652 research outputs found

    Dunajski generalization of the second heavenly equation: dressing method and the hierarchy

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    Dunajski generalization of the second heavenly equation is studied. A dressing scheme applicable to Dunajski equation is developed, an example of constructing solutions in terms of implicit functions is considered. Dunajski equation hierarchy is described, its Lax-Sato form is presented. Dunajsky equation hierarchy is characterized by conservation of three-dimensional volume form, in which a spectral variable is taken into account.Comment: 13 page

    New reductions of integrable matrix PDEs: Sp(m)Sp(m)-invariant systems

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    We propose a new type of reduction for integrable systems of coupled matrix PDEs; this reduction equates one matrix variable with the transposition of another multiplied by an antisymmetric constant matrix. Via this reduction, we obtain a new integrable system of coupled derivative mKdV equations and a new integrable variant of the massive Thirring model, in addition to the already known systems. We also discuss integrable semi-discretizations of the obtained systems and present new soliton solutions to both continuous and semi-discrete systems. As a by-product, a new integrable semi-discretization of the Manakov model (self-focusing vector NLS equation) is obtained.Comment: 33 pages; (v4) to appear in JMP; This paper states clearly that the elementary function solutions of (a vector/matrix generalization of) the derivative NLS equation can be expressed as the partial xx-derivatives of elementary functions. Explicit soliton solutions are given in the author's talks at http://poisson.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~tsuchida

    Soliton dynamics in deformable nonlinear lattices

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    We describe wave propagation and soliton localization in photonic lattices which are induced in a nonlinear medium by an optical interference pattern, taking into account the inherent lattice deformations at the soliton location. We obtain exact analytical solutions and identify the key factors defining soliton mobility, including the effects of gap merging and lattice imbalance, underlying the differences with discrete and gap solitons in conventional photonic structures.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figure

    On the dispersionless Kadomtsev-Petviashvili equation in n+1 dimensions: exact solutions, the Cauchy problem for small initial data and wave breaking

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    We study the (n+1)-dimensional generalization of the dispersionless Kadomtsev-Petviashvili (dKP) equation, a universal equation describing the propagation of weakly nonlinear, quasi one dimensional waves in n+1 dimensions, and arising in several physical contexts, like acoustics, plasma physics and hydrodynamics. For n=2, this equation is integrable, and it has been recently shown to be a prototype model equation in the description of the two dimensional wave breaking of localized initial data. We construct an exact solution of the n+1 dimensional model containing an arbitrary function of one variable, corresponding to its parabolic invariance, describing waves, constant on their paraboloidal wave front, breaking simultaneously in all points of it. Then we use such solution to build a uniform approximation of the solution of the Cauchy problem, for small and localized initial data, showing that such a small and localized initial data evolving according to the (n+1)-dimensional dKP equation break, in the long time regime, if and only if n=1,2,3; i.e., in physical space. Such a wave breaking takes place, generically, in a point of the paraboloidal wave front, and the analytic aspects of it are given explicitly in terms of the small initial data.Comment: 20 pages, 10 figures, few formulas adde

    The Cauchy Problem on the Plane for the Dispersionless Kadomtsev - Petviashvili Equation

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    We construct the formal solution of the Cauchy problem for the dispersionless Kadomtsev - Petviashvili equation as application of the Inverse Scattering Transform for the vector field corresponding to a Newtonian particle in a time-dependent potential. This is in full analogy with the Cauchy problem for the Kadomtsev - Petviashvili equation, associated with the Inverse Scattering Transform of the time dependent Schroedinger operator for a quantum particle in a time-dependent potential.Comment: 10 pages, submitted to JETP Letter

    Integrable dispersionless PDEs arising as commutation condition of pairs of vector fields

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    We review some results about the theory of integrable dispersionless PDEs arising as commutation condition of pairs of one-parameter families of vector fields, developed by the authors during the last years. We review, in particular, the formal aspects of a novel Inverse Spectral Transform including, as inverse problem, a nonlinear Riemann - Hilbert (NRH) problem, allowing one i) to solve the Cauchy problem for the target PDE; ii) to construct classes of RH spectral data for which the NRH problem is exactly solvable; iii) to construct the longtime behavior of the solutions of such PDE; iv) to establish if a localized initial datum breaks at finite time. We also comment on the existence of recursion operators and Backl\"und - Darboux transformations for integrable dispersionless PDEs.Comment: 17 pages, 1 figure. Written rendition of the talk presented by one of the authors (PMS) at the PMNP 2013 Conference, in a special session dedicated to the memory of S. V. Manakov. To appear in the Proceedings of the Conference PMNP 2013, IOP Conference Serie

    On the solutions of the dKP equation: nonlinear Riemann Hilbert problem, longtime behaviour, implicit solutions and wave breaking

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    We make use of the nonlinear Riemann Hilbert problem of the dispersionless Kadomtsev Petviashvili equation, i) to construct the longtime behaviour of the solutions of its Cauchy problem; ii) to characterize a class of implicit solutions; iii) to elucidate the spectral mechanism causing the gradient catastrophe of localized solutions, at finite time as well as in the longtime regime, and the corresponding universal behaviours near breaking.Comment: 33 pages, 10 figures, few formulas update
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