29 research outputs found

    From the Luzon Strait to the Tsushima Strait: Water masses and nutrient transport approached using 137Cs

    No full text
    More than 95% of the water flowing into the Sea of Japan comes from the Tsushima Strait, and 80% of it is Kuroshio Intimidate Water (KIW), which is rich in nutrients compared with Kuroshio surface Water and Kuroshio Tropical Water. However, there is a lack of direct evidence based on surveys or measurement data. Cs-137 in the subtropical mode water (STMW) that originated in the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant (FNPP1) accident is an excellent tracer which can be transported from the Kuroshio upstream to the Sea of Japan crossing the shelf edge of the East China Sea (ECS) via the KIW. It is also useful for research on the transport of nutrients from the KIW.Data and water samples were collected during the Hakuho-Maru KH-17-5 Cruise and the Nagasaki-Maru 464 Cruise in November and July 2017, respectively. Data from the KH-17-5 Cruise was used for the study of the area around the Luzon Strait and those of the Nagasaki-maru 464 Cruise was used for the study of area around the outer shelf region of the East China Sea and the Tsushima Strait. The Cs-137 active concentration was analyzed by Îł-Ray spectrometry after preconcentration. The turbulence intensity was measured using TurboMAP and VMP2000.The maximum Cs-137 concentration shows the existence of the subtropical mode water (STMW) in the Luzon Strait, the ECS and the Tsushima Strait, respectively, at the similar density (25.2-25.7 kg/m3), temperature (15-17℃) and salinity (34.60-34.75). Although their depth changes from 400 m in the Luzon Strait to 150 m at the shelf edge of the ECS and 100m in the East Channel of the Tsushima Strait, they can all be identified as the KIW because of the similar density. It is noteworthy that around Luzon Strait, the distribution of Cs-137 is influenced by strong vertical mixing. The percentage of nutrients transported to the Sea of Japan by KIW is estimated and this is meaningful to the ecosystem of the Sea of Japan.æ—„æœŹćœ°çƒæƒ‘æ˜Ÿç§‘ć­Šé€Łćˆ2019ćčŽć€§

    Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE), Far Detector Technical Design Report, Volume I Introduction to DUNE

    No full text
    International audienceThe preponderance of matter over antimatter in the early universe, the dynamics of the supernovae that produced the heavy elements necessary for life, and whether protons eventually decay—these mysteries at the forefront of particle physics and astrophysics are key to understanding the early evolution of our universe, its current state, and its eventual fate. The Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE) is an international world-class experiment dedicated to addressing these questions as it searches for leptonic charge-parity symmetry violation, stands ready to capture supernova neutrino bursts, and seeks to observe nucleon decay as a signature of a grand unified theory underlying the standard model. The DUNE far detector technical design report (TDR) describes the DUNE physics program and the technical designs of the single- and dual-phase DUNE liquid argon TPC far detector modules. This TDR is intended to justify the technical choices for the far detector that flow down from the high-level physics goals through requirements at all levels of the Project. Volume I contains an executive summary that introduces the DUNE science program, the far detector and the strategy for its modular designs, and the organization and management of the Project. The remainder of Volume I provides more detail on the science program that drives the choice of detector technologies and on the technologies themselves. It also introduces the designs for the DUNE near detector and the DUNE computing model, for which DUNE is planning design reports. Volume II of this TDR describes DUNE's physics program in detail. Volume III describes the technical coordination required for the far detector design, construction, installation, and integration, and its organizational structure. Volume IV describes the single-phase far detector technology. A planned Volume V will describe the dual-phase technology

    Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE), Far Detector Technical Design Report, Volume II: DUNE Physics

    No full text
    The preponderance of matter over antimatter in the early universe, the dynamics of the supernovae that produced the heavy elements necessary for life, and whether protons eventually decay -- these mysteries at the forefront of particle physics and astrophysics are key to understanding the early evolution of our universe, its current state, and its eventual fate. DUNE is an international world-class experiment dedicated to addressing these questions as it searches for leptonic charge-parity symmetry violation, stands ready to capture supernova neutrino bursts, and seeks to observe nucleon decay as a signature of a grand unified theory underlying the standard model. The DUNE far detector technical design report (TDR) describes the DUNE physics program and the technical designs of the single- and dual-phase DUNE liquid argon TPC far detector modules. Volume II of this TDR, DUNE Physics, describes the array of identified scientific opportunities and key goals. Crucially, we also report our best current understanding of the capability of DUNE to realize these goals, along with the detailed arguments and investigations on which this understanding is based. This TDR volume documents the scientific basis underlying the conception and design of the LBNF/DUNE experimental configurations. As a result, the description of DUNE's experimental capabilities constitutes the bulk of the document. Key linkages between requirements for successful execution of the physics program and primary specifications of the experimental configurations are drawn and summarized. This document also serves a wider purpose as a statement on the scientific potential of DUNE as a central component within a global program of frontier theoretical and experimental particle physics research. Thus, the presentation also aims to serve as a resource for the particle physics community at large

    Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE) Near Detector Conceptual Design Report

    No full text
    International audienceThe Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE) is an international, world-class experiment aimed at exploring fundamental questions about the universe that are at the forefront of astrophysics and particle physics research. DUNE will study questions pertaining to the preponderance of matter over antimatter in the early universe, the dynamics of supernovae, the subtleties of neutrino interaction physics, and a number of beyond the Standard Model topics accessible in a powerful neutrino beam. A critical component of the DUNE physics program involves the study of changes in a powerful beam of neutrinos, i.e., neutrino oscillations, as the neutrinos propagate a long distance. The experiment consists of a near detector, sited close to the source of the beam, and a far detector, sited along the beam at a large distance. This document, the DUNE Near Detector Conceptual Design Report (CDR), describes the design of the DUNE near detector and the science program that drives the design and technology choices. The goals and requirements underlying the design, along with projected performance are given. It serves as a starting point for a more detailed design that will be described in future documents

    Highly-parallelized simulation of a pixelated LArTPC on a GPU