8,679 research outputs found

    Study of Wgamma events at the CMS with 7 TeV LHC data

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    The measurement of the inclusive cross section for Wgamma production is presented based on 36/ pb of data acquired with the CMS detector from 7 TeV LHC collisions in 2010. Comparisons are made with the predictions of the standard model. The W bosons are identified through their leptonic decays to electrons and muons. The Wgamma cross section is sensitive to anomalous triple-gauge couplings and hence this measurement probes physics beyond the standard model.Comment: Proceedings of talk given at Rencontres de Moriond, EWK session, La Thuile, Italy, 2011, on behalf of the CMS collaboration. 5 pages, 4 figure

    Universality in Fluid Domain Coarsening: The case of vapor-liquid transition

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    Domain growth during the kinetics of phase separation is studied following vapor-liquid transition in a single component Lennard-Jones fluid. Results are analyzed after appropriately mapping the continuum snapshots obtained from extensive molecular dynamics simulations to a simple cubic lattice. For near critical quench interconnected domain morphology is observed. A brief period of slow diffusive growth is followed by a linear viscous hydrodynamic growth that lasts for an extended period of time. This result is in contradiction with earlier inclusive reports of late time growth exponent 1/2 that questions the uniqueness of the non-equilibrium universality for liquid-liquid and vapor-liquid transitions.Comment: 6 pages, 5 figure

    Elastic energy loss and longitudinal straggling of a hard jet

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    The elastic energy loss encountered by jets produced in deep-inelastic scattering (DIS) off a large nucleus is studied in the collinear limit. In close analogy to the case of (non-radiative) transverse momentum broadening, which is dependent on the medium transport coefficient q^\hat{q}, a class of medium enhanced higher twist operators which contribute to the non-radiative loss of the forward light-cone momentum of the jet (qq^-) are identified and the leading correction in the limit of asymptotically high qq^- is isolated. Based on these operator products, a new transport coefficient e^\hat{e} is motivated which quantifies the energy loss per unit length encountered by the hard jet. These operator products are then computed, explicitly, in the case of a similar hard jet traversing a deconfined quark-gluon-plasma (QGP) in the hard-thermal-loop (HTL) approximation. This is followed by an evaluation of sub-leading contributions which are suppressed by the light-cone momentum qq^-, which yields the longitudinal "straggling" i.e., a slight change in light cone momentum due to the Brownian propagation through a medium with a fluctuating color field.Comment: 5 pages, 1 figure, Revtex

    Cherenkov Radiation from Jets in Heavy-ion Collisions

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    The possibility of Cherenkov-like gluon bremsstrahlung in dense matter is studied. We point out that the occurrence of Cherenkov radiation in dense matter is sensitive to the presence of partonic bound states. This is illustrated by a calculation of the dispersion relation of a massless particle in a simple model in which it couples to two different massive resonance states. We further argue that detailed spectroscopy of jet correlations can directly probe the index of refraction of this matter, which in turn will provide information about the mass scale of these partonic bound states.Comment: 4 pages, 5 figures, revte

    A study of a NLO matrix element generator for Wgamma and matching scheme for NLO events and PYTHIA parton shower

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    We compare a NLO W gamma matrix element generator with the leading order calculation in Pythia . A matching scheme between a next-to-leading order W gamma matrix element generator by Baur et. al. and the Pythia parton shower is presented. The NLO package produces W gamma+0 jet and W gamma+1jet final states in the hard scattering and the objective is to consistently match these to the initial state radiation from Pythia parton shower. The proposed methodology preserves both the rate of the hard scattering process as well as various kinematic distributions of experimental interest.Comment: 16 pages, 12 figures, 2 tables, 8 references, an abbreviated version to appear in the proceedings of Physics at TeV Colliders, Les Houches 8-26 June 200

    Orientifolds of type IIA strings on Calabi-Yau manifolds

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    We identify type IIA orientifolds that are dual to M-theory compactifications on manifolds with G_2-holonomy. We then discuss the construction of crosscap states in Gepner models. (Based on a talk presented by S.G. at PASCOS 2003 held at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai during Jan. 3-8, 2003.)Comment: 3 pages, RevTeX, PASCOS '03 tal

    Study of Beta Equilibrated 2+1 Flavor Quark Matter in PNJL Model

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    We report a first case study of the phase diagram of 2+1 flavor strongly interacting matter in β\beta-equilibrium, using the Polyakov-Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model. Physical characteristics of relevant thermodynamic observables have been discussed. A comparative analysis with the corresponding observables in the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model is presented. We find distinct differences between the models in terms of a number of thermodynamic quantities like the speed of sound, specific heat, various number densities as well as entropy. The present study is expected to give us a better insight into the role that the superdense matter created in heavy ion collision experiments play in our understanding of the properties of matter inside the core of supermassive stars in the Universe

    On the imaginary parts and infrared divergences of two-loop vector boson self-energies in thermal QCD

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    We calculate the imaginary part of the retarded two-loop self-energy of a static vector boson in a plasma of quarks and gluons of temperature T, using the imaginary time formalism. We recombine various cuts of the self-energy to generate physical processes. We demonstrate how cuts containing loops may be reinterpreted in terms of interference between Order α\alpha tree diagrams and the Born term along with spectators from the medium. We apply our results to the rate of dilepton production in the limit of dilepton invariant mass E>>T. We find that all infrared and collinear singularities cancel in the final result obtained in this limit.Comment: references added, typos corrected, slightly abridged, version accepted for publication in Phys. Rev.
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