5,196 research outputs found

    Isospin dependence of relative yields of K+K^+ and K0K^0 mesons at 1.528 AGeV

    Get PDF
    Results on K+K^+ and K0K^0 meson production in 4496^{96}_{44}Ru + 4496^{96}_{44}Ru and 4096^{96}_{40}Zr + 4096^{96}_{40}Zr collisions at a beam kinetic energy of 1.528AA GeV, measured with the FOPI detector at GSI-Darmstadt, are investigated as a possible probe of isospin effects in high density nuclear matter. The measured double ratio (K+/K0K^+/K^0)Ru_{Ru}/(K+/K0K^+/K^0)Zr_{Zr} is compared to the predictions of a thermal model and a Relativistic Mean Field transport model using two different collision scenarios and under different assumptions on the stiffness of the symmetry energy. We find a good agreement with the thermal model prediction and the assumption of a soft symmetry energy for infinite nuclear matter while more realistic transport simulations of the collisions show a similar agreement with the data but also exhibit a reduced sensitivity to the symmetry term.Comment: 5 pages, 3 figures. accepted for publication in Phys. Rev.

    Polarization of Lambda^0 hyperons in nucleus-nucleus collisions at high energies

    Full text link
    The measurement of Lambda^0 hyperons polarization in nucleus-nucleus collisions is considered as one of possible tools to study the phase transition. Fixed target and collider experiments are discussed for the case of Lambda^0's production from Au-Au central collisions at \sqrt{s_{NN}} of several GeV.Comment: 15 pages, 6 figure

    Charged pion production in 4496^{96}_{44}Ru+4496^{96}_{44}Ru collisions at 400A and 1528A MeV

    Full text link
    We present transverse momentum and rapidity spectra of charged pions in central Ru + Ru collisions at 400AA and 1528AA MeV. The data exhibit enhanced production at low transverse momenta compared to the expectations from the thermal model that includes the decay of Δ(1232)\Delta(1232)-resonances and thermal pions. Modification of the Δ\Delta-spectral function and the Coulomb interaction are necessary to describe the detailed shape of the transverse momentum spectra. Within the framework of the thermal model, the freeze-out radii of pions are similar at both beam energies. The IQMD model reproduces the shapes of the transverse momentum and rapidity spectra of pions, but the predicted absolute yields are larger than in the measurements, especially at lower beam energy.Comment: 12 pages, 11 figure

    Two-proton small-angle correlations in central heavy-ion collisions: a beam-energy and system-size dependent study

    Full text link
    Small-angle correlations of pairs of protons emitted in central collisions of Ca + Ca, Ru + Ru and Au + Au at beam energies from 400 to 1500 MeV per nucleon are investigated with the FOPI detector system at SIS/GSI Darmstadt. Dependences on system size and beam energy are presented which extend the experimental data basis of pp correlations in the SIS energy range substantially. The size of the proton-emitting source is estimated by comparing the experimental data with the output of a final-state interaction model which utilizes either static Gaussian sources or the one-body phase-space distribution of protons provided by the BUU transport approach. The trends in the experimental data, i.e. system-size and beam energy dependences, are well reproduced by this hybrid model. However, the pp correlation function is found rather insensitive to the stiffness of the equation of state entering the transport model calculations.Comment: 9 pages, 8 figures, accepted at Eur. Phys. Journ.

    First analysis of anisotropic flow with Lee--Yang zeroes

    Full text link
    We report on the first analysis of directed and elliptic flow with the new method of Lee--Yang zeroes. Experimental data are presented for Ru+Ru reactions at 1.69 AGeV measured with the FOPI detector at SIS/GSI. The results obtained with several methods, based on the event-plane reconstruction, on Lee--Yang zeroes, and on multi-particle cumulants (up to 5th order) applied for the first time at SIS energies, are compared. They show conclusive evidence that azimuthal correlations between nucleons and composite particles at this energy are largely dominated by anisotropic flow.Comment: 5 pages, 3 figures, submitted to Phys. Rev. C Rapid Co

    Centrality dependence of subthreshold ¤Ľ\phi meson production in Ni+Ni collisions at 1.9A GeV

