10 research outputs found

    Global health in transition: The coming of neoliberalism

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    Global health as a transnational, intergovernmental, value-based initiative led by the World Health Organization (WHO), working toward improving health and achieving equity in health for all people worldwide, has for years yielded to a growing reliance on corporate-led solutions. Private organizations, non-governmental organizations (NGO), religious and other philanthropic and charitable organizations, increasingly serve a dominant role in setting the global health agenda. Short-term success in combating epidemics and in the provision of funding for project-based initiatives appeals to supporters of marketization of health services. For 30 years, a neoliberal paradigm has dominated the international political economy and hence the governance of global health. A utilitarian logic or the ethics of consequentialism have attained prominence under such banners as effective altruism or venture philanthropy.  This contrasts with the merits and relevance of deontological ethics in which rules and moral duty are central. This paper seeks to explain how neo-liberalism became a governing precept and paradigm for global health governance. A priority is to unmask terms and precepts serving as ethos or moral character for corporate actions that benefit vested stakeholders.   &nbsp

    The corporatization of global health: The impact of neoliberalism

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    Concomitant with the emergence of a neoliberal precept for global health is the decline in support for publicly funded programs working to alleviate health disparities in poor countries. An unequivocal faith in the privatization and marketization of public health services is evident in current day national policy reforms.  Commodification of health services is perceived as a cure-all. Privatization of global health initiatives contrasts with the past institutional paradigm. Corporate and philanthropic power trumps intergovernmental governance. The epistemological precept is clear: Global health is best served with mandated private initiatives. Powerful foundations cause critical shifts in the balance of power among stakeholders and become preeminent players in global health policy agenda formation. The ethics of consequentialism have attained current day prominence. This contrasts with the merits and relevancy of de-ontological ethics in which rules and moral duty are central. In this paper, authors make a case for contesting the ethos of effective altruism or venture philanthropy, suggesting that this approach keeps nations and people from recognizing the oppressive nature of neoliberalism as a governing precept for global health

    Global health in transition: The coming of neoliberalism

    Get PDF
     Global health as a transnational, intergovernmental, value-based initiative led by the World Health Organization (WHO), working toward improving health and achieving equity in health for all people worldwide, has for years yielded to a growing reliance on corporate-led solutions. Private organizations, non-governmental organizations (NGO), religious and other philanthropic and charitable organizations, increasingly serve a dominant role in setting the global health agenda. Short-term success in combating epidemics and in the provision of funding for project-based initiatives appeals to supporters of marketization of health services. For 30 years, a neoliberal paradigm has dominated the international political economy and hence the governance of global health. A utilitarian logic or the ethics of consequentialism have attained prominence under such banners as effective altruism or venture philanthropy.  This contrasts with the merits and relevance of deontological ethics in which rules and moral duty are central. This paper seeks to explain how neo-liberalism became a governing precept and paradigm for global health governance. A priority is to unmask terms and precepts serving as ethos or moral character for corporate actions that benefit vested stakeholders.  

    The influence of stakeholder groups on organizational decision-making in public hospitals

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    he thesis presents a contextual analysis that makes an exposition of the structural contingencies of the Norwegian welfare state. A descriptive/ empirical analysis of the public hospital‚Äôs decision-making processes provides insight into how stakeholder groups shape the premises of the public hospital‚Äôs value creation-process. The thesis‚Äô theoretical propositions are vested in hospitals‚Äô efforts to achieve a stakeholder balance between competing constituent interests. A thesis proposal on descriptive/empirical stakeholder theory is exempt from normative prescriptions on the intrinsic value of all stakeholder groups. The ‚Äústakeholder theory of detachment‚ÄĚ See thesis section 11.5.3 ‚ÄúTheoretical contributions‚ÄĚ. reflects thesis findings that stakeholder management takes place in a departmentalized fashion without an integrated operations perspective. A conceptualization of ‚Äústakeholder compliance‚ÄĚ See thesis section 11.5.3 ‚ÄúTheoretical contributions‚ÄĚ. is introduced and vizualises the embedded nature of stakeholder management in public hospitals. The model is grounded in the empirical accounts on how stakeholder management employs differentiated decision processing techniques at different organizational levels to achieve an optimum balance between competing constituent interests. The thesis summary and conclusions culminate in a set of implications. These address the need for a renewed national discourse on the governance of public hospitals. The thesis empirical findings on the consequences of non-integrated stakeholder management, call for reviews of governance models and managerial practices. Empirical evidence confirms a pattern of decisional sedimentation in which executive-, operational- and ward hospital management work strategically detached on issues of overall strategic importance. The thesis contends that hegemonic and autonomous management make room for staged and manipulative stakeholder behavior. As generalized through this empirical field study, the operational practices of public hospitals exempts authorities from the exercise of rational choice

    Power and piety : church topography and episcopal influence in Northern Iceland 1106-1318 A.D.

