243,962 research outputs found

    Spin Alignment of Heavy Meson Revisited

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    Using heavy quark effective theory a factorized form for inclusive production rate of a heavy meson can be obtained, in which the nonperturbative effect related to the heavy meson can be characterized by matrix elements defined in the heavy quark effective theory. Using this factorization, predictions for the full spin density matrix of a spin-1 and spin-2 meson can be obtained and they are characterized only by one coefficient representing the nonperturbative effect. Predictions for spin-1 heavy meson are compared with experiment performed at e+ee^+e^- colliders in the energy range from s=10.5\sqrt{s}=10.5GeV to s=91\sqrt{s}=91GeV, a complete agreement is found for DD^*- and BB^*-meson. There are distinct differences from the existing approach and they are discussed.Comment: 6 pages, Talk given at 3rd Circum-Pan-Pacific Symposium on "High Energy Spin Physics", Beijing, China, 8-13, 200

    A QCD-Analysis for Radiative Decays of Υ\Upsilon into f2(1270)f_2(1270)

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    We perform a QCD analysis for the radiative decay of a heavy 3S1^3S_1 quarkonium into the tensor meson f2(1270)f_2(1270). We make an attempt to separate the nonperturbative effect related to the quarkonium and that related to the tensor meson, the former is represented by NRQCD matrix elements, while the later is parameterized by distribution amplitudes of gluons in the tensor meson at twist-2 level and at twist-3 level. We find that at twist-2 level the helicity λ\lambda of the tensor meson can be 0 and 2 and the amplitude with λ=2\lambda =2 is suppressed. At twist-3 level the tensor meson can have λ=1\lambda =1. A comparison with experiment is made, an agreement of our results with experiment can be found. We also briefly discuss the radiative decay into η\eta and obtain a prediction for Υγ+η\Upsilon\to\gamma+\eta.Comment: Corrections of two type-errors and a numerical error in the published version in Nucl.Phys. B605 (2001) 625, conclusions remain the sam

    Gauge Invariance and QCD Twist-3 Factorization for Single Spin Asymmetries

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    The collinear factorization at twist-3 for Drell-Yan processes is studied with the motivation to solve the discrepancy in literature about the single spin asymmetry in the lepton angular distribution, and to show how QCD gauge invariance is realized in the hadronic tensor. The obtained result here agrees with our early result derived with a totally different approach. In addition to the asymmetry we can construct another two observables to identify the spin effect. We show that the gauge invariance of different contributions in the hadronic tensor is made in different ways by summing the effects of gluon exchanges. More interestingly is that we can show that the virtual correction to one structure function of the hadronic tensor, hence to some weighted SSA observables, is completely determined by the quark form factor. This will simplify the calculation of higher order corrections. The corresponding result in semi-inclusive DIS is also given for the comparison with Drell-Yan processes.Comment: Small changes, accepted by JHE

    QCD Factorization for Quarkonium Production in Hadron Collions at Low Transverse Momentum

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    Inclusive production of a quarkonium ηc,b\eta_{c,b} in hadron collisions at low transverse momentum can be used to extract various Transverse-Momentum-Dependent(TMD) gluon distributions of hadrons, provided the TMD factorization for the process holds. The factorization involving unpolarized TMD gluon distributions of unpolarized hadrons has been examined with on-shell gluons at one-loop level. In this work we study the factorization at one-loop level with diagram approach in the most general case, where all TMD gluon distributions at leading twist are involved. We find that the factorization holds and the perturbative effects are represented by one perturbative coefficient. Since the initial gluons from hadrons are off-shell in general, there exists the so-called super-leading region found recently. We find that the contributions from this region can come from individual diagrams at one-loop level, but they are cancelled in the sum. Our factorized result for the differential cross-section is explicitly gauge-invariant.Comment: discussions and references are added. Published version on Phys. Rev.

    Twist-3 Contributions in Semi-Inclusive DIS with Transversely Polarized Target

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    We study semi-inclusive DIS with a transversely polarized target in the approach of collinear factorization. The effects related with the transverse polarization are at twist-3. We derive the complete result of twist-3 contributions to the relevant hadronic tensor at leading order of αs\alpha_s, and construct correspondingly experimental observables. Measuring these observables will help to extract the twist-2 transversity distribution, twist-3 distributions and twist-3 fragmentation functions of the produced unpolarized hadron. A detailed comparison with the approach of transverse-momentum-dependent factorization is made.Comment: discussions and references are added. Published version in PL