122 research outputs found

    Chasing the Zebra: a case of membranous-like Glomerulopathy with SSA/RO52 deposits and no overt connective tissue disease

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    Abstract Background The nature of the deposits in immune-mediated glomerulonephritis with a membranous pattern and masked IgG-Kappa deposits (MGMID) remains still to be elucidated. Case presentation We present a case of 33-year-old woman developing a continuous asymptomatic proteinuria (0.8–1 g/24 h) with no overt connective tissue diseases. She tested positive at high titers for SSA antibodies (Ro52 838 UI/mL, Ro60 2716 UI/mL) and at the kidney biopsy histological findings were compatible with an immune-mediated glomerulonephritis with a membranous pattern and masked IgG-Kappa deposits. Also, we demonstrated a positive immunohistochemistry staining for anti-Ro52-SSA antibodies, with a granular positivity in mesangium and along rare glomerular capillaries. To date, only one case of a patient with overt diagnosis of Sjögren’s syndrome with MGMID has been described but a pathogenic role for SSA and SSB antibodies has never been proven. Conclusions In this case, we described for the first time by immunohistochemistry a Ro52+ granular positivity in the mesangium and glomerular capillaries, potentially paving the way for a better understanding of MGMID

    Genetic Testing for a Patient with Suspected 3 Beta-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase Deficiency: A Case of Unreported Genetic Variants

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    3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type II deficiency (HSD3B2 deficiency), a rare form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), is characterized by varying degrees of salt loss and incomplete masculinization in males and mild virilization or normal external genitalia in females. We report the case of a patient (46XY) showing salt loss and incomplete masculinization, markedly elevated levels of 17OHP (17 hydroxyprogesterone), ACTH (Adreno Cortico Tropic Hormone), testosterone and delta4androstenedione (delta4A), low levels of cortisol and absence of bone skeletal alterations that frequently characterize POR (Cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase) deficiency. Mutation analysis by Sanger sequencing of the HSD3B2 gene showed that the patient presented with a compound heterozygote for two novel variants c.370A>G p.Ser124Gly and c.308-6 G>A. The two HSD3B2 gene variants were also present in the patient’s older brother showing only incomplete masculinization. The in silico analysis revealed a probable damaging effect of c.370A>G p.Ser124Gly: residue p.Ser124 is highly conserved among species and seems to be located in the catalytic site of the enzyme, playing a pivotal role in NAD(H) binding to its substrate. Intronic c.308-6G>A variant is predicted to be likely pathogenic; the substitution seems to cause a change in the splice acceptor site located 6bp downstream of the variant. The two siblings seem to be affected by 3β-HSD2 deficiency; nevertheless, the two novel variants are likely to cause variable expressivity of the disease

    Dickkopf Homolog 3 (DKK3) as a Prognostic Marker in Lupus Nephritis: A Prospective Monocentric Experience

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    Background: The gold standard for diagnosis of lupus nephritis (LN) is still represented by renal biopsy, and serological prognostic biomarkers are still lacking. Dickkopf homolog-3 (DKK3) has been suggested as a marker of tissue fibrosis in different conditions; however, its role in autoimmune diseases needs to be elucidated. Here, we investigated the prognostic role of DKK3 in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients with and without LN, assessing its changes in relation to kidney function, flares, and interstitial fibrosis. Methods: Overall, 132 SLE patients (57 with LN) were included and prospectively followed up for at least 36 months. DKK3 was measured in serum at baseline. Biopsies were evaluated for glomerular involvement, interstitial fibrosis, and tubular atrophy. Results: Patients with biopsy-proven LN had significantly higher levels of DKK3 than those without (median [min–max]: 215 ng/mL [81–341] vs. 21.1 ng/mL [1–69], p < 0.01). DKK3 levels were associated with prevalent chronic kidney diseases (OR: 4.31 [C.I. 2.01–6.61] per DKK3 doubling, p < 0.01), higher chronicity index at biopsy (1.75 [1.51–2.77] per DKK3 doubling, p < 0.01), and flares rate (OR: 1.45 [C.I. 1.1–5.71] per DKK3 doubling, p < 0.044). Conclusions: While kidney biopsy still represents the gold standard for diagnostic and prognostic assessment in LN, DKK3 could represent an additional prognostic tool to monitor SLE patients and guide therapeutic choices

    Tailoring Tofacitinib Oral Therapy in Rheumatoid Arthritis: The TuTOR App

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    To support the management of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients treated with tofacitinib, we designed the TuTOR (tailoring tofacitinib oral therapy in rheumatoid arthritis) mobile app. The impact of the app on medical adherence was evaluated using a crossover design alternating a paper-diary and the TuTOR App. Twenty patients with RA (mean age at inclusion, 59 &plusmn; 13 years) were included in the study. A statistically significant decrease in DAS28 was observed since the first month of therapy (mean DAS28 at baseline, 3.9 &plusmn; 1 vs. 1&deg; month 3.1 &plusmn; 1, p = 0.0016). Similarly, the numerical rating scale (NRS) of perceived activity of disease and subjective fatigue progressively decreased. No differences were reported in DAS28 or NRS between the TuTOR app and the paper-diary groups. A significant decrease was observed in HAQ during the follow-up (baseline 1.38 &plusmn; 1.11 vs. six months 0.83 &plusmn; 0.9; p = 0.01). When filling out the self-reporting questionnaires, most of the patients (82%) preferred the TuTOR App helping them to remember to take the pills. Furthermore, 82% of patients used the app regularly (vs. 53% for the paper diary). Three patients suspended tofacitinib due to gastrointestinal intolerance. Both digital and paper devices can help maximize adherence to therapy; however, the TuTOR app was preferred by the patients for its simplicity and immediacy
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