2,152 research outputs found

    Weak Ferromagnetic Exchange and Anomalous Specific Heat in ZnCu3(OH)6Cl2

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    Experimental evidence for a plethora of low energy spin excitations in the spin-1/2 kagome antiferromagnet ZnCu3(OH)6Cl2 may be understandable in terms of an extended Fermi surface of spinons coupled to a U(1) gauge field. We carry out variational calculations to examine the possibility that such a state may be energetically viable. A Gutzwiller-projected wavefunction reproduces the dimerization of a kagome strip found previously by DMRG. Application to the full kagome lattice shows that the inclusion of a small ferromagnetic next-nearest-neighbor interaction favors a ground state with a spinon Fermi surface.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figures, some clarifications to the tex

    Statistics of the General Circulation from Cumulant Expansions

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    Large-scale atmospheric flows may not be so nonlinear as to preclude their statistical description by systematic expansions in cumulants. I extend previous work by examining a two-layer baroclinic model of the general circulation. The fixed point of the cumulant expansion describes the statistically steady state of the out-of-equilibrium model. Equal-time statistics so obtained agree well with those accumulated by direct numerical simulation.Comment: 1 page paper with 4 figures that accompanies one of the winning entries in the APS gallery of nonlinear images competitio

    Confinement of matter fields in compact (2+1)-dimensional QED theory of high-TcT_{c} superconductors

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    We study confinement of matter fields in the effective compact (2+1)-dimensional QED theory of high-TcT_{c} superconductors. It is shown that the monopole configurations do not affect the propagator of gauge potential aμa_{\mu}. Based on this result, we found that: chiral symmetry breaking and confinement take place simultaneously in the antiferromagnetic state; neither monopole effect nor Anderson-Higgs mechanism can cause confinement in the d-wave superconducting state.Comment: 5 pages, no figure