246 research outputs found

    new beam scanning device for active beam delivery system bds in proton therapy

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    Abstract A new Beam Delivery System (BDS) has been studied in the framework of a new proton therapy project, called AMIDERHA. It is characterized by an active scanning system for target irradiation with a pencil beam. The project is based on the use of a Linac with variable final energy and the Robotized Patient Positioning System instead of the traditional gantry. As a consequence, in the active BDS of AMIDERHA a pencil beam scanning system with a relatively long Source to Axis Distance (SAD) can be used. In this contribution, the idea of using a unique new device capable of both horizontal and vertical beam scansion for the AMIDERHA active BDS will be presented and discussed. Furthermore, a preliminary design of that device will be shown, together with the results of simulations

    Exploring neutron channel solutions at CERN/n TOF for the Cosmological Lithium Problem

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    New measurements of the 7Be(n, α) 4He and 7Be(n, p) 7Li reaction cross sections from thermal to keV neutron energies have been performed at CERN/n TOF. High purity 7Be material was produced at the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) and implanted at CERN/ISOLDE, demonstrating the feasibility of neutron measurements on samples produced at radioactive beam facilities. The cross sections are significantly higher than previously determined, at low energies. The new estimate of the 7Be destruction rate based on these new results yields a decrease of the predicted cosmological 7Li abundance, insufficient to provide a viable solution to the Cosmological Lithium Problem (CLiP). The two n TOF measurements can finally rule out neutron-induced reactions as a potential explanation of the CLiP, leaving all alternative physics and astronomical scenarios still open

    Cross section measurements of 155,157Gd(n, Îł) induced by thermal and epithermal neutrons

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    Neutron capture cross section measurements on 155Gd and 157Gd were performed using the time-of-flight technique at the n_TOF facility at CERN on isotopically enriched samples. The measurements were carried out in the n_TOF experimental area EAR1, at 185 m from the neutron source, with an array of 4 C6D6 liquid scintillation detectors. At a neutron kinetic energy of 0.0253 eV, capture cross sections of 62.2(2.2) and 239.8(8.4) kilobarn have been derived for 155Gd and 157Gd, respectively, with up to 6% deviation relative to values presently reported in nuclear data libraries, but consistent with those values within 1.6 standard deviations. A resonance shape analysis has been performed in the resolved resonance region up to 181 eV and 307 eV, respectively for 155Gd and 157Gd, where on average, resonance parameters have been found in good agreement with evaluations. Above these energies and up to 1 keV, the observed resonance-like structure of the cross section has been analysed and characterised. From a statistical analysis of the observed neutron resonances we deduced: neutron strength function of 2. 01 (28) × 10 - 4 and 2. 17 (41) × 10 - 4; average total radiative width of 106.8(14) meV and 101.1(20) meV and s-wave resonance spacing 1.6(2) eV and 4.8(5) eV for n + 155Gd and n + 157Gd systems, respectively.European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) 605203Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad FPA2014-52823-C2-1-

    VHMPID: a new detector for the ALICE experiment at LHC

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    This article presents the basic idea of VHMPID, an upgrade detector for the ALICE experiment at LHC, CERN. The main goal of this detector is to extend the particle identification capabilities of ALICE to give more insight into the evolution of the hot and dense matter created in Pb-Pb collisions. Starting from the physics motivations and working principles the challenges and current status of development is detailed.Comment: 4 pages, 6 figures. To be published in EPJ Web of Conference

    Ni-62(n,gamma) and Ni-63(n,gamma) cross sections measured at the n_TOF facility at CERN

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    The cross section of the Ni-62(n,gamma) reaction was measured with the time-of-flight technique at the neutron time-of-flight facility n_TOF at CERN. Capture kernels of 42 resonances were analyzed up to 200 keV neutron energy and Maxwellian averaged cross sections (MACS) from kT = 5-100 keV were calculated. With a total uncertainty of 4.5%, the stellar cross section is in excellent agreement with the the KADoNiS compilation at kT = 30 keV, while being systematically lower up to a factor of 1.6 at higher stellar temperatures. The cross section of the Ni-63(n,gamma) reaction was measured for the first time at n_TOF. We determined unresolved cross sections from 10 to 270 keV with a systematic uncertainty of 17%. These results provide fundamental constraints on s-process production of heavier species, especially the production of Cu in massive stars, which serve as the dominant source of Cu in the solar system.Peer reviewedFinal Accepted Versio

    Measurement of 73 Ge(n,Îł) cross sections and implications for stellar nucleosynthesis

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    © 2019 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V.73 Ge(n,γ) cross sections were measured at the neutron time-of-flight facility n_TOF at CERN up to neutron energies of 300 keV, providing for the first time experimental data above 8 keV. Results indicate that the stellar cross section at kT=30 keV is 1.5 to 1.7 times higher than most theoretical predictions. The new cross sections result in a substantial decrease of 73 Ge produced in stars, which would explain the low isotopic abundance of 73 Ge in the solar system.Peer reviewe

    The 33S(n,α)30Si cross section measurement at n-TOF-EAR2 (CERN) : From 0.01 eV to the resonance region

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    The 33S(n,α)30Si cross section measurement, using 10B(n,α) as reference, at the n-TOF Experimental Area 2 (EAR2) facility at CERN is presented. Data from 0.01 eV to 100 keV are provided and, for the first time, the cross section is measured in the range from 0.01 eV to 10 keV. These data may be used for a future evaluation of the cross section because present evaluations exhibit large discrepancies. The 33S(n,α)30Si reaction is of interest in medical physics because of its possible use as a cooperative target to boron in Neutron Capture Therapy (NCT)