241 research outputs found

    Volumetric center method for stochastic convex programs using sampling

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    We develop an algorithm for solving the stochastic convex program (SCP) by combining Vaidya's volumetric center interior point method (VCM) for solving non-smooth convex programming problems with the Monte-Carlo sampling technique to compute a subgradient. A near-central cut variant of VCM is developed, and for this method an approach to perform bulk cut translation, and adding multiple cuts is given. We show that by using near-central VCM the SCP can be solved to a desirable accuracy with any given probability. For the two-stage SCP the solution time is independent of the number of scenarios

    Optimizing Equitable Resource Allocation in Parallel Any-Scale Queues with Service Abandonment and its Application to Liver Transplant

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    We study the problem of equitably and efficiently allocating an arriving resource to multiple queues with customer abandonment. The problem is motivated by the cadaveric liver allocation system of the United States, which includes a large number of small-scale (in terms of yearly arrival intensities) patient waitlists with the possibility of patients abandoning (due to death) until the required service is completed (matched donor liver arrives). We model each waitlist as a GI/MI/1+GI queue, in which a virtual server receives a donor liver for the patient at the top of the waitlist, and patients may abandon while waiting or during service. To evaluate the performance of each queue, we develop a finite approximation technique as an alternative to fluid or diffusion approximations, which are inaccurate unless the queue's arrival intensity is large. This finite approximation for hundreds of queues is used within an optimization model to optimally allocate donor livers to each waitlist. A piecewise linear approximation of the optimization model is shown to provide the desired accuracy. Computational results show that solutions obtained in this way provide greater flexibility, and improve system performance when compared to solutions from the fluid models. Importantly, we find that appropriately increasing the proportion of livers allocated to waitlists with small scales or high mortality risks improves the allocation equity. This suggests a proportionately greater allocation of organs to smaller transplant centers and/or those with more vulnerable populations in an allocation policy. While our motivation is from liver allocation, the solution approach developed in this paper is applicable in other operational contexts with similar modeling frameworks.Comment: 48 Page

    Distributionally Robust Optimization: A Review

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    The concepts of risk-aversion, chance-constrained optimization, and robust optimization have developed significantly over the last decade. Statistical learning community has also witnessed a rapid theoretical and applied growth by relying on these concepts. A modeling framework, called distributionally robust optimization (DRO), has recently received significant attention in both the operations research and statistical learning communities. This paper surveys main concepts and contributions to DRO, and its relationships with robust optimization, risk-aversion, chance-constrained optimization, and function regularization
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