18,175 research outputs found

    Thermodynamic properties and bulk viscosity near phase transition in the Z(2) and O(4) models

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    We investigate the thermodynamic properties including equation of state, the trace anomaly, the sound velocity and the specific heat, as well as transport properties like bulk viscosity in the Z(2) and O(4) models in the Hartree approximation of Cornwall-Jackiw-Tomboulis (CJT) formalism. We study these properties in different cases, e.g. first order phase transition, second order phase transition, crossover and the case without phase transition, and discuss the correlation between the bulk viscosity and the thermodynamic properties of the system. We find that the bulk viscosity over entropy density ratio exhibits an upward cusp at the second order phase transition, and a sharp peak at the 1st order phase transition. However, this peak becomes smooth or disappears in the case of crossover. This indicates that at RHIC, where there is no real phase transition and the system experiences a crossover, the bulk viscosity over entropy density might be small, and it will not affect too much on hadronization. We also suggest that the bulk viscosity over entropy density ratio is a better quantity than the shear viscosity over entropy density ratio to locate the critical endpoint.Comment: 19 pages, 30 figures, 1 tabl

    Sigma meson and lowest possible glueball candidate in an extended linear σ\sigma model

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    We formulate an extended linear σ\sigma model of a quarkonia nonet and a tetraquark nonet as well as a complex iso-singlet (glueball) field to study the low-lying scalar meson. Chiral symmetry and UA(1)U_A(1) symmetry and their breaking play important role to shape the scalar meson spectrum in our work. Based on our study we will comment on what may be the mass of the lowest possible scalar and pseudoscalar glueball states. We will also discuss on what may be the nature of the sigma or f0(600)f_0(600) meson.Comment: Contribution to the Proceedings of QCD@work 2012, Lecce, Italy, 18-21 June 2012, 5 pages, 2 figure

    Viscous dissipative effects in isotropic brane cosmology

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    We consider the dynamics of a viscous cosmological fluid in the generalized Randall-Sundrum model for an isotropic brane. To describe the dissipative effects we use the Israel-Hiscock-Stewart full causal thermodynamic theory. In the limiting case of a stiff cosmological fluid with pressure equal to the energy density, the general solution of the field equations can be obtained in an exact parametric form for a cosmological fluid with constant bulk viscosity and with a bulk viscosity coefficient proportional to the square root of the energy density, respectively. The obtained solutions describe generally non-inflationary brane worlds, starting from a singular state. During this phase of evolution the comoving entropy of the Universe is an increasing function of time, and thus a large amount of entropy is created in the brane world due to viscous dissipative processes.Comment: 15 pages, 11 figure