76 research outputs found

    An improved exchange-correlation potential for polarizability and dissociation in DFT

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    We propose a novel approach to the problem of polarizabilities and dissociation in electric fields from the static limit of the Vignale-Kohn (VK) functional. We consider the response to the purely scalar part of the VK response potential.This potential has ground-state properties that notably improve over the full VK response density and over usual (semi-)local functionals. The correct qualitative behavior of our potentials means that it is expected to work well for polarizabilities in cases such as the H2_2 chain, and it will also correctly dissociate open-shell fragments in a field.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figures; to appear in JC

    The Exact Potential Driving the Electron Dynamics in Enhanced Ionization

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    It was recently shown that the exact factorization of the electron-nuclear wavefunction allows the construction of a Schr\"odinger equation for the electronic system, in which the potential contains exactly the effect of coupling to the nuclear degrees of freedom and any external fields. Here we study the exact potential acting on the electron in charge-resonance enhanced ionization in a model one-dimensional H2+_2^+ molecule. We show there can be significant differences between the exact potential and that used in the traditional quasistatic analyses, arising from non-adiabatic coupling to the nuclear system, and that these are crucial to include for accurate simulations of time-resolved ionization dynamics and predictions of the ionization yield

    Long-range excitations in time-dependent density functional theory

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    Adiabatic time-dependent density functional theory fails for excitations of a heteroatomic molecule composed of two open-shell fragments at large separation. Strong frequency-dependence of the exchange-correlation kernel is necessary for both local and charge-transfer excitations. The root of this is static correlation created by the step in the exact Kohn-Sham ground-state potential between the two fragments. An approximate non-empirical kernel is derived for excited molecular dissociation curves at large separation. Our result is also relevant for the usual local and semi-local approximations for the ground-state potential, as static correlation there arises from the coalescence of the highest occupied and lowest unoccupied orbital energies as the molecule dissociates.Comment: 7 pages, 2 figure
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