12 research outputs found

    A MALDI-TOF MS approach for mammalian, human, and formula milks’ profiling

    Get PDF
    Human milk composition is dynamic, and substitute formulae are intended to mimic its protein content. The purpose of this study was to investigate the potentiality of matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS), followed by multivariate data analyses as a tool to analyze the peptide profiles of mammalian, human, and formula milks. Breast milk samples from women at different lactation stages (2 (n = 5), 30 (n = 6), 60 (n = 5), and 90 (n = 4) days postpartum), and milk from donkeys (n = 4), cows (n = 4), buffaloes (n = 7), goats (n = 4), ewes (n = 5), and camels (n = 2) were collected. Different brands (n = 4) of infant formulae were also analyzed. Protein content (<30 kDa) was analyzed by MS, and data were exported for statistical elaborations. The mass spectra for each milk closely clustered together, whereas different milk samples resulted in well-separated mass spectra. Human samples formed a cluster in which colostrum constituted a well-defined subcluster. None of the milk formulae correlated with animal or human milk, although they were specifically characterized and correlated well with each other. These findings propose MALDI-TOF MS milk profiling as an analytical tool to discriminate, in a blinded way, different milk types. As each formula has a distinct specificity, shifting a baby from one to another formula implies a specific proteomic exposure. These profiles may assist in milk proteomics for easiness of use and minimization of costs, suggesting that the MALDI-TOF MS pipelines may be useful for not only milk adulteration assessments but also for the characterization of banked milk specimens in pediatric clinical settings

    Streptococcus pneumoniae colonisation in children and adolescents with asthma: Impact of the heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine and evaluation of potential effect of thirteen-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine

    Get PDF
    none14noBackground: The main aim of this study was to evaluate Streptococcus pneumoniae carriage in a group of school-aged children and adolescents with asthma because these results might indicate the theoretical risk of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) of such patients and the potential protective efficacy of the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13). Methods: Oropharyngeal samples were obtained from 423 children with documented asthma (300 males, 70.9 %), and tested for the autolysin-A-encoding (lytA) and the wzg (cpsA) gene of S. pneumoniae by means of real-time polymerase chain reaction. Results: S. pneumoniae was identified in the swabs of 192 subjects (45.4 %): 48.4 % of whom were aged = 15 years (p < 0.001). Carriage was significantly less frequent among the children who had received recent antibiotic therapy (odds ratio [OR 0.41]; 95 % confidence interval [95 % CI] 0.22-0.76). Multivariate analyses showed no association between carriage and vaccination status, with ORs of 1.05 (95 % CI 0.70-1.58) for carriers of any pneumococcal serotype, 1.08 (95 % CI 0.72-1.62) for carriers of any of the serotypes included in 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7), and 0.76 (95 % CI 0.45-1.28) for carriers of any of the six additional serotypes of PCV13. Serotypes 19 F, 4 and 9 V were the most frequently identified serotypes in vaccinated subjects. Conclusions: These results showed that carriage of S. pneumoniae is relatively common in all school-aged children and adolescents with asthma, regardless of the severity of disease and the administration of PCV7 in the first years of life. This highlights the problem of the duration of the protection against colonisation provided by pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, and the importance of re-colonization by the same pneumococcal serotypes included in the previously used vaccine.Esposito, Susanna; Terranova, Leonardo; Patria, Maria Francesca; Marseglia, Gian Luigi; Miraglia del Giudice, Michele; Bodini, Alessandro; Martelli, Alberto; Baraldi, Eugenio; Mazzina, Oscar; Tagliabue, Claudia; Licari, Amelia; Ierardi, Valentina; Lelii, Mara; Principi, NicolaEsposito, Susanna; Terranova, Leonardo; Patria, Maria Francesca; Marseglia, GIAN LUIGI; Miraglia del Giudice, Michele; Bodini, Alessandro; Martelli, Alberto; Baraldi, Eugenio; Mazzina, Oscar; Tagliabue, Claudia; Licari, Amelia; Ierardi, Valentina; Lelii, Mara; Principi, Nicol

    Lupin and Other Potentially Cross-Reactive Allergens in Peanut Allergy

    No full text
    PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The presence of IgE cross-reactivity between peanut allergens and allergens from other legumes and tree nuts has been demonstrated, but the identification of the involved individual allergens is still limited. The aim of this review is to describe new allergenic findings, of potential relevance for cross-reactivity among peanut and lupin. RECENT FINDINGS: Seventeen allergens of peanut have been included in the official allergen nomenclature database to date. Lupin sensitization has been observed in 15-20% of individuals with known peanut allergy, The majority of lupin seed proteins are comprised of őĪ-conglutins (legumin-like) and ő≤-conglutins (vicilin-like), and to a lesser extent ő≥-conglutins (vicilin-like) and őī-conglutins (2S albumins). Several molecules may fuel peanut-lupin cross-reactivity. Awareness among physicians and general public could avoid unexpected allergic reactions. However, these do not appear frequent and no data suggest a precautionary labelling of lupin in foods

