273 research outputs found

    Mismatch of conductivity anisotropy in the mixed and normal states of type-II superconductors

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    We have calculated the Bardeen-Stephen contribution to the vortex viscosity for uniaxial anisotropic superconductors within the time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau (TDGL) theory. We focus our attention on superconductors with a mismatch of anisotropy of normal and superconducting characteristics. Exact asymptotics for the Bardeen-Stephen contribution have been derived in two limits: the cases of small and large electric field penetration depth (as compared to the coherence length). Also we suggest a variational procedure which allows us to calculate the vortex viscosity for superconductors with arbitrary ratio of the coherence lenght to the electric field penetration depth. The approximate analytical result is compared with numerical calculations. Finally, using a generalized TDGL theory, we prove that the viscosity anisotropy and, thus, the flux-flow conductivity anisotropy may depend on temperature.Comment: 11 pages, 3 figures; typos corrected in Figs. 2 and

    Generalized Darboux transformations for the KP equation with self-consistent sources

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    The KP equation with self-consistent sources (KPESCS) is treated in the framework of the constrained KP equation. This offers a natural way to obtain the Lax representation for the KPESCS. Based on the conjugate Lax pairs, we construct the generalized binary Darboux transformation with arbitrary functions in time tt for the KPESCS which, in contrast with the binary Darboux transformation of the KP equation, provides a non-auto-B\"{a}cklund transformation between two KPESCSs with different degrees. The formula for N-times repeated generalized binary Darboux transformation is proposed and enables us to find the N-soliton solution and lump solution as well as some other solutions of the KPESCS.Comment: 20 pages, no figure

    Unconventional superconductivity and paramagnetic Meissner response triggered by nonlocal pairing interaction in proximitized heterostructures

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    Proximity phenomena and induced superconducting correlations in heterostructures are shown to be strongly affected by the nonlocal nature of the electronic attraction. The latter can trigger the formation of Cooper pairs consisting of electrons localized in neighbouring layers even in the absence of direct quasiparticle transfer between the layers. We investigate the manifestations of such nonlocal pairing and resulting unconventional induced superconductivity in an exemplary two-dimensional (2D) electronic system coupled to a conventional superconductor. The interplay between the quasiparticle tunneling and spin-triplet interlayer pairing is shown to generate the odd-frequency superconducting correlations in the 2D material which give rise to the paramagnetic contribution to the Meissner response and affect the energy resolved quasiparticle density of states. Experimental evidence for the above nonlocal interface pairing would provide new perspectives in engineering the unconventional superconducting correlations in heterostructures.Comment: 15 pages, 6 figure
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