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    In this thesis I will address the church topography of the northern of Iceland‚Äôs two bishoprics in the period from it establishment in 1106 to 1318. The last was the year in which bishop Au√įun rau√įi √ěorbergsson of H√≥lar issued a church register, accounting for the churches in his bishopric. A curious distribution of high-status churches is revealed from this document, with a near total lack of them in the vicinity of the epsicopal seat, while frequent appearances of them in the other regions of the north. Possible reasons for this apparently inconsistent spatial distribution of status churches in H√≥lar bishopric will be considered. Factors to be discussed include the consequences from the stablishment of the epsicopal seat, and various aspects of episcopal power and influence, seen in relation to secular interests. Moreover, I will consider the settlement pattern in the bishopric, as well as the relevance of the absence of a town in the area. Norwegian influence on the Icelandic Church, particularly manifested in church reforms originating from the archbishop in Nidaros in Tr√łndelag, will also be discussed. Important when considering several of these elements is the presupposition that social power is achievable through materialisation of ideology, and the control of this. Two ways in which materialisation of ideology can appear are as monuments and ceremonies, both of which can contribute to making ideology an effective source of social power when controlled by a dominant group. In order to shed new light on the church topography in H√≥lar bishopric, I will introduce a comparative material from Tr√łndelag, i.e. the core area of Nidaros archbishopric. Following the establishment of the new archbishopric of Nidaros in 1152/53, it became easier for the archbishop to deal with matters of the Church in Iceland, and even more so from the middle of the 13th century, when Iceland came under Norwegian rule

    The corporatization of global health: The impact of neoliberalism

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    Concomitant with the emergence of a neoliberal precept for global health is the decline in support for publicly funded programs working to alleviate health disparities in poor countries. An unequivocal faith in the privatization and marketization of public health services is evident in current day national policy reforms.  Commodification of health services is perceived as a cure-all. Privatization of global health initiatives contrasts with the past institutional paradigm. Corporate and philanthropic power trumps intergovernmental governance. The epistemological precept is clear: Global health is best served with mandated private initiatives. Powerful foundations cause critical shifts in the balance of power among stakeholders and become preeminent players in global health policy agenda formation. The ethics of consequentialism have attained current day prominence. This contrasts with the merits and relevancy of de-ontological ethics in which rules and moral duty are central. In this paper, authors make a case for contesting the ethos of effective altruism or venture philanthropy, suggesting that this approach keeps nations and people from recognizing the oppressive nature of neoliberalism as a governing precept for global health.  

    Kongsg√•rdprosjektet Avaldsnes: Stolpebygde hus, produksjonsplass, dyrkningsspor, steinkonstruksjon, kokegroper og naust fra jernalder og ruin fra middelalder. Avaldsnes presteg√•rd, 85/1, Karm√ły kommune, Rogaland.

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    Kongsg√•rdprosjektet Avaldsnes er et forskningsprosjekt ved Kulturhistorisk museum, Universitetet i Oslo. Prosjektets overordnede m√•lsetning er √• fremskaffe ny kunnskap om det tidlige norske konged√łmmet og dets forhistorie i det f√łrste √•rtusen etter Kristus. Hvor langt tilbake kan kongemakt spores og hvordan den har endret seg? Som det fremg√•r av prosjektets tittel, Kongsg√•rdprosjektet Avaldsnes, s√• vektlegger prosjektet kongsg√•rdenes rolle i det tidlige konged√łmmet og i dets forhistorie. I dette legges b√•de kongsg√•rdenes milit√¶rstrategiske betydning, utgangspunktet for kontroll over ferdsel og handel, s√• vel som kongsg√•rden som produksjonsenhet og innsamlingspunkt for h√•ndverk og h√łystatusvarer samt matvarer for kongen og hans f√łlge. Flere av disse kongsg√•rdene har √•penbart tilh√łrt konger og mektige lenge f√łr de ble kongsg√•rder i rikskonged√łmmet, og enkelte fortsatte √• spille en rolle for konged√łmmet utover i middelalderen. For √• etablere et tilstrekkelig grunnlag for √• unders√łke det aktuelle forskningstemaet, var det n√łdvendig √• kartlegge karakteristiske trekk for en kongsg√•rd. Prosjektets unders√łkelsesobjekt er Avaldsnes p√• Karm√ły, og utgravningen p√• Avaldsnes er prosjektets hovedaktivitet. Resultatene fra utgravningene, naturvitenskapelige analyser og materialanalyser er planlagt publisert som det f√łrste av to bind fra Kongsg√•rdprosjektet Avaldsnes (Skre 2010). Forskningsprosjektet baserer seg ogs√• p√• eksisterende kildemateriale fra omkringliggende regioner, og problemstillingene vil bli sett i sammenheng med samtidige forhold i Skandinavia og omkring Nordsj√łen. Prosjektet er organisert i en rekke delprosjekter og resultatene fra disse er planlagt publisert som bind 2 fra Kongsg√•rdprosjektet Avaldsnes. Denne rapporten omhandler den arkeologiske feltunders√łkelsen p√• Avaldsnes, Karm√ły kommune, Rogaland i periodene 14.06.-09.09.11 og 07.05-17.08.12. Prosjektleder: Dagfinn Skre

