7,928 research outputs found

    Chemical evolution of Seyfert galaxies

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    We computed the chemical evolution of Seyfert galaxies, residing in spiral bulges, based on an updated model for the Milky Way bulge with updated calculations of the Galactic potential and of the feedback from the central supermassive black hole (BH) in a spherical approximation. We followed the evolution of bulges of masses 2×1091011M2\times 10^{9}-10^{11}M_{\odot} by scaling the star-formation efficiency and the bulge scalelenght as in the inverse-wind scenario for ellipticals. We successfully reproduced the observed relation between the BH mass and that of the host bulge, and the observed peak nuclear bolometric luminosity. The observed metal overabundances are easily achieved, as well as the constancy of chemical abundances with the redshift.Comment: 2 pages, 1 figure, to appear the proceedings of IAUS245 "Formation and Evolution of Galaxy Bulges

    SNe feedback and the formation of elliptical galaxies

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    The processes governing both the formation and evolution of elliptical galaxies are discussed by means of a new multi-zone photo-chemical evolution model for elliptical galaxies, taking into account detailed nucleosynthetic yields, feedback from supernovae, Pop III stars and an initial infall episode. By comparing model predictions with observations, we derive a picture of galaxy formation in which the higher is the mass of the galaxy, the shorter are the infall and the star formation timescales. In particular, by means of our model, we are able to reproduce the overabundance of Mg relative to Fe, observed in the nuclei of bright ellipticals, and its increase with galactic mass. This is a clear sign of an anti-hierarchical formation process. Therefore, in this scenario, the most massive objects are older than the less massive ones, in the sense that larger galaxies stop forming stars at earlier times. Each galaxy is created outside-in, i.e. the outermost regions accrete gas, form stars and develop a galactic wind very quickly, compared to the central core in which the star formation can last up to ~1.3 Gyr. This finding will be discussed at the light of recent observations of the galaxy NGC 4697 which clearly show a strong radial gradient in the mean stellar [] ratio. The role of galactic winds in the IGM/ICM enrichment will also be discussed.Comment: 3 pages, 2 figures, contributed paper to be published in the proceedings of" Origin of Matter and Evolution of Galaxies - New Horizon of Nuclear Astrophysics and Cosmology", Ed.S.Kubon