6,475 research outputs found

    A bright millisecond radio burst of extragalactic origin

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    Pulsar surveys offer one of the few opportunities to monitor even a small fraction (~0.00001) of the radio sky for impulsive burst-like events with millisecond durations. In analysis of archival survey data, we have discovered a 30-Jy dispersed burst of duration <5 ms located three degrees from the Small Magellanic Cloud. The burst properties argue against a physical association with our Galaxy or the Small Magellanic Cloud. Current models for the free electron content in the Universe imply a distance to the burst of <1 Gpc No further bursts are seen in 90-hr of additional observations, implying that it was a singular event such as a supernova or coalescence of relativistic objects. Hundreds of similar events could occur every day and act as insightful cosmological probes.Comment: 18 pages, 4 figures. Accepted by Science. Published electronically via Science Express on September 27, 200

    Phase Mixing of Alfvén Waves Near a 2D Magnetic Null Point

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    The propagation of linear Alfvén wave pulses in an inhomogeneous plasma near a 2D coronal null point is investigated. When a uniform plasma density is considered, it is seen that an initially planar Alfvén wavefront remains planar, despite the varying equilibrium Alfvén speed, and that all the wave collects at the separatrices. Thus, in the non-ideal case, these Alfvénic disturbances preferentially dissipate their energy at these locations. For a non-uniform equilibrium density, it is found that the Alfvén wavefront is significantly distorted away from the initially planar geometry, inviting the possibility of dissipation due to phase mixing. Despite this however, we conclude that for the Alfvén wave, current density accumulation and preferential heating still primarily occur at the separatrices, even when an extremely non-uniform density profile is considered

    Effect of rurality on screening for breast cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis comparing mammography

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    Introduction: The lower breast cancer survival rate observed among rural women may be related to differences in screening access and utilization. We evaluated existing evidence for rural and urban differences in mammography service use in adult women

    New Binary and Millisecond Pulsars from Arecibo Drift-Scan Searches

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    We discuss four recycled pulsars found in Arecibo drift-scan searches. PSR J1944+0907 has a spin period of 5.2 ms and is isolated. The 5.8-ms pulsar J1453+19 may have a low-mass companion. We discuss these pulsars in the context of isolated millisecond pulsar formation and the minimum spin period of neutron stars. The isolated 56-ms pulsar J0609+2130 is possibly the remnant of a disrupted double neutron star binary. The 41-ms pulsar J1829+2456 is in a relativistic orbit. Its companion is most likely another neutron star, making this the eighth known double neutron star binary system.Comment: 6 pages, 3 figures, to appear in proceedings of Aspen Center for Physics Conference on ``Binary Radio Pulsars'' Eds. F. Rasio and I. Stair