking interactions with purine and pyrimidine bases in the DNA active site. Biological studies suggested that 10-12 have no effect on human topoisomerases I and II and that they induce arrest at the G2/M phase

    Finite size corrections to random Boolean networks

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    Since their introduction, Boolean networks have been traditionally studied in view of their rich dynamical behavior under different update protocols and for their qualitative analogy with cell regulatory networks. More recently, tools borrowed from statistical physics of disordered systems and from computer science have provided a more complete characterization of their equilibrium behavior. However, the largest part of the results have been obtained in the thermodynamic limit, which is often far from being reached when dealing with realistic instances of the problem. The numerical analysis presented here aims at comparing - for a specific family of models - the outcomes given by the heuristic belief propagation algorithm with those given by exhaustive enumeration. In the second part of the paper some analytical considerations on the validity of the annealed approximation are discussed.Comment: Minor correction

    The Role of Congestion Biomarkers in Heart Failure with Reduced Ejection Fraction

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    : In heart failure with reduced ejection fraction, edema and congestion are related to reduced cardiac function. Edema and congestion are further aggravated by chronic kidney failure and pulmonary abnormalities. Furthermore, together with edema/congestion, sodium/water retention is an important sign of the progression of heart failure. Edema/congestion often anticipates clinical symptoms, such as dyspnea and hospitalization; it is associated with a reduced quality of life and a major risk of mortality. It is very important for clinicians to predict the signs of congestion with biomarkers and, mainly, to understand the pathophysiological findings that underlie edema. Not all congestions are secondary to heart failure, as in nephrotic syndrome. This review summarizes the principal evidence on the possible roles of the old and new congestion biomarkers in HFrEF patients (diagnostic, prognostic, and therapeutic roles). Furthermore, we provide a description of conditions other than congestion with increased congestion biomarkers, in order to aid in reaching a differential diagnosis. To conclude, the review focuses on how congestion biomarkers may be affected by new HF drugs (gliflozins, vericiguat, etc.) approved for HFrEF

    Antitumor Agents. 2. Synthesis, Structure-Activity Relationships, and Biological Evaluation of Substituted 5H-Pyridophenoxazin-5-ones with Potent Antiproliferative Activity

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    New antiproliferative compounds, 5H-pyrido[3,2-a]phenoxazin-5-ones (1-10), 5H-benzophenoxazin- 5-one (11), 5H-pyrido[2,3-a]phenoxazin-5-one (12), 5H-pyrido[3,4-a]phenoxazin-5-one (13), and 5H-pyrido[4,3-a]phenoxazin-5-one (14), were synthesized and evaluated against representative human neoplastic cell lines. The excellent cytotoxic activity of these polycyclic phenoxazinones, structurally related to the actinomycin chromophore, is discussed in terms of structural changes made to rings A and D (Chart 1). Electron-withdrawing or electron-donating substituents were introduced at different positions of ring A to probe the electronic and positional effects of the substitution. A nitro group in R2 or in R1 increases the cytotoxic activity, whereas electron-donating methyl groups in any position lead to 10- to 100-fold decreasing of the activity. The low antiproliferative activity of benzophenoxazinone 11 and pyridophenoxazinones 13 and 14 confirms the crucial role of pyridine nitrogen in the W position of ring D in DNA binding. The unexpected high activity exhibited by 12, which has the nitrogen in the X position, could be ascribed to a different mechanism of action, which needs further investigation

    Statin therapy blunts inflammatory activation and improves prognosis and left ventricular performance assessed by Tissue Doppler Imaging in subjects with chronic ischemic heart failure: results from the Daunia Heart Failure Registry

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    BACKGROUND: A limited number of studies have used Tissue Doppler Imaging (TDI) to evaluate the effect of statin therapy on left ventricular dysfunction in patients with chronic heart failure. In this work, we aimed to determine whether statin administration influenced prognosis, inflammatory activation and myocardial performance evaluated by Tissue Doppler Imaging in subjects enrolled in the Daunia Heart Failure Registry, a local registry of patients with chronic heart failure. METHODS: This study retrospectively analyzed 353 consecutive outpatients with chronic heart failure (mean follow-up 384 days), based on whether statin therapy was used. In all patients, several Tissue Doppler Imaging parameters were measured; circulating levels of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-10 and C-reactive protein were also assayed. RESULTS: Statin administration in 128 subjects with ischemic heart disease was associated with a lower incidence of adverse events (rehospitalization for HF 15% vs. 46%, p<0.001; ventricular arrhythmias 5% vs. 21%, p<0.01; cardiac death 1% vs. 8%, p<0.05), lower circulating levels of IL-6 (p<0.05) and IL-10 (p<0.01), lower rates of chronic heart failure (p<0.001) and better Tissue Doppler Imaging performance (E/E' ratio 12.82 + 5.42 vs. 19.85 + 9.14, p<0.001; ET: 260.62+ 44.16 vs. 227.11 +37.58 ms, p<0.05; TP: 176.79 + 49.93 vs. 136.7 + 37.78 ms, p<0.05 and St: 352.35 + 43.17 vs. 310.67 + 66.46 + 37.78 ms, p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Chronic ischemic heart failure outpatients undergoing statin treatment had fewer readmissions for adverse events, blunted inflammatory activation and improved left ventricular performance assessed by Tissue Doppler Imaging

    Sildenafil improves clinical and functional status of an elderly postmenopausal female with ‘out of proportion’ PH associated with left heart disease

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    We report a case of an elderly woman with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction and pulmonary hypertension (HFpEF-PH), refractory to conventional therapy for left heart failure and successfully treated by sildenafil
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