    Full text link
    We analysed the ¤Ľ\phi meson production in central Ni+Ni collisions at the beam kinetic energy of 1.93A GeV with the FOPI spectrometer and found the production probability per event of [8.6┬á┬▒┬á1.6┬á(stat)┬▒1.5┬á(syst)]├Ś10Ôłĺ4[8.6 ~\pm~ 1.6 ~(\text{stat}) \pm 1.5 ~(\text{syst})] \times 10^{-4}. This new data point allows for the first time to inspect the centrality dependence of the subthreshold ¤Ľ\phi meson production in heavy-ion collisions. The rise of ¤Ľ\phi meson multiplicity per event with mean number of participants can be parameterized by the power function with exponent ╬▒=1.8┬▒0.6\alpha = 1.8 \pm 0.6. The ratio of ¤Ľ\phi to KÔłĺ\text{K}^- production yields seems not to depend within the experimental uncertainties on the collision centrality, and the average of measured values was found to be 0.36┬▒0.050.36 \pm 0.05.Comment: 9 pages, 5 figure

    Measurement of KÔłŚ(892)0K^*(892)^0 and K0K^0 mesons in Al+Al collisions at 1.9AA GeV

    Full text link
    New measurement of sub-threshold KÔłŚ(892)0K^*(892)^0 and K0K^0 production is presented. The experimental data complete the measurement of strange particles produced in Al+Al collisions at 1.9AA GeV measured with the FOPI detector at SIS/GSI. The KÔłŚ(892)0K^*(892)^0 / K0K^0 yield ratio is found to be 0.0315┬▒0.006(stat.)┬▒0.012(syst.)0.0315\pm 0.006 (\mathrm{stat.})\pm 0.012 (\mathrm{syst.}) and is in good agreement with the UrQMD model prediction. These measurements provide information on in-medium cross section of K+K^+ - ¤ÇÔłĺ\pi^- fusion which is the dominant process on sub-threshold KÔłŚ(892)0K^*(892)^0 production.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figures, accepted for publication in Phys. Rev.

    Excitation function of elliptic flow in Au+Au collisions and the nuclear matter equation of state

    Full text link
    We present measurements of the excitation function of elliptic flow at midrapidity in Au+Au collisions at beam energies from 0.09 to 1.49 GeV per nucleon. For the integral flow, we discuss the interplay between collective expansion and spectator shadowing for three centrality classes. A complete excitation function of transverse momentum dependence of elliptic flow is presented for the first time in this energy range, revealing a rapid change with incident energy below 0.4 AGeV, followed by an almost perfect scaling at the higher energies. The equation of state of compressed nuclear matter is addressed through comparisons to microscopic transport model calculations.Comment: 10 pages, 4 eps figures, submitted for publication. Data files will be available at http://www.gsi.de/~fopiwww/pub

    Systematics of pion emission in heavy ion collisions in the 1A GeV regime

    Full text link
    Using the large acceptance apparatus FOPI, we study pion emission in the reactions (energies in GeV/nucleon are given in parentheses): 40Ca+40Ca (0.4, 0.6, 0.8, 1.0, 1.5, 1.93), 96Ru+96Ru (0.4, 1.0, 1.5), 96Zr+96Zr (0.4, 1.0, 1.5), 197Au+197Au (0.4, 0.6, 0.8, 1.0, 1.2, 1.5). The observables include longitudinal and transverse rapidity distributions and stopping, polar anisotropies, pion multiplicities, transverse momentum spectra, ratios for positively and negatively charged pions of average transverse momenta and of yields, directed flow, elliptic flow. The data are compared to earlier data where possible and to transport model simulations.Comment: 56 pages,42 figures; to be published in Nuclear Physics

    Hyperon production in Ar+KCl collisions at 1.76A GeV

    Get PDF
    We present transverse momentum spectra, rapidity distribution and multiplicity of Lambda-hyperons measured with the HADES spectrometer in the reaction Ar(1.76A GeV)+KCl. The yield of Xi- is calculated from our previously reported Xi-/(Lambda+Sigma0) ratio and compared to other strange particle multiplicities. Employing a strangeness balance equation the multiplicities of the yet unmeasured charged Sigma hyperons can be estimated. Finally a statistical hadronization model is used to fit the yields of pi-, K+, K0s, K-, phi, Lambda and Xi-. The resulting chemical freeze-out temperature of T=(76+-2) MeV is compared to the measured slope parameters obtained from fits to the transverse mass distributions of the particles
    • ÔÇŽ
    corecore