30,638 research outputs found

    Excited nucleon spectrum from lattice QCD with maximum entropy method

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    We study excited states of the nucleon in quenched lattice QCD with the spectral analysis using the maximum entropy method. Our simulations are performed on three lattice sizes 163×3216^3\times 32, 243×3224^3\times 32 and 323×3232^3\times 32, at β=6.0\beta=6.0 to address the finite volume issue. We find a significant finite volume effect on the mass of the Roper resonance for light quark masses. After removing this systematic error, its mass becomes considerably reduced toward the direction to solve the level order puzzle between the Roper resonance N(1440)N'(1440) and the negative-parity nucleon N(1535)N^*(1535).Comment: Lattice2003(spectrum), 3 pages, 4 figure

    Gap Condition and Self-Dualized N=4{\cal N}=4 Super Yang-Mills Theory for ADE Gauge Group on K3

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    We try to determine the partition function of N=4{\cal N}=4 super Yang-Mills theoy for ADE gauge group on K3 by self-dualizing our previous ADE partition function. The resulting partition function satisfies gap condition.Comment: 17 page

    Realization of a collective decoding of codeword states

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    This was also extended from the previous article quant-ph/9705043, especially in a realization of the decoding process.Comment: 6 pages, RevTeX, 4 figures(EPS

    Bayesian approach to the first excited nucleon state in lattice QCD

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    We present preliminary results from the first attempt to reconstruct the spectral function in the nucleon and Δ\Delta channels from lattice QCD data using the maximum entropy method (MEM). An advantage of the MEM analysis is to enable us to access information of the excited state spectrum. Performing simulations on two lattice volumes, we confirm the large finite size effect on the first excited nucleon state in the lighter quark mass region.Comment: Lattice2002(spectrum), Latex with espcrc2.sty, 3 pages, 3 figure

    Non-Linear Sigma Models on a Half Plane

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    In the context of integrable field theory with boundary, the integrable non-linear sigma models in two dimensions, for example, the O(N)O(N), the principal chiral, the CPN1{\rm CP}^{N-1} and the complex Grassmannian sigma models are discussed on a half plane. In contrast to the well known cases of sine-Gordon, non-linear Schr\"odinger and affine Toda field theories, these non-linear sigma models in two dimensions are not classically integrable if restricted on a half plane. It is shown that the infinite set of non-local charges characterising the integrability on the whole plane is not conserved for the free (Neumann) boundary condition. If we require that these non-local charges to be conserved, then the solutions become trivial.Comment: 25 pages, latex, no figure

    Virtual photon structure functions and positivity constraints

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    We study the three positivity constraints among the eight virtual photon structure functions, derived from the Cauchy-Schwarz inequality and which are hence model-independent. The photon structure functions obtained from the simple parton model show quite different behaviors in a massive quark or a massless quark case, but they satisfy, in both cases, the three positivity constraints. We then discuss an inequality which holds among the unpolarized and polarized photon structure functions F1γF_1^\gamma, g1γg_1^\gamma and WTTτW_{TT}^\tau, in the kinematic region Λ2P2Q2\Lambda^2\ll P^2 \ll Q^2, where Q2(P2)-Q^2 (-P^2) is the mass squared of the probe (target) photon, and we examine whether this inequality is satisfied by the perturbative QCD results.Comment: 24 pages, 13 eps figure

    Evaluation of specific heat for superfluid helium between 0 - 2.1 K based on nonlinear theory

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    The specific heat of liquid helium was calculated theoretically in the Landau theory. The results deviate from experimental data in the temperature region of 1.3 - 2.1 K. Many theorists subsequently improved the results of the Landau theory by applying temperature dependence of the elementary excitation energy. As well known, many-body system has a total energy of Galilean covariant form. Therefore, the total energy of liquid helium has a nonlinear form for the number distribution function. The function form can be determined using the excitation energy at zero temperature and the latent heat per helium atom at zero temperature. The nonlinear form produces new temperature dependence for the excitation energy from Bose condensate. We evaluate the specific heat using iteration method. The calculation results of the second iteration show good agreement with the experimental data in the temperature region of 0 - 2.1 K, where we have only used the elementary excitation energy at 1.1 K.Comment: 6 pages, 3 figures, submitted to Journal of Physics: Conference Serie
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