26,707 research outputs found

    Numerical Range and the Dynamics of a Rational Function

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    Sometimes we obtain attractive results when associating facts to simple elements. The goal of this work is to introduce a possible alternative in the study of the dynamics of rational maps

    Pion Form Factor in the Light-Front

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    The pion electromagnetic form factor is calculated with a light-front quark model. The "plus" and "minus" component of the electromagnetic current are used to calculate the electromagnetic form factor in the Breit frame with two models for the q\bar{q} vertex. The light front constituent quark models describes very well hadronic wave function for pseudo-scalar and vector particles. Symmetry problems arinsing in the light-front approach are solved by the pole dislocation method. The results are compared with new experimental data and with other quark models.Comment: 4 pages,1 figure (eps), Latex,AIP style.To appear in the proceedings "IX Hadron Physics and VII Relativistic Aspects of Nuclear Physics: A Joint Meeting on QCD and QGP, Hadron Physics-RANP,2004,Angra dos Reis, Rio de Janeiro,Brazil.(some references are added and small mistakes are corrected.

    Spin-1 Particle in the Light-Front Approach

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    The electromagnetic current of spin-1 composite particles does not transform properly under rotations if only the valence contribution is considered in the light-front model. In particular, the plus component of the current, evaluated only for the valence component of the wave function, in the Drell-Yan frame violates rotational symmetry, which does not allow a unique calculation of the electromagnetic form-factors. The prescription suggested by Grach and Kondratyuk [Sov. J. Nucl. Phys. 38, 198 (1984)] to extract the form factors from the plus component of the current, eliminates contributions from pair diagrams or zero modes, which if not evaluated properly cause the violation of the rotational symmetry. We address this problem in an analytical and covariant model of a spin-1 composite particle.Comment: To appear Brazilian Journal of Physics (2004), 4 pages, no figures. Use multicols.st

    Experimental response of RC columns built with plain bars under unidirectional cyclic loading

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    A large number of existing reinforced concrete (RC) buildings structures were designed and built before mid-70’s, when the reinforcing bars had plain surface and prior to the enforcement of the modern seismic-oriented design philosophies. This paper describes a series of unidirectional cyclic tests performed on seven full-scale columns built with plain reinforcing bars, without adequate reinforcement detailing for seismic demands. The specimens have different reinforcing steel details and different cross sections. A further monotonic test was also carried out for one of the specimens and an additional column, built with deformed bars, was cyclically tested for comparison with the results for the specimens with plain bars. The main experimental results are presented and discussed. The influence of bond properties on the column behaviour is evidenced by differences observed between the cyclic response of similar specimens with plain and deformed bars. The influence of reinforcement amount and displacement history on the column response is also investigated

    Experimental and numerical analysis of the cyclic behaviour of RC beam-column connections with plain reinforcing bars

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    The information available in the literature about the cyclic behaviour of reinforced concrete elements with plain reinforcing bars is scarce. As a consequence, the influence of bar slippage in elements with plain bars is not yet comprehensively understood. In this paper are presented and discussed the main results of the cyclic tests carried out on five full-scale reinforced concrete beam-column joints with plain bars and without specific detailing for seismic demands. An additional joint specimen with deformed bars was also tested for comparison. Furthermore, numerical models were built to simulate the response of two of the specimens. Particular attention was given to the influence of bar slippage. The results of the conducted analyses underline the importance of accounting for bond-slip in the numerical modelling of elements with plain bars and also highlight the need for specific models to simulate the effects of this mechanism in the presence of plain bars

    Light-Front projection of spin-1 electromagnetic current and zero-modes

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    The issue of the contribution of zero-modes to the light-front projection of the electromagnetic current of phenomenological models of vector particles vertices is addressed in the Drell-Yan frame. Our analytical model of the Bethe-Salpeter amplitude of a spin-1 fermion-antifermion composite state gives a physically motivated light-front wave function symmetric by the exchange of the fermion and antifermion, as in the ρ\rho-meson case. We found that among the four independent matrix elements of the plus component in the light-front helicity basis only the 0→00\to 0 one carries zero mode contributions. Our derivation generalizes to symmetric models, important for applications, the above conclusion found for a simplified non-symmetrical form of the spin-1 Bethe-Salpeter amplitude with photon-fermion point-like coupling and also for a smeared fermion-photon vertex model.Comment: Use elservier style. 14 page
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