313 research outputs found

    Interactions between satellites and plasma

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    The interactions of a spacecraft with the surrounding, streaming plasma were determined by the following effects: the fade out of the plasma in the wake of the probe, the emission of photoelectrons and secondary electrons, the differential charging of the surface of the probe, and a spatial potential distribution in the vicinity of the space probe. These effects and their importance are discussed and following plasma conditions are considered: (1) geostationary satellite orbits; (2) in the solar wind (HELIOS mission); and (3) in the ionosphere at an altitude of 250 km (the projected OSV on Spacelab). The fundamental models are reviewed

    Ray Tracing Simulations of ECR Heating and ECE Diagnostic at W7-X Stellarator

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