    Sensitization pattern to inhalant and food allergens in symptomatic children at first evaluation

    No full text
    Background: Data on specific IgE sensitization prevalence in children with allergy-like symptoms seen in the primary care setting are rare. Early diagnosis of allergic diseases is important to prevent clinical manifestations, exacerbations or expansion of allergic diseases to other organ systems. The present study aims to assess the usefulness of early serological diagnosis in children with common allergic symptoms. Methods: 532 children (&lt;15 years of age), with at least one of ten allergy-like symptoms, from 21 primary care centers in two geographic areas of Italy and Spain were included in the study. Patients were tested with, either Phadiatop (R) Infant (0-5 years of age) or Phadiatop (R) and food mix (fx5e) (&gt;5 years of age) to discriminate atopic from non-atopic subjects. A blood sample of atopic subjects was taken for additional 6-26 specific IgE antibody determinations from a predefined panel using the ImmunoCAP (R) System. Results: 267 children (50.2 %) were positive in the initial test and were classified as atopic. 14 % were mono-sensitized, 37 % were sensitized to 2-3 allergens and 49 % to more than 3 allergens. The average number of symptoms in the atopic group was 3.3 vs 2.8 in the non-atopic group. The prevalence of sensitization to single allergens was highest for grass and ragweed pollen and house-dust mites (19-28 %). Sensitization to tree allergens was highest for olive tree (16.5 %). Cow's milk and egg white were the most sensitizing foods (similar to 15 %). Food allergen sensitization predominated in younger children (OR = 2.8) whereas the inverse occurred with inhalant allergens (OR = 2.5 to 5.6). A significant positive correlation between patient age and the number of sensitizations was found. Conclusions: Specific IgE sensitization in children with allergy-like symptoms is common. Multiple sensitization is predominating. Number of clinical symptoms was higher in the atopic group compared to the non-atopic without a correlation with the number of positive allergens. Age seems to play a crucial role in the development of sensitization with a significant positive correlation between patient age and the number of sensitizations

    Sensitization pattern to inhalant and food allergens in symptomatic children at first evaluation

    No full text
    Background: Data on specific IgE sensitization prevalence in children with allergy-like symptoms seen in the primary care setting are rare. Early diagnosis of allergic diseases is important to prevent clinical manifestations, exacerbations or expansion of allergic diseases to other organ systems. The present study aims to assess the usefulness of early serological diagnosis in children with common allergic symptoms. Methods: 532 children (&lt;15 years of age), with at least one of ten allergy-like symptoms, from 21 primary care centers in two geographic areas of Italy and Spain were included in the study. Patients were tested with, either Phadiatop (R) Infant (0-5 years of age) or Phadiatop (R) and food mix (fx5e) (&gt;5 years of age) to discriminate atopic from non-atopic subjects. A blood sample of atopic subjects was taken for additional 6-26 specific IgE antibody determinations from a predefined panel using the ImmunoCAP (R) System. Results: 267 children (50.2 %) were positive in the initial test and were classified as atopic. 14 % were mono-sensitized, 37 % were sensitized to 2-3 allergens and 49 % to more than 3 allergens. The average number of symptoms in the atopic group was 3.3 vs 2.8 in the non-atopic group. The prevalence of sensitization to single allergens was highest for grass and ragweed pollen and house-dust mites (19-28 %). Sensitization to tree allergens was highest for olive tree (16.5 %). Cow's milk and egg white were the most sensitizing foods (similar to 15 %). Food allergen sensitization predominated in younger children (OR = 2.8) whereas the inverse occurred with inhalant allergens (OR = 2.5 to 5.6). A significant positive correlation between patient age and the number of sensitizations was found. Conclusions: Specific IgE sensitization in children with allergy-like symptoms is common. Multiple sensitization is predominating. Number of clinical symptoms was higher in the atopic group compared to the non-atopic without a correlation with the number of positive allergens. Age seems to play a crucial role in the development of sensitization with a significant positive correlation between patient age and the number of sensitizations

    Proceedings of the 2017 WAO Symposium on Hot Topics in Allergy: Pediatric & Regulatory Aspects

    Get PDF
    corecore