41,719 research outputs found

    A spatially resolved limb flare on Algol B observed with XMM-Newton

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    We report XMM-Newton observations of the eclipsing binary Algol A (B8V) and B (K2III). The XMM-Newton data cover the phase interval 0.35 - 0.58, i.e., specifically the time of optical secondary minimum, when the X-ray dark B-type star occults a major fraction of the X-ray bright K-type star. During the eclipse a flare was observed with complete light curve coverage. The decay part of the flare can be well described with an exponential decay law allowing a rectification of the light curve and a reconstruction of the flaring plasma region. The flare occurred near the limb of Algol B at a height of about 0.1R with plasma densities of a few times 10^11 cm^-3 consistent with spectroscopic density estimates. No eclipse of the quiescent X-ray emission is observed leading us to the conclusion that the overall coronal filling factor of Algol B is small.Comment: 8 pages, 7 figures, accepted by A&

    X-ray emission from the remarkable A-type star HR 8799

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    We present a Chandra observation of the exceptional planet bearing A5V star HR 8799, more precisely classified as a kA5hF0mA5 star and search for intrinsic X-ray emission. We clearly detect HR 8799 at soft X-ray energies with the ACIS-S detector in a 10 ks exposure; minor X-ray brightness variability is present during the observation. The coronal plasma is described well by a model with a temperature of around 3 MK and an X-ray luminosity of about Lx = 1.3 x 10^28 erg/s in the 0.2-2.0 keV band, corresponding to an activity level of log Lx/Lbol ~ -6.2. Altogether, these findings point to a rather weakly active and given a RASS detection, long-term stable X-ray emitting star. The X-ray emission from HR 8799 resembles those of a late A/early F-type stars, in agreement with its classification from hydrogen lines and effective temperature determination and thus resolving the apparent discrepancy with the standard picture of magnetic activity that predicts mid A-type stars to be virtually X-ray dark.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figures, accepted by A&

    Fe XIII coronal line emission in cool M dwarfs

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    We report on a search for the Fe xiii forbidden coronal line at 3388.1 \AA in a sample of 15 M-type dwarf stars covering the whole spectral class as well as different levels of activity. A clear detection was achieved for LHS 2076 during a major flare and for CN Leo, where the line had been discovered before. For some other stars the situation is not quite clear. For CN Leo we investigated the timing behaviour of the Fe xiii line and report a high level of variability on a timescale of hours which we ascribe to microflare heating.Comment: 13 pages, 10 figure

    Does the butterfly diagram indicate asolar flux-transport dynamo?

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    We address the question whether the properties of the observed latitude-time diagram of sunspot occurence (the butterfly diagram) provide evidence for the operation of a flux-transport dynamo, which explains the migration of the sunspot zones and the period of the solar cycle in terms of a deep equatorward meridional flow. We show that the properties of the butterfly diagram are equally well reproduced by a conventional dynamo model with migrating dynamo waves, but without transport of magnetic flux by a flow. These properties seem to be generic for an oscillatory and migratory field of dipole parity and thus do not permit an observational distinction between different dynamo approaches.Comment: 4 pages, 1 figur

    X-ray activity cycle on the active ultra-fast rotator AB Dor A? Implication of correlated coronal and photometric variability

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    Although chromospheric activity cycles have been studied in a larger number of late-type stars for quite some time, very little is known about coronal activity-cycles in other stars and their similarities or dissimilarities with the solar activity cycle. While it is usually assumed that cyclic activity is present only in stars of low to moderate activity, we investigate whether the ultra-fast rotator AB Dor, a K dwarf exhibiting signs of substantial magnetic activity in essentially all wavelength bands, exhibits a X-ray activity cycle in analogy to its photospheric activity cycle of about 17 years and possible correlations between these bands. We analysed the combined optical photometric data of AB Dor A, which span ~35 years. Additionally, we used ROSAT and XMM-Newton X-ray observations of AB Dor A to study the long-term evolution of magnetic activity in this active K dwarf over nearly three decades and searched for X-ray activity cycles and related photometric brightness changes. AB Dor A exhibits photometric brightness variations ranging between 6.75 < Vmag < 7.15 while the X-ray luminosities range between 29.8 < log LX [erg/s] < 30.2 in the 0.3-2.5 keV. As a very active star, AB Dor A shows frequent X-ray flaring, but, in the long XMM-Newton observations a kind of basal state is attained very often. This basal state probably varies with the photospheric activity-cycle of AB Dor A which has a period of ~17 years, but, the X-ray variability amounts at most to a factor of ~2, which is, much lower than the typical cycle amplitudes found on the Sun.Comment: 10 page
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