106,363 research outputs found

    Segmented back-up bar Patent

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    Segmented back-up bar for butt welding large tubular structures such as rocket booster bodies or tank

    Phase behaviour of attractive and repulsive ramp fluids: integral equation and computer simulation studies

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    Using computer simulations and a thermodynamically self consistent integral equation we investigate the phase behaviour and thermodynamic anomalies of a fluid composed of spherical particles interacting via a two-scale ramp potential (a hard core plus a repulsive and an attractive ramp) and the corresponding purely repulsive model. Both simulation and integral equation results predict a liquid-liquid de-mixing when attractive forces are present, in addition to a gas-liquid transition. Furthermore, a fluid-solid transition emerges in the neighbourhood of the liquid-liquid transition region, leading to a phase diagram with a somewhat complicated topology. This solidification at moderate densities is also present in the repulsive ramp fluid, thus preventing fluid-fluid separation.Comment: 29 pages, 10 figure

    Phase behaviour of the confined lattice gas Lebwohl-Lasher model

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    The phase behaviour of the Lebwohl-Lasher lattice gas model (one of the simplest representations of a nematogenic fluid) confined in a slab is investigated by means of extensive Monte Carlo simulations. The model is known to yield a first order gas-liquid transition in both the 2D and 3D limits, that is coupled with an orientational order-disorder transition. This latter transition happens to be first order in the 3D limit and it shares some characteristic features with the continuous defect mediated Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless transition in 2D. In this work we will analyze in detail the behaviour of this system taking full advantage of the lattice nature of the model and the particular symmetry of the interaction potential, which allows for the use of efficient cluster algorithms.Comment: 6 pages, 5 figure

    Universality of Low-Energy Scattering in 2+1 Dimensions: The Non Symmetric Case

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    For a very large class of potentials, V(x)V(\vec{x}), xR2\vec{x}\in R^2, we prove the universality of the low energy scattering amplitude, f(k,k)f(\vec{k}', \vec{k}). The result is f=π2{1/logk)+O(1/(logk)2)f=\sqrt{\frac{\pi}{2}}\{1/log k)+O(1/(log k)^2). The only exceptions occur if VV happens to have a zero energy bound state. Our new result includes as a special subclass the case of rotationally symmetric potentials, V(x)V(|\vec{x}|).Comment: 65 pages, Latex, significant changes, new sections and appendice

    Resonant Orbits and the High Velocity Peaks Towards the Bulge

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    We extract the resonant orbits from an N-body bar that is a good representation of the Milky Way, using the method recently introduced by Molloy et al. (2015). By decomposing the bar into its constituent orbit families, we show that they are intimately connected to the boxy-peanut shape of the density. We highlight the imprint due solely to resonant orbits on the kinematic landscape towards the Galactic centre. The resonant orbits are shown to have distinct kinematic features and may be used to explain the cold velocity peak seen in the APOGEE commissioning data (Nidever at al., 2012). We show that high velocity peaks are a natural consequence of the motions of stars in the 2:1 orbit family and that stars on other higher order resonances can contribute to the peaks. The locations of the peaks vary with bar angle and, with the tacit assumption that the observed peaks are due to the 2:1 family, we find that the locations of the high velocity peaks correspond to bar angles in the range 10 < theta_bar < 25 (deg). However, some important questions about the nature of the peaks remain, such as their apparent absence in other surveys of the Bulge and the deviations from symmetry between equivalent fields in the north and south. We show that the absence of a peak in surveys at higher latitudes is likely due to the combination of a less prominent peak and a lower number density of bar supporting orbits at these latitudes.Comment: 7 Figures, 1 Table, Now includes figures & discussion of higher order resonances, Minor revisions to text throughout, Conclusions unchange

    ac Stark shift and multiphoton-like resonances in low-frequency driven optical lattices

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    We suggest that Bose-Einstein condensates in optical lattices subjected to ac forcing with a smooth envelope may provide detailed experimental access to multiphoton-like transitions between ac-Stark-shifted Bloch bands. Such transitions correspond to resonances described theoretically by avoided quasienergy crossings. We show that the width of such anticrossings can be inferred from measurements involving asymmetric pulses. We also introduce a pulse tracking strategy for locating the particular driving amplitudes for which resonances occur. Our numerical calculations refer to a currently existing experimental set-up [Haller et al., PRL 104, 200403 (2010)].Comment: 5 pages, 6 figure

    Interface states and anomalous quantum oscillations in graphene hybrid structures

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    One- and two-layer graphene have recently been shown to feature new physical phenomena such as unconventional quantum Hall effects and prospects of supporting a non-silicon technological platform using epitaxial graphene. While both one- and two-layer graphene have been studied extensively, continuous sheets of graphene possessing both parts have not yet been explored. Here we report a study of such graphene hybrid structures. In a bulk hybrid featuring two large-area one- and two-layer graphene and an interface between them, two sets of Landau levels and features related to the interface were found. In edge hybrids featuring a large two-layer graphene with narrow one-layer graphene edges, we observed an anomalous suppression in quantum oscillation amplitude due to the locking of one- and two-layer graphene Fermi energies and emergent chiral interface states. These findings demonstrate the importance of these hybrid structures whose unique interface states and related phenomena deserve further studies.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figure
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