424 research outputs found

    Triggering and W-Polarisation Studies with CMS at the LHC

    No full text
    Results from studies on the commissioning of the Global Calorimeter Trigger (GCT) of the CMS experiment are presented. Event-by-event comparisons of the hardware with a bit-level software emulation are used to achieve 100% agreement for all trigger quantities. In addition, a missing energy trigger based on jets is motivated using a simulation study, and consequently implemented and commissioned in the GCT. Furthermore, a templated-fit method for measuring the polarisation of W bosons at the LHC in the ‚ÄúHelicity Frame‚ÄĚ is developed, and validated in simulation. An analysis of the first 3.2 pb‚ąí1 of ‚ąö s = 7 TeV LHC data in the muon channel yields values of (fL ‚ąí fR)+ = 0.347 ¬Ī 0.070, f+ 0 = 0.240 ¬Ī 0.176, and (fL ‚ąí fR)‚ąí = 0.097 ¬Ī 0.088, f‚ąí 0 = 0.262 ¬Ī 0.196 for positive and negative charges respectively. The errors quoted are statistical. A preliminary systematic study is also presented

    Closing in on the Tip of the CMSSM Stau Coannihilation Strip

    Full text link
    Near the tip of the stau coannihilation strip in the CMSSM with a neutralino LSP, the astrophysical cold dark matter density constraint forces the stau-neutralino mass difference to be small. If this mass difference is smaller than the tau mass, the stau may decay either in the outer part of an LHC detector - the `disappearing track' signature - or be sufficiently long-lived to leave the detector before decaying - the long-lived massive charged-particle signature. We combine searches for these signatures with conventional missing transverse energy searches during LHC Run 1, identifying the small remaining parts of the CMSSM stau coannihilation strip region that have not yet been excluded, and discussing how they may be explored during Run 2 of the LHC.Comment: 19 pages, 6 figures. Fig. 1 and the corresponding text are changed due to the updated ATLAS result (ref.[16]). More details of our simulation are provided in Section 3.1. The caption of Fig. 6 and the corresponding text are changed. Matches the published versio

    LHC Missing-Transverse-Energy Constraints on Models with Universal Extra Dimensions

    Full text link
    We consider the performance of the ATLAS and CMS searches for events with missing transverse energy, which were originally motivated by supersymmetry, in constraining extensions of the Standard Model based on extra dimensions, in which the mass differences between recurrences at the same level are generically smaller than the mass hierarchies in typical supersymmetric models. We consider first a toy model with pair-production of a single vector-like quark U1 decaying into a spin-zero stable particle A1 and jet, exploring the sensitivity of the CMS alphaT and ATLAS meff analysis to U1 mass and the U1-A1 mass difference. For this purpose we use versions of the Delphes generic detector simulation with CMS and ATLAS cards, which have been shown to reproduce the published results of CMS and ATLAS searches for supersymmetry. We then explore the sensitivity of these searches to a specific model with two universal extra dimensions, whose signal is dominated by the pair production of quark recurrences, including searches with leptons. We find that the LHC searches have greater sensitivity to this more realistic model, due partly to the contributions of signatures with leptons, and partly to events with large missing transverse energy generated by the decays of higher-level Kaluza-Klein recurrences. We find that the CMS alphaT analysis with ~5/fb of data at 7 TeV excludes a recurrence scale of 600 GeV at a confidence level above 99%, increasing to 99.9% when combined with the CMS single-lepton search, whereas a recurrence scale of 700 GeV is disfavoured at the 72% confidence level.Comment: 29 pages, 11 figures, 5 tables, references adde

    Differential cross section measurements for the production of a W boson in association with jets in proton‚Äďproton collisions at ‚ąös = 7 TeV

    Get PDF
    Measurements are reported of differential cross sections for the production of a W boson, which decays into a muon and a neutrino, in association with jets, as a function of several variables, including the transverse momenta (pT) and pseudorapidities of the four leading jets, the scalar sum of jet transverse momenta (HT), and the difference in azimuthal angle between the directions of each jet and the muon. The data sample of pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV was collected with the CMS detector at the LHC and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 5.0 fb[superscript ‚ąí1]. The measured cross sections are compared to predictions from Monte Carlo generators, MadGraph + pythia and sherpa, and to next-to-leading-order calculations from BlackHat + sherpa. The differential cross sections are found to be in agreement with the predictions, apart from the pT distributions of the leading jets at high pT values, the distributions of the HT at high-HT and low jet multiplicity, and the distribution of the difference in azimuthal angle between the leading jet and the muon at low values.United States. Dept. of EnergyNational Science Foundation (U.S.)Alfred P. Sloan Foundatio

    Juxtaposing BTE and ATE ‚Äď on the role of the European insurance industry in funding civil litigation