8,268 research outputs found

### Antiferromagnetism and Superconductivity in layered organic conductors: Variational cluster approach

The $\kappa$-(ET)$_2$X layered conductors (where ET stands for BEDT-TTF) are
studied within the dimer model as a function of the diagonal hopping $t^\prime$
and Hubbard repulsion $U$. Antiferromagnetism and d-wave superconductivity are
investigated at zero temperature using variational cluster perturbation theory
(V-CPT). For large $U$, N\'eel antiferromagnetism exists for $t' < t'_{c2}$,
with $t'_{c2}\sim 0.9$. For fixed $t'$, as $U$ is decreased (or pressure
increased), a $d_{x^2-y^2}$ superconducting phase appears. When $U$ is
decreased further, the a $d_{xy}$ order takes over. There is a critical value
of $t'_{c1}\sim 0.8$ of $t'$ beyond which the AF and dSC phases are separated
by Mott disordered phase.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figures. Investigation of the d_xy phase added +
discussion of gap symmetr

### Two-photon excitation of nitric oxide fluorescence as a temperature indicator in unsteady gas-dynamic processes

A laser induced fluorescence technique, suitable for measuring fluctuating temperatures in cold turbulent flows containing very low concentrations of nitric oxide is described. Temperatures below 300 K may be resolved with signal to noise ratios greater than 50 to 1 using high peak power, tunable dye lasers. The method relies on the two photon excitation of selected ro-vibronic transitions. The analysis includes the effects of fluorescence quenching and shows the technique to be effective at all densities below ambient. Signal to noise ratio estimates are based on a preliminary measurement of the two photon absorptivity for a selected rotational transition in the NO gamma (0,0) band

### The two-photon absorptivity of rotational transitions in the A2 Sigma hyperon + (v prime = O) - X-2 pion (v prime prime = O) gamma band of nitric oxide

A predominantly single-mode pulsed dye laser system giving a well characterized spatial and temporal output suitable for absolute two-photon absorptivity measurements was used to study the NO gamma(0,0) S11 + R21 (J double prime = 7-1/2) transition. Using a calibrated induced-fluorescence technique, an absorptivity parameter of 2.8 + or - 1.4 x 10 to the minus 51st power cm to the 6th power was obtained. Relative strengths of other rotational transitions in the gamma(0,0) band were also measured and shown to compare well with predicted values in all cases except the O12 (J double prime = 10-1/2) transition

### Optical measurements of fluctuating temperatures in a supersonic turbulent flow using one- and two-photon, laser-induced fluorescence

A laser-induced fluorescence technique was developed that provides a practical means of nonintrusively measuring the instantaneous temperatures in low-temperature turbulent flows. The capabilities of the method are reviewed, and its application to a simple, two-dimensional, turbulent boundary-layer flow at Mach 2 is reported. Measurements of the average temperature distribution through the boundary layer and the magnitudes of temperature fluctuations about their average values are presented

### The variety generated by order algebras

Every ordered set can be considered as an algebra in a natural way. We investigate the variety generated by order algebras. We prove, among other things, that this variety is not finitely based and, although locally finite, it is not contained in any finitely generated variety; we describe the bottom of the lattice of its subvarieties

### Optical stark effect in the 2-photon spectrum of NO

A large optical Stark effect has been observed in the two-photon spectrum X(2)Pi yields A(2)Sigma(+)_ in NO. It is explained as a near-resonant process in which the upper state of the two-photon transition is perturbed by interactions with higher-lying electronic states coupled by the laser field. A theoretical analysis is presented along with coupling parameters determined from ab initio wave functions. The synthetic spectrum reproduces the major experimental features

### Comparison of the phase diagram of the half-filled layered organic superconductors with the phase diagram of the RVB theory of the Hubbard-Heisenberg model

We present an resonating valence bond (RVB) theory of superconductivity for
the Hubbard--Heisenberg model on an anisotropic triangular lattice. We show
that these calculations are consistent with the observed phase diagram of the
half-filled layered organic superconductors, such as the beta, beta', kappa and
lambda phases of (BEDT-TTF)_2X [bis(ethylenedithio)tetrathiafulvalene] and
(BETS)_2X [bis(ethylenedithio)tetraselenafulvalene]. We find a first order
transition from a Mott insulator to a d_{x^2-y^2} superconductor with a small
superfluid stiffness and a pseudogap with d_{x^2-y^2} symmetry. The
Mott--Hubbard transition can be driven either by increasing the on-site Coulomb
repulsion, U, or by changing the anisotropy of the two hopping integrals, t'/t.
Our results suggest that the ratio t'/t plays an important role in determining
the phase diagram of the organic superconductors.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figur

### Spin Bose-Metal phase in a spin-1/2 model with ring exchange on a two-leg triangular strip

Recent experiments on triangular lattice organic Mott insulators have found
evidence for a 2D spin liquid in proximity to the metal-insulator transition. A
Gutzwiller wavefunction study of the triangular lattice Heisenberg model with
appropriate four-spin ring exchanges has found that the projected spinon Fermi
sea state has a low variational energy. This wavefunction, together with a
slave particle gauge theory, suggests that such spin liquid possesses spin
correlations that are singular along surfaces in momentum space ("Bose
surfaces"). Signatures of this state, which we refer to as a "Spin Bose-Metal"
(SBM), are expected to be manifest in quasi-1D ladder systems: The discrete
transverse momenta cut through the 2D Bose surface leading to a distinct
pattern of 1D gapless modes. Here we search for a quasi-1D descendant of the
triangular lattice SBM state by exploring the Heisenberg plus ring model on a
two-leg strip (zigzag chain). Using DMRG, variational wavefunctions, and a
Bosonization analysis, we map out the full phase diagram. Without ring exchange
the model is equivalent to the J_1 - J_2 Heisenberg chain, and we find the
expected Bethe-chain and dimerized phases. Remarkably, moderate ring exchange
reveals a new gapless phase over a large swath of the phase diagram. Spin and
dimer correlations possess particular singular wavevectors and allow us to
identify this phase as the hoped for quasi-1D descendant SBM state. We derive a
low energy theory and find three gapless modes and one Luttinger parameter
controlling all power laws. Potential instabilities out of the zigzag SBM give
rise to other interesting phases such as a period-3 VBS or a period-4 Chirality
order, which we discover in the DMRG; we also find an interesting SBM state
with partial ferromagnetism.Comment: 30 pages, 23 figure

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