7,068 research outputs found

    Neighborhood Crime and Travel Behavior: An Investigation of the Influence of Neighborhood Crime Rates on Mode Choice, MTI Report 07-02

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    While much attention has been given to the influence of urban form on travel behavior in recent years, little work has been done on how neighborhood crimes affect this dynamic. This research project studied seven San Francisco Bay Area cities, and found substantiation for the proposition that neighborhood crime rates have an influence on the propensity to choose non-automotive modes of transportation for home-based trips. Specifically, high vice and vagrancy crime rates were associated with a lowered probability of choosing transit in suburban cities for both work and non-work trips, high property crime rates were associated with a lower probability of walking for work trips in urban cities and inner-ring suburban cities, high violent crime rates with a lower probability of walking for work trips in suburban study cities, while higher property crime rates in San Francisco were associated with an increased probability of walking for non-work trips. While the signs of these significant relationships generally conformed to the author鈥檚 expectations鈥攊.e., that high crime rates reduce the probability of choosing non-automotive modes of travel鈥攖he authors did not find statistically significant relationships for all city/trip model runs, suggesting that these relationships differ depending on the urban form and trip type contexts

    Relaciones asociativas como instrumento de cambio en la gesti贸n p煤blica

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    The aim of this article is to propose a framework for analysis to introduce the reader to the debate on public, private and social associative relations (RaPPS), proposed by the author as an instrument of change in public management. Based on the tendency of governments to act in a network, the RaPPS allow governments to enhance the relational capacities of their public administrations, in the provision of their services or even in some of the phases of the public policy process. In the article, it is tried to give some clues that characterize an associative relation, of a traditional public-private association. In exploring three municipal cases of associative relations, two in Mexico and one in Chile, the reader is drawn to the attributes that were identified in the three types of associative relations between government, civil society and business, in order to contribute inputs to their own reflection. The application of techniques of observation, interviews and documentary review allowed gathering evidence about the complexity in the functioning of associative relations and the barriers of sustainability that they face. It proposes the existence of three types of RaPPS: a) deliberative, b) corporate and c) participatory.El objetivo del art铆culo es proponer un marco de an谩lisis para introducir al lector al debate de las relaciones asociativas p煤blica, privada y social (RaPPS), propuestas por el autor como instrumento de cambio en la gesti贸n p煤blica. Con base en la tendencia de los gobiernos para actuar en red, las RaPPS permiten a los gobiernos potenciar las capacidades relacionales de sus administraciones p煤blicas, en la prestaci贸n de sus servicios o incluso en alguna de las fases del proceso de pol铆tica p煤blica. En el art铆culo, se pretende dar algunas pistas que caractericen una relaci贸n asociativa, de una tradicional asociaci贸n p煤blico- privado. Al explorar tres casos municipales de relaciones asociativas, dos en M茅xico y uno en Chile, se dibuja al lector los atributos que se identificaron en los tres tipos de relaciones asociativas entre gobierno, sociedad civil y empresa, para aportar insumos hacia su propia reflexi贸n. La aplicaci贸n de t茅cnicas de observaci贸n, entrevistas y revisi贸n documental, permiti贸 recabar evidencia acerca de la complejidad en el funcionamiento de relaciones asociativas y las barreras de sustentabilidad que enfrentan. Se propone la existencia de tres tipos de RaPPS: a) deliberativa, b) corporativa y c)participativa