1,291 research outputs found

    Hubungan Jenis Cairan Dan Lokasi Pemasangan Infus Dengan Kejadian Flebitis Pada Pasienrawat Inap Di RSU Pancaran Kasih Gmim Manado

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    :More Than 60% of patients who duty The hospital received therapy through IV . IV therapy can be a complication occurred phlebitis . Period Genesis Nosocomial infections Form of phlebitis in Indonesia as much (17.11%). Phlebitis caused by chemical irritation (Infusion fluid types), mechanical (mounting location Infusion), and bacteria. The aim of this research was to determine whether there is a relationship kind of fluid and the incidence of infusion site phlebitis in patients hospitalized in RSU Pancaran Kasih GMIM Manado. Sample is taken by making consecutive sampling technique that is 40 samples. The study design used is analytic survey with cross sectional approach and data were collected using observation sheet.The result of this research with using chi square are (a) relationship between Infusion fluid types with Genesis Phlebitiswhich about p = 0,000, (b) there is a relationship between IV Installation Area with Genesis Phlebitiswhich about p = 0,005.Conclussion(a) there is a relationship between Infusion fluid types with Genesis Phlebitis, (b) there is a relationship between IV Installation Area with Genesis Phlebitis

    Kelvin-Helmholtz instability at proton scales with an exact kinetic equilibrium

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    The Kelvin-Helmholtz instability is a ubiquitous physical process in ordinary fluids and plasmas, frequently observed also in space environments. In this paper, kinetic effects at proton scales in the nonlinear and turbulent stage of the Kelvin-Helmholtz instability have been studied in magnetized collisionless plasmas by means of Hybrid Vlasov-Maxwell simulations. The main goal of this work is to point out the back reaction on particles triggered by the evolution of such instability, as energy reaches kinetic scales along the turbulent cascade. Interestingly, turbulence is inhibited when Kelvin-Helmholtz instability develops over an initial state which is not an exact equilibrium state. On the other hand, when an initial equilibrium condition is considered, energy can be efficiently transferred towards short scales, reaches the typical proton wavelengths and drives the dynamics of particles. As a consequence of the interaction of particles with the turbulent fluctuating fields, the proton velocity distribution deviates significantly from the local thermodynamic equilibrium, the degree of deviation increasing with the level of turbulence in the system and being located near regions of strong magnetic stresses. These numerical results support recent space observations from the Magnetospheric MultiScale mission of ion kinetic effects driven by the turbulent dynamics at the Earth's magnetosheath (Perri et al., 2020, JPlPh, 86, 905860108) and by the Kelvin-Helmholtz instability in the Earth's magnetosphere (Sorriso-Valvo et al., 2019, PhRvL, 122, 035102).Comment: 14 pages, 11 figure