1,401 research outputs found

    Detecting extra dimensions with gravity wave spectroscopy: the black string brane-world

    Get PDF
    Using the black string between two branes as a model of a brane-world black hole, we compute the gravity wave perturbations and identify the features arising from the additional polarizations of the graviton. The standard four-dimensional gravitational wave signal acquires late-time oscillations due to massive modes of the graviton. The Fourier transform of these oscillations shows a series of spikes associated with the masses of the Kaluza-Klein modes, providing in principle a spectroscopic signature of extra dimensions.Comment: 4 pages, 5 figures. Comments on the frequency and detectability of the massive mode signal added, and title modified. Version accepted for publication in Phys. Rev. Let

    Stress effects in structure formation

    Get PDF
    Residual velocity dispersion in cold dark matter induces stresses which lead to effects that are absent in the idealized dust model. A previous Newtonian analysis showed how this approach can provide a theoretical foundation for the phenomenological adhesion model. We develop a relativistic kinetic theory generalization which also incorporates the anisotropic velocity dispersion that will typically be present. In addition to density perturbations, we consider the rotational and shape distortion properties of clustering. These quantities together characterize the linear development of density inhomogeneity, and we find exact solutions for their evolution. As expected, the corrections are small and arise only in the decaying modes, but their effect is interesting. One of the modes for density perturbations decays less rapidly than the standard decaying mode. The new rotational mode generates precession of the axis of rotation. The new shape modes produce additional distortion that remains frozen in during the subsequent (linear) evolution, despite the rapid decay of the terms that caused it.Comment: significantly improved discussion of kinetic theory of CDM velocity dispersion; to appear Phys. Rev.

    Initial Kaluza-Klein fluctuations and inflationary gravitational waves in braneworld cosmology

    Get PDF
    We study the spectrum of gravitational waves generated from inflation in the Randall-Sundrum braneworld. Since the inflationary gravitational waves are of quantum-mechanical origin, the initial configuration of perturbations in the bulk includes Kaluza-Klein quantum fluctuations as well as fluctuations in the zero mode. We show, however, that the initial fluctuations in Kaluza-Klein modes have no significant effect on the late time spectrum, irrespective of the energy scale of inflation and the equation of state parameter in the post-inflationary stage. This is done numerically, using the Wronskian formulation.Comment: 7 pages, 6 figure

    Inflation driven by causal heat flux

    Get PDF
    We find a simple inflationary solution in an inhomogeneous spacetime with heat flux. The heat flux obeys a causal transport equation, and counteracts the inflationary decrease of energy density. At late times, the heat flux tends to zero and the fluid approaches the equation of state p=ρp=-\rho.Comment: Latex 5 pages; to appear Gen. Rel. Gra

    Dark energy and dark gravity: theory overview

    Get PDF

    Dark energy and modified gravity

    Get PDF

    Structure formation on the brane: A mimicry

    Full text link
    We show how braneworld cosmology with bulk matter can explain structure formation. In this scenario, the nonlocal corrections to the Friedmann equations supply a Weyl fluid that can dominate over matter at late times due to the energy exchange between the brane and the bulk. We demonstrate that the presence of the Weyl fluid radically changes the perturbation equations, which can take care of the fluctuations required to account for the large amount of inhomogeneities observed in the local universe. Further, we show how this Weyl fluid can mimic dark matter. We also investigate the bulk geometry responsible for the scenario.Comment: 7 pages. Matches published versio

    Exact isotropic cosmologies with local fractal number counts

    Get PDF
    We construct an exact relativistic cosmology in which an inhomogeneous but isotropic local region has fractal number counts and matches to a homogeneous background at a scale of the order of 10210^2 Mpc. We show that Einstein's equations and the matching conditions imply either a nonlinear Hubble law or a very low large-scale density.Comment: revised version, to appear Class. Q. Grav.; minor corrections following eqn 16, additional comments on relation to other work, some new reference

    Anisotropic stresses in inhomogeneous universes

    Full text link
    Anisotropic stress contributions to the gravitational field can arise from magnetic fields, collisionless relativistic particles, hydrodynamic shear viscosity, gravitational waves, skew axion fields in low-energy string cosmologies, or topological defects. We investigate the effects of such stresses on cosmological evolution, and in particular on the dissipation of shear anisotropy. We generalize some previous results that were given for homogeneous anisotropic universes, by including small inhomogeneity in the universe. This generalization is facilitated by a covariant approach. We find that anisotropic stress dominates the evolution of shear, slowing its decay. The effect is strongest in radiation-dominated universes, where there is slow logarithmic decay of shear.Comment: 7 pages Revte

    Lie symmetries for equations in conformal geometries

    Full text link
    We seek exact solutions to the Einstein field equations which arise when two spacetime geometries are conformally related. Whilst this is a simple method to generate new solutions to the field equations, very few such examples have been found in practice. We use the method of Lie analysis of differential equations to obtain new group invariant solutions to conformally related Petrov type D spacetimes. Four cases arise depending on the nature of the Lie symmetry generator. In three cases we are in a position to solve the master field equation in terms of elementary functions. In the fourth case special solutions in terms of Bessel functions are obtained. These solutions contain known models as special cases.Comment: 19 pages, To appear in J. Phys.
    corecore