5,848 research outputs found

    Large-N transition temperature for superconducting films in a magnetic field

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    We consider the NN-component Ginzburg-Landau model in the large NN limit, the system being embedded in an external constant magnetic field and confined between two parallel planes a distance LL apart from one another. On physical grounds, this corresponds to a material in the form of a film in the presence of an external magnetic field. Using techniques from dimensional and zetazeta-function regularization, modified by the external field and the confinement conditions, we investigate the behavior of the system as a function of the film thickness LL. This behavior suggests the existence of a minimal critical thickness below which superconductivity is suppressed.Comment: Revtex, two column, 4 pages, 2 figure

    Non-Commutative Complete Mellin Representation for Feynman Amplitudes

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    We extend the complete Mellin (CM) representation of Feynman amplitudes to the non-commutative quantum field theories. This representation is a versatile tool. It provides a quick proof of meromorphy of Feynman amplitudes in parameters such as the dimension of space-time. In particular it paves the road for the dimensional renormalization of these theories. This complete Mellin representation also allows the study of asymptotic behavior under rescaling of arbitrary subsets of external invariants of any Feynman amplitude.Comment: 14 pages, no figur

    Gauge dependenceof the order parameter anomalous dimension in the Ginzburg-Landau model and the critical fluctuations in superconductors

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    The critical fluctuations of superconductors are discussed in a fixed dimension scaling suited to describe the type II regime. The gauge dependence of the anomalous dimension of the scalar field is stablished exactly from the Ward-Takahashi identities. Its fixed point value gives the η\eta critical exponent and it is shown that η\eta is gauge independent, as expected on physical grounds. In the scaling considered, η\eta is found to be zero at 1-loop order, while ν0.63\nu\approx 0.63. This result is just the 1-loop values for the XY model obtained in the fixed dimension renormalization group approach. It is shown that this XY behavior holds at all orders. The result η=ηXY\eta=\eta_{XY} should be contrasted with the negative values frequently reported in the literature.Comment: EuroLaTex, 7 pages, 2 figures, reference updated; version to be published in Europhysics Letter

    Thermofield Dynamics and Casimir Effect for Fermions

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    A generalization of the Bogoliubov transformation is developed to describe a space compactified fermionic field. The method is the fermionic counterpart of the formalism introduced earlier for bosons (J. C. da Silva, A. Matos Neto, F. C. Khanna and A. E. Santana, Phys. Rev. A 66 (2002) 052101), and is based on the thermofield dynamics approach. We analyse the energy-momentum tensor for the Casimir effect of a free massless fermion field in a dd-dimensional box at finite temperature. As a particular case the Casimir energy and pressure for the field confined in a 3-dimensional parallelepiped box are calculated. It is found that the attractive or repulsive nature of the Casimir pressure on opposite faces changes depending on the relative magnitude of the edges. We also determine the temperature at which the Casimir pressure in a cubic boc changes sign and estimate its value when the edge of the cybe is of the order of confining lengths for baryons.Comment: 21 pages, 3 figures, to appear in Annals of Physic

    Maximum Entanglement in Squeezed Boson and Fermion States

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    A class of squeezed boson and fermion states is studied with particular emphasis on the nature of entanglement. We first investigate the case of bosons, considering two-mode squeezed states. Then we construct the fermion version to show that such states are maximum entangled, for both bosons and fermions. To achieve these results, we demonstrate some relations involving squeezed boson states. The generalization to the case of fermions is made by using Grassmann variables.Comment: 4 page

    Dressed States Approach to Quantum Systems

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    Using the non-perturbative method of {\it dressed} states previously introduced in JPhysA, we study effects of the environment on a quantum mechanical system, in the case the environment is modeled by an ensemble of non interacting harmonic oscillators. This method allows to separate the whole system into the {\it dressed} mechanical system and the {\it dressed} environment, in terms of which an exact, non-perturbative approach is possible. When applied to the Brownian motion, we give explicit non-perturbative formulas for the classical path of the particle in the weak and strong coupling regimes. When applied to study atomic behaviours in cavities, the method accounts very precisely for experimentally observed inhibition of atomic decay in small cavities PhysLA, physics0111042

    Nonrelativistic Limit of the Scalar Chern-Simons Theory and the Aharonov-Bohm Scattering

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    We study the nonrelativistic limit of the quantum theory of a Chern-Simons field minimally coupled to a scalar field with quartic self-interaction. The renormalization of the relativistic model, in the Coulomb gauge, is discussed. We employ a procedure to calculate scattering amplitudes for low momenta that generates their p/m|p|/m expansion and separates the contributions coming from high and low energy intermediary states. The two body scattering amplitude is calculated up to order p2/m2p^2/m^2. It is shown that the existence of a critical value of the self-interaction parameter for which the 2-particle scattering amplitude reduces to the Aharonov-Bohm one is a strictly nonrelativistic feature. The subdominant terms correspond to relativistic corrections to the Aharonov-Bohm scattering. A nonrelativistic reduction scheme and an effective nonrelativistic Lagrangian to account for the relativistic corrections are proposed.Comment: 22 pages, 8 figures, revtex, to be published in Int. J. Mod. Phys.

    Controlling Excitations Inversion of a Cooper Pair Box Interacting with a Nanomechanical Resonator

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    We investigate the action of time dependent detunings upon the excitation inversion of a Cooper pair box interacting with a nanomechanical resonator. The method employs the Jaynes-Cummings model with damping, assuming different decay rates of the Cooper pair box and various fixed and t-dependent detunings. It is shown that while the presence of damping plus constant detunings destroy the collapse/revival effects, convenient choices of time dependent detunings allow one to reconstruct such events in a perfect way. It is also shown that the mean excitation of the nanomechanical resonator is more robust against damping of the Cooper pair box for convenient values of t-dependent detunings.Comment: 11 pages, 5 figure

    Large N study of extreme type II superconductors in a magnetic field

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    The large N analysis of an extreme type II superconductor is revisited. It is found that the phase transition is of second-order in dimensions 4 < d < 6. For the physical dimension d=3 no sign of phase transition is found, contrary to early claims.Comment: Revtex, 7 pages, no figure

    Critical properties of the topological Ginzburg-Landau model

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    We consider a Ginzburg-Landau model for superconductivity with a Chern-Simons term added. The flow diagram contains two charged fixed points corresponding to the tricritical and infrared stable fixed points. The topological coupling controls the fixed point structure and eventually the region of first order transitions disappears. We compute the critical exponents as a function of the topological coupling. We obtain that the value of the ν\nu exponent does not vary very much from the XY value, νXY=0.67\nu_{XY}=0.67. This shows that the Chern-Simons term does not affect considerably the XY scaling of superconductors. We discuss briefly the possible phenomenological applications of this model.Comment: RevTex, 7 pages, 8 figure