147 research outputs found

    Comparisons and Combinations of Reactor and Long-Baseline Neutrino Oscillation Measurements

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    We investigate how the data from various future neutrino oscillation experiments will constrain the physics parameters for a three active neutrino mixing model. The investigations properly account for the degeneracies and ambiguities associated with the phenomenology as well as estimates of experimental measurement errors. Combinations of various reactor measurements with the expected J-PARC (T2K) and NuMI offaxis (Nova) data, both with and without the increased flux associated with proton driver upgrades, are considered. The studies show how combinations of reactor and offaxis data can resolve degeneracies (e.g. the theta23 degeneracy) and give more precise information on the oscillation parameters. A primary purpose of this investigation is to establish the parameter space regions where CP violation can be discovered and where the mass hierarchy can be determined. It is found that such measurements, even with the augmented flux from proton driver upgrades, demand sin^2 (2 theta13) be fairly large and in the range where it is measurable by reactor experiments.Comment: 25 pages, 13 figures, fixed typos; 25 pages, 13 figures, updated content, references; previous 22 pages, 12 figures, added references and fixed reference display proble

    Evidence for muon neutrino oscillation in an accelerator-based experiment

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    We present results for muon neutrino oscillation in the KEK to Kamioka (K2K) long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment. K2K uses an accelerator-produced muon neutrino beam with a mean energy of 1.3 GeV directed at the Super-Kamiokande detector. We observed the energy dependent disappearance of muon neutrino, which we presume have oscillated to tau neutrino. The probability that we would observe these results if there is no neutrino oscillation is 0.0050% (4.0 sigma).Comment: 5 pages, 4 figure

    Observation of Cosmic Ray Anisotropy with Nine Years of IceCube Data

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    The Acoustic Module for the IceCube Upgrade

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    A Combined Fit of the Diffuse Neutrino Spectrum using IceCube Muon Tracks and Cascades

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    Non-standard neutrino interactions in IceCube

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    Non-standard neutrino interactions (NSI) may arise in various types of new physics. Their existence would change the potential that atmospheric neutrinos encounter when traversing Earth matter and hence alter their oscillation behavior. This imprint on coherent neutrino forward scattering can be probed using high-statistics neutrino experiments such as IceCube and its low-energy extension, DeepCore. Both provide extensive data samples that include all neutrino flavors, with oscillation baselines between tens of kilometers and the diameter of the Earth. DeepCore event energies reach from a few GeV up to the order of 100 GeV - which marks the lower threshold for higher energy IceCube atmospheric samples, ranging up to 10 TeV. In DeepCore data, the large sample size and energy range allow us to consider not only flavor-violating and flavor-nonuniversal NSI in the őľ‚ąíŌĄ sector, but also those involving electron flavor. The effective parameterization used in our analyses is independent of the underlying model and the new physics mass scale. In this way, competitive limits on several NSI parameters have been set in the past. The 8 years of data available now result in significantly improved sensitivities. This improvement stems not only from the increase in statistics but also from substantial improvement in the treatment of systematic uncertainties, background rejection and event reconstruction

    IceCube Search for Earth-traversing ultra-high energy Neutrinos

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    The search for ultra-high energy neutrinos is more than half a century old. While the hunt for these neutrinos has led to major leaps in neutrino physics, including the detection of astrophysical neutrinos, neutrinos at the EeV energy scale remain undetected. Proposed strategies for the future have mostly been focused on direct detection of the first neutrino interaction, or the decay shower of the resulting charged particle. Here we present an analysis that uses, for the first time, an indirect detection strategy for EeV neutrinos. We focus on tau neutrinos that have traversed Earth, and show that they reach the IceCube detector, unabsorbed, at energies greater than 100 TeV for most trajectories. This opens up the search for ultra-high energy neutrinos to the entire sky. We use ten years of IceCube data to perform an analysis that looks for secondary neutrinos in the northern sky, and highlight the promise such a strategy can have in the next generation of experiments when combined with direct detection techniques

    Search for high-energy neutrino sources from the direction of IceCube alert events

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    Posteriori analysis on IceCube double pulse tau neutrino candidates

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    The IceCube Neutrino Observatory at the South Pole detects Cherenkov light emitted by charged secondary particles created by primary neutrino interactions. Double pulse waveforms can arise from charged current interactions of astrophysical tau neutrinos with nucleons in the ice and the subsequent decay of tau leptons. The previous 8-year tau double pulse analysis found three tau neutrino candidate events. Among them, the most promising one observed in 2014 is located very near the dust layer in the middle of the detector. A posterior analysis on this event will be presented in this paper, using a new ice model treatment with continuously varying nuisance parameters to do the targeted Monte Carlo re-simulation for tau and other background neutrino ensembles. The impact of different ice models on the expected signal and background statistics will also be discussed
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