    Innovasjonsarbeid i FME-ene, mars 2020

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    Fra innledningen. FME ZEN er et senter for milj√łvennlig energi som skal utvikle l√łsninger for framtidens bygninger og byomr√•der ‚Äď l√łsninger som bidrar til at nullut-slippssamfunnet kan realiseres. FME ZEN skal vare i √•tte √•r (2017-2024), og budsjettet er p√• cirka 380 millioner kroner, finansiert av Norges forskningsr√•d, forsknings-partnerne NTNU og SINTEF, og brukerpartnerne fra privat og offentlig sektor. NTNU er verts-institusjon og leder senteret sammen med SINTEF Community og SINTEF Energi. FME ZEN forsker p√• nullutslipps-omr√•der (ZEN = Zero Emission Neighbourhood) i smarte byer. Forskere, kommuner, industri og statlige organisasjoner samarbeider i FME ZEN for √• planlegge, utvikle og drifte omr√•der med null klimagass-utslipp, over levetiden til omr√•dene. ZEN-senteret har ni pilotprosjekter fordelt over hele Norge, som til sammen omfatter et areal p√• mer enn 1 million m2 og totalt mer enn 30 000 innbyggere

    Innovasjonsarbeid i FME-ene, mars 2020

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    Fra innledningen. FME ZEN er et senter for milj√łvennlig energi som skal utvikle l√łsninger for framtidens bygninger og byomr√•der ‚Äď l√łsninger som bidrar til at nullut-slippssamfunnet kan realiseres. FME ZEN skal vare i √•tte √•r (2017-2024), og budsjettet er p√• cirka 380 millioner kroner, finansiert av Norges forskningsr√•d, forsknings-partnerne NTNU og SINTEF, og brukerpartnerne fra privat og offentlig sektor. NTNU er verts-institusjon og leder senteret sammen med SINTEF Community og SINTEF Energi. FME ZEN forsker p√• nullutslipps-omr√•der (ZEN = Zero Emission Neighbourhood) i smarte byer. Forskere, kommuner, industri og statlige organisasjoner samarbeider i FME ZEN for √• planlegge, utvikle og drifte omr√•der med null klimagass-utslipp, over levetiden til omr√•dene. ZEN-senteret har ni pilotprosjekter fordelt over hele Norge, som til sammen omfatter et areal p√• mer enn 1 million m2 og totalt mer enn 30 000 innbyggere.publishedVersio

    Innovasjonsarbeid i FME-ene, mars 2020

    No full text
    Fra innledningen. FME ZEN er et senter for milj√łvennlig energi som skal utvikle l√łsninger for framtidens bygninger og byomr√•der ‚Äď l√łsninger som bidrar til at nullut-slippssamfunnet kan realiseres. FME ZEN skal vare i √•tte √•r (2017-2024), og budsjettet er p√• cirka 380 millioner kroner, finansiert av Norges forskningsr√•d, forsknings-partnerne NTNU og SINTEF, og brukerpartnerne fra privat og offentlig sektor. NTNU er verts-institusjon og leder senteret sammen med SINTEF Community og SINTEF Energi. FME ZEN forsker p√• nullutslipps-omr√•der (ZEN = Zero Emission Neighbourhood) i smarte byer. Forskere, kommuner, industri og statlige organisasjoner samarbeider i FME ZEN for √• planlegge, utvikle og drifte omr√•der med null klimagass-utslipp, over levetiden til omr√•dene. ZEN-senteret har ni pilotprosjekter fordelt over hele Norge, som til sammen omfatter et areal p√• mer enn 1 million m2 og totalt mer enn 30 000 innbyggere
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