1,921 research outputs found

    Phenomenology of Universal Extra Dimensions

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    In this proceeding, the phenomenology of Universal Extra Dimensions (UED), in which all the Standard Model fields propagate, is explored. We focus on models with one universal extra dimension, compactified on an S1/Z2S_1/Z_2 orbifold. We revisit calculations of Kaluza-Klein (KK) dark matter without an assumption of the KK mass degeneracy including all possible coannihilations. We then contrast the experimental signatures of low energy supersymmetry and UED.Comment: 4 pages, 6 figures, to appear in Proceedings of SUSY06, the 14th International Conference on Supersymmetry and the Unification of Fundamental Interactions, UC Irvine, California, 12-17 June 200

    A general method for determining the masses of semi-invisibly decaying particles at hadron colliders

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    We present a general solution to the long standing problem of determining the masses of pair-produced, semi-invisibly decaying particles at hadron colliders. We define two new transverse kinematic variables, MCTM_{CT_\perp} and MCTM_{CT_\parallel}, which are suitable one-dimensional projections of the contransverse mass MCTM_{CT}. We derive analytical formulas for the boundaries of the kinematically allowed regions in the (MCT,MCT)(M_{CT_\perp},M_{CT_\parallel}) and (MCT,MCT)(M_{CT_\perp},M_{CT}) parameter planes, and introduce suitable variables DCTD_{CT_\parallel} and DCTD_{CT} to measure the distance to those boundaries on an event per event basis. We show that the masses can be reliably extracted from the endpoint measurements of MCTmaxM_{CT_\perp}^{max} and DCTminD_{CT}^{min} (or DCTminD_{CT_\parallel}^{min}). We illustrate our method with dilepton ttˉt\bar{t} events at the LHC.Comment: thoroughly revised; all new figures; new results on pages 3 and 4; new illustrative example; includes detector simulation. 4 pages, 6 figures, uses revtex and axodra

    Higgs and Z-boson Signatures of Supersymmetry

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    In supersymmetric theories of nature the Higgsino fermionic superpartner of the Higgs boson can arise as the lightest standard model superpartner depending on the couplings between the Higgs and supersymmetry breaking sectors. In this letter the production and decay of Higgsino pairs to the Goldstone fermion of supersymmetry breaking and the Higgs boson, h, or gauge bosons, Z or γ\gamma are considered. Relatively clean di-boson final states, hh, hγh \gamma, hZ, ZγZ \gamma, or ZZ, with a large amount of missing energy result. The latter channels provide novel discovery modes for supersymmetry at high energy colliders since events with Z bosons are generally rejected in supersymmetry searches. In addition, final states with real Higgs bosons can potentially provide efficient channels to discover and study a Higgs signal at the Fermilab Tevatron Run II.Comment: 11 pages, LaTeX, 3 figure

    How to prove that the LHC did not discover dark matter

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    If the LHC is able to produce dark matter particles, they would appear at the end of cascade decay chains, manifesting themselves as missing transverse energy. However, such "dark matter candidates" may decay invisibly later on. We propose to test for this possibility by studying the effect of particle widths on the observable invariant mass distributions of the visible particles seen in the detector. We consider the simplest non-trivial case of a two-step two-body cascade decay and derive analytically the shapes of the invariant mass distributions, for generic values of the widths of the new particles. We demonstrate that the resulting distortion in the shape of the invariant mass distribution can be significant enough to measure the width of the dark matter "candidate", ruling it out as the source of the cosmological dark matter.Comment: 5 pages, 5 figure

    Light Axion within the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model

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    We analyze the Higgs sector in the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model, emphasizing the possibility of a light CP-odd scalar (axion) in the spectrum. We compute the coupling of the Standard-Model-like Higgs boson to a pair of axions, and show that it can be large enough to modify the Higgs branching fractions, with a significant impact on the Higgs searches. We delineate the range of parameters relevant for this scenario, and also derive analytic expressions for the scalar masses and couplings in two special cases - a decoupling limit where all scalars other than the axion are heavier than the Standard-Model-like Higgs boson, and the large tan beta limit.Comment: 28 pages, 6 figure

    Focus Point Supersymmetry: Proton Decay, Flavor and CP Violation, and the Higgs Boson Mass

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    In focus point supersymmetry, all squarks and sleptons, including those of the third generation, have multi-TeV masses without sacrificing naturalness. We examine the implications of this framework for low energy constraints and the light Higgs boson mass. Undesirable contributions to proton decay and electric dipole moments, generic in many supersymmetric models, are strongly suppressed. As a result, the prediction for alpha_s in simple grand unified theories is 3 to 5 standard deviations closer to the experimental value, and the allowed CP-violating phases are larger by one to two orders of magnitude. In addition, the very heavy top and bottom squarks of focus point supersymmetry naturally produce a Higgs boson mass at or above 115 GeV without requiring heavy gauginos. We conclude with an extended discussion of issues related to the definition of naturalness and comment on several other prescriptions given in the literature.Comment: 31 pages, 10 figures, references added, version to appear in Phys. Rev.

    Re-interpreting the Oxbridge stransverse mass variable MT2 in general cases

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    We extend the range of possible applications of MT2 type analyses to decay chains with multiple invisible particles, as well as to asymmetric event topologies with different parent and/or different children particles. We advocate two possible approaches. In the first, we introduce suitably defined 3+1-dimensional analogues of the MT2 variable, which take into account all relevant on-shell kinematic constraints in a given event topology. The second approach utilizes the conventional MT2 variable, but its kinematic endpoint is suitably reinterpreted on a case by case basis, depending on the specific event topology at hand. We provide the general prescription for this reinterpretation, including the formulas relating the measured MT2 endpoint (as a function of the test masses of all the invisible particles) to the underlying physical mass spectrum. We also provide analytical formulas for the shape of the differential distribution of the doubly projected MT2(perp) variable for the ten possible event topologies with one visible particle and up to two invisible particles per decay chain. We illustrate our results with the example of leptonic chargino decays, (chargino to lepton, neutrino and LSP) in supersymmetry.Comment: 36 pages, 9 figures, Preprint typeset in JHEP